John G. Avildsen
John Guilbert Avildsen (December 21, 1935 – June 16, 2017) was an American film director. He is perhaps best known for directing Rocky (1976), which earned him the Academy Award for Best Director and the first three The Karate Kid films. Other films he directed include Joe (1970), Save the Tiger (1973), The Formula (1980), Neighbors (1981), Lean on Me (1989), Rocky V (1990), and 8 Seconds (1994).
John G. Avildsen
John Guilbert Avildsen
December 21, 1935
Oak Park, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||June 16, 2017 (aged 81)|
|Other names||Johnny Avildsen|
|Spouse(s)||Marie Olga Maturevich (Melissa McCall)|
Tracy Brooks Swope (1987–2006; separated)
|Parent(s)||Ivy (née Guilbert) and Clarence John Avildsen|
Avildsen was born in Oak Park, Illinois, the son of Ivy (née Guilbert) and Clarence John Avildsen. He was educated at the Hotchkiss School and at New York University. He was of Norwegian heritage 
After starting out as an assistant director on films by Arthur Penn and Otto Preminger, Avildsen's early low-budget feature Joe (1970) received good notices for star Peter Boyle and moderate box-office business. Avildsen's first success came with the low-budget 1971 cult classic comedy film Cry Uncle! (released in the UK as Superdick and on video as American Oddballs), a 1971 American film in the Troma Entertainment library that stars Allen Garfield. This was followed by Save the Tiger (1973), a film nominated for three Oscars, winning Best Actor for star Jack Lemmon.
His greatest success came with Rocky (1976), which he directed working in conjunction with writer and star Sylvester Stallone. The film was a major critical and commercial success, becoming the highest-grossing film of 1976 and garnering ten Academy Award nominations and winning three, including Best Picture and Best Director. Avildsen later returned to direct what was then expected to be the series' final installment, Rocky V (1990).
A documentary on the life, career and films of Avildsen was released in August 2017. John G. Avildsen: King of the Underdogs (2017), directed and produced by Derek Wayne Johnson, features interviews with Sylvester Stallone, Ralph Macchio, Martin Scorsese, Jerry Weintraub, and Burt Reynolds, among others. The documentary is a companion to the book The Films of John G. Avildsen: Rocky, The Karate Kid, and other Underdogs, written by Larry Powell and Tom Garrett.
Avildsen's first wife was Marie Olga Maturevich (Melissa McCall). After they divorced, he married actress Tracy Brooks Swope in 1987; they separated in 2006. He had five children. His estranged son Ash (born November 5, 1981), founded Sumerian Records. Another son, Jonathan Avildsen, appeared in the films The Karate Kid Part III and Rocky V. His eldest son was named Anthony and he had a daughter Penelope Avildsen. John also had a daughter with Tracy Swope, Bridget.
|1969||Turn on to Love|
|1970||Guess What We Learned in School Today?|
|1973||Save the Tiger|
|W.W. and the Dixie Dancekings|
|1976||Rocky||Academy Award for Best Director|
Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Director
Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Direction
|1978||Slow Dancing in the Big City|
|1980||The Formula||Nominated—Razzie Award for Worst Director|
|1982||Traveling Hopefully||Nominated—Academy Award for Best Documentary, Short Subject|
|1983||A Night in Heaven|
|1984||The Karate Kid|
|1986||The Karate Kid Part II|
|1987||Happy New Year|
|1989||Lean on Me|
|The Karate Kid Part III||Nominated—Razzie Award for Worst Director|
|1990||Rocky V||Nominated—Razzie Award for Worst Director|
|1992||The Power of One|
- Gilbey, Ryan (June 19, 2017). "John Avildsen obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved June 19, 2017.
- Lentz, Harris III (August 2017). "John G. Avildsen, 81". Classic Images (506): 49.
- "Emma Anderson Avildsen (1870-1948) - Find a Grave".
- Hoberman, J. (July 30, 2000). "FILM; Off the Hippies: 'Joe' and the Chaotic Summer of '70". The New York Times. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
- Thompson, Howard (August 18, 1971). "The Screen:'Cry Uncle' Combines Sex and Whodunit". The New York Times. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
- Canby, Vincent (February 15, 1973). "Screen: 'Save the Tiger':Lemmon Battles Middle Age at Tower East The Cast". The New York Times. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
- Powell, Larry; Garrett, Tom (2013). The Films of John G. Avildsen: Rocky, The Karate Kid and Other Underdogs. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 94. ISBN 978-0-7864-6692-4.
- Powell & Garrett 2013, pp. 83–84.
- Powell & Garrett 2013, pp. 186–192.
- Maslin, Janet (December 19, 1980). "'THE FORMULA' FOR SYNTHETIC OIL". The New York Times. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
- Powell & Garrett 2013, pp. 116, 161, 168, 195, 202.
- Powell & Garrett 2013, pp. 131, 143, 179.
- Powell & Garrett 2013, pp. 53, 89–90.
- Powell & Garrett 2013, p. 213.
- Drown, Michelle (January 26, 2017). "John Avildsen: King of the Underdogs". Santa Barbara Independent. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
- Farber, Stephen (February 8, 2017). "'John G. Avildsen: King of the Underdogs': Film Review | Santa Barbara 2017". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
- Powell & Garrett 2013.
- Dwyer, Colin (17 June 2017). "John Avildsen, Oscar-Winning Director Of 'Rocky' And 'Karate Kid,' Dies At 81". NPR. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
- Fleishman, Jeffrey (June 16, 2017). "'Rocky' director John G. Avildsen dies at 81". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
- Salam, Maya (June 16, 2017). "John Avildsen, Director of 'Rocky' and 'The Karate Kid,' Dies at 81". The New York Times. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
- Gitter, Mike (September 25, 2012). "Sumerian Records Founder Ash Avildsen on Success, 'Sumeriancore' and His Famous Father (Exclusive)". noisecreep.com. Retrieved June 17, 2017.