The Hotchkiss School is a coeducational preparatory school in Lakeville, Connecticut, United States. Hotchkiss is a member of the Eight Schools Association and Ten Schools Admissions Organization.It is also a former member of the G30 Schools group.
|The Hotchkiss School|
11 Interlaken Road
|Type||Private, independent, day and boarding|
|Motto||Moniti Meliora Sequamur|
(Guided by each other, let us seek better paths.)
|Head of school||Craig W. Bradley|
93% boarding, 7% day;
50% male, 50% female;
17% International students
32% U.S. students of color
|Average class size||13 students|
|Student to teacher ratio||5:1|
|Campus||Rural, 827 acres (3 km2)|
13 dorms, 2 lakes, 1 forest
|Color(s)|| Yale Blue and |
|Athletics||19 interscholastic sports|
|Endowment||$491.8 million (June 2019)|
|Annual tuition||$59,990 (boarding)|
|Affiliation||Eight Schools Association|
Ten Schools Admissions Organization
New England Preparatory School Athletic Council (NEPSAC)
New England Association of Schools and Colleges (NEASC)
The Association of Boarding Schools (TABS)
Global Education Benchmark Group (GEBG)
Green Schools Alliance
|Former pupils||Pythians (even entrance year) or Olympians (odd entrance year)|
In 1891, Maria Harrison Bissell Hotchkiss, with guidance from Yale President Timothy Dwight V, founded the school to prepare young men for Yale University. In 1892, The Hotchkiss School opened its doors to 50 male boarding students for $600. Hotchkiss's endowment also precipitated scholarship aid to deserving students. In 1974, the school became coeducational.
George Van Santvoord (g. 1908, Yale 1912), a headmaster hailed as the Duke with an honorary dorm, claimed there was only one school rule: "Be a gentleman." In 1954, Time recognized in "Education: The Duke Steps Down", that "of all U.S. prep schools, few, if any, can beat the standards Hotchkiss has set."
International relations and diversityEdit
Maria Hotchkiss was uninterested in establishing "a school for the pampered sons of rich gentlemen." The school has enrolled international students since 1896. In 1928, the school joined the English-Speaking Union and established the International Schoolboy Exchange. Established by the Class of 1948, the Fund for Global Understanding enables student participation in summer service projects across the world. In 1953, Hotchkiss alumnus Eugene Van Voorhis (g. 1951, Yale '55, Yale Law ‘58) incorporated the Ulysses S. Grant Foundation program to assist minority New Haven students with boarding school admission, with Hotchkiss formally participating in addition to other recruitment initiatives from the 1960s onward, such as A Better Chance (ABC), Greater Opportunity (GO) summer program for inner-city students, and Prep for Prep to foster minority leaders.
The school has a 43% diverse student body (21% international students), offers a School Year Abroad program, and is a member of the Global Education Benchmark Group (GEBG), Round Square, and Confucius Institute International Division (Hanban). In 2010, Hotchkiss partnered with Peking University High School to establish its study abroad, international division called Dalton Academy.
Faculty sexual misconductEdit
In 2015, a male student sued the school, alleging that he had been raped and sexually harassed in "an environment of well-known and tolerated sexual assaults, sexually violent hazing, and pedophilia". In the suit, he said the Dormitory Master and instructor had drugged him and lured him to his quarters where he was raped.
In the lawsuit, he said he wrote an article for the student newspaper about the failure of the school to appropriately respond to complaints. The suit said the headmaster blocked publication and "conspired to prevent (the plaintiff) from informing the students, parents and the school community about the faculty members's sexual assault and his aberrant and predatory propensities and behavior."
As a result of this complaint and others, the school hired a law firm to investigate. The law firm interviewed more than 150 people and reviewed more than 200,000 pages of documents.
On August 16, 2018, the firm released its report, which found that seven former faculty members had abused students for years, yet school administrators took no action, even when made aware of the sexual misconduct. The report said that the abuse, stretching from 1969 through 1992, involved at least 16 students and consisted of intercourse and unnecessary "medical gynecological" exams.
A former headmaster who had been serving on the Board of Trustees resigned after cooperating with investigators. Board of Trustee representatives said the information would be turned over to law enforcement officials.
Operating on a semester schedule, Hotchkiss offers a classical education, 224 courses, 7 foreign languages (Chinese, French, German, Greek, Latin, Russian and Spanish), and study abroad programs. In 1991, the New York Times recognized Hotchkiss' summer program as, "Summer School for the Very Ambitious" and in 2011, as a private school leader in the farm-to-table movement, by incorporating agriculture into the curriculum since 2008. The year prior, the Deerfield Scroll featured that "many consider The Hotchkiss School to be the leader in environmental awareness among the top prep schools in the country."
The school has a 100% college matriculation rate, and among the classes of 2011–14, 33 enrolled at Yale, 19 at Harvard, and 16 at Princeton. In 2007, The Wall Street Journal listed Hotchkiss as among the schools with a higher success rate (than Choate and Deerfield) in matriculation at Harvard, Princeton and six others (excluding Yale).
Hotchkiss fields 19 interscholastic sports teams that compete in the Founders League, Eight Schools Athletic Council, New England Preparatory School Athletic Council (NEPSAC), and Interscholastic Sailing Association's New England Schools Sailing Association (NESSA) district. Its colors are Yale Blue and white, with the mascot being the bearcat.
|Fall||(B), (G) Cross Country – Varsity||(G) 4||(G) Founders League Champion – 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008|
|(B), (G) Cross Country – Junior Varsity||(B) 1||(B) Founders League Champion – 2017|
|(G) Field Hockey – Varsity||12||Founders League Champion – 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008|
NEPSAC New England Class A Champion – 2014, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005, 2004, 2003, 2002, 1998
|(G) Field Hockey – Junior Varsity||0|
|(G) Field Hockey – Third||0|
|(B) Football – Varsity||3||Erickson League Champion – 2009, 2008|
NEPSAC New England Class A Champion – 2008
|(B) Football – Junior Varsity||0|
|(B), (G) Soccer – Varsity||(B) 9
|(B) Founders League Champion – 2015, 2013, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008|
NEPSAC New England Class A Champion – 2011, 2009, 2008
(G) Founders League Champion – 2013, 2017
|(B), (G) Soccer – Junior Varsity||0|
|(B), (G) Soccer – Third||0|
|(G) Volleyball – Varsity||3||Founders League Champion – 2010, 2008|
NEPSAC New England Class A Champion – 2008
|(G) Volleyball – Junior Varsity||0|
|(B) Water Polo – Varsity||0|
|Winter||(B), (G) Basketball – Varsity||(B) 12
|(B) 7x Founders League Champion, Tri-State League Champion – 2019, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007|
(G) Founders League Champion – 2012
|(B), (G) Basketball – Junior Varsity||0|
|(B), (G) Basketball – Third||0|
|(B), (G) Hockey – Varsity||0|
|(B), (G) Hockey – Junior Varsity||0|
|(B), (G) Squash – Varsity||(B) 2
|(B) Founders League Champion – 2012, 2008|
(G) Founders League Champion – 2016
|(B), (G) Squash – Junior Varsity||0|
|(C) Squash – Third||0|
|(B), (G) Swimming and Diving – Varsity||0|
|(C) Wrestling – Varsity||0|
|Spring||(B) Baseball – Varsity||0|
|(B) Baseball – Junior Varsity||0|
|(B), (G) Golf – Varsity||(B) 0
|(G) Founders League Champion – 2019|
|(B) Golf – Junior Varsity||0|
|(B), (G) Lacrosse – Varsity||(B) 1
|(B) Founders League Champion – 2009|
(G) Founders League Champion – 2015, 2014, 2013, 2011, 2007, 2006, 2005, 2004, 2000
|(B), (G) Lacrosse – Junior Varsity||0|
|(B), (G) Lacrosse – Third||0|
|(G) Softball – Varsity||0|
|(C) Sailing – Varsity||12||(C) NESSA New England Fleet Racing Champion – 2014, 2012, 2011, 1977, 1975, 1974|
NESSA Team Racing Champion – 2011, 1977, 1976, 1974
Connecticut State Champion – 2012, 2011
|(C) Sailing – Junior Varsity||0|
|(B), (G) Tennis – Varsity||(B) 7
|(B) Founders League Champion – 2012, 2010, 2009, 2008|
NEPSAC New England Class A Champion – 2012, 2010, 2008
(G) Founders League Champion – 2019, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2008
NEPSAC New England Class A Champion – 2013, 2012, 2010, 2009
|(B), (G) Tennis – Junior Varsity||0|
|(B), (G) Tennis – Third||0|
|(B), (G) Track and field – Varsity||(B) 5
|(B) Founders League Champion – 2014, 2009, 2007|
NEPSAC New England Class A Champion – 2009, 2007
(G) Founders League Champion – 2014, 2013, 2011, 2008
|(G) Water Polo – Varsity||0|
|(C) Ultimate Frisbee – Varsity||6||NEPSAL New England Champion – 2015, 2009, 2019|
USAU Connecticut State Champion – 2015, 2018
Amherst Invitational Champion – 2015
|(C) Ultimate Frisbee – Junior Varsity||0|
Despite Kent School's location in the same county, Hotchkiss and Taft School have a long-standing rivalry, where on the final Saturday of the fall sport season, called Taft Day at Hotchkiss and Hotchkiss Day at Taft, the two schools compete against each other in every sport. Similar boarding school traditions include the Andover–Exeter rivalry and Choate–Deerfield rivalry.
Hotchkiss offers over 65 clubs, including The Record, a biweekly, student-run newspaper circulated on campus and among alumni, The Mischianza yearbook, the Hotchkiss Chorus music ensemble, and extensive service organizations such as the St. Luke's Society. Other notable organizations include Callioupe, the all-girls a cappella group; Bluenotes, the all-boys a cappella group; the Hotchkiss Speech & Debate Team; and Food for Thought, the school's philosophy club. The school also hosts an annual student-run film festival, The Hotchkiss Film Festival, that attracts student filmmakers from all over the world to compete for prizes and a scholarship.
The school overlooks the Berkshires on a rural, 827 acres (3 km2) campus featuring 12 single-sex dorms (Baechle-Ayres, Buehler, Coy, Dana, Edelman, Flinn, Garland, Memorial, Tinker, Van Santvoord, Wieler, and Redlich, opened in 2016) and 1 all-gender dorm (Watson), two lakes, and one forest. The Main Building serves as the academic and social center, featuring 30 SmartBoard classrooms, the Edsel Ford Memorial Library with 87,000-volumes occupying 25,000 square feet, and dining halls.
An EPA Green Power Partner and Green Schools Ally, Hotchkiss requires all campus buildings to acquire LEED certification and was renovated to achieve the second highest, LEED Gold certification in 2008 and use 34% green power (ranked eighth largest, green K–12 school in 2009 by EPA), while upholding the Georgian architecture tradition from Bruce Price, Cass Gilbert, and Delano and Aldrich. The school renovation project earned Robert A.M. Stern Architects the 2010 Palladio Award, with Paul Rudolph and Butler Rogers Basket contributing elements of modern architecture.
In 2005, Hotchkiss opened the 715-seat Esther Eastman Music Center, equipped with a handmade Fazioli F308 piano, 12 Steinway pianos, 12 practice rooms, 3 ensemble practice rooms, a WKIS radio station and Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) lab. Hotchkiss also has a 615-seat proscenium theater called Walker Auditorium.
In 2002, Hotchkiss opened the Forrest E. Mars Jr. Athletic Center, a 212,000 square-foot athletic center with multi-purpose playing surfaces, elevated indoor exercise track, the Andrew K. Dwyer and Martin Dwyer III Olympic Rink and Thomas Schmidt NHL Rink, natatorium with 10-lane pool and separate diving well, William C. Fowle Gymnasium (hardwood basketball court), Edward R. Davis Wrestling Room, Joseph Cullman Squash Courts featuring eight international squash courts, Ford Indoor Tennis Courts, John R. Chandler Jr. Fitness Center, locker rooms, and shower facilities.
The Hotchkiss Golf Course is a nine-hole golf course of just over 3,000 yards, designed by Seth Raynor in 1924 and rated by Golf Digest as one of the 25 best nine-hole courses in America. Hotchkiss also has the Baker Complex, including synthetic Sprole Field and all-weather Hemmingway track; fifteen outdoor tennis courts; Joseph Cullman Paddle Tennis Courts; Centennial, Hoyt, Taylor, Downing, and Class of '49 Fields; Malkin Climbing Walls; Lake Wononscopomuc and a boathouse for sailing; three ponds; and extensive hiking trails.
Alumni with universally notable affiliations include:
- Robert Bork – United States Solicitor General, conservative legal scholar, Supreme Court nominee; Distinguished Fellow, the Hudson Institute
- Jonathan Bush and William H.T. Bush (g. 1956) – George H.W. Bush's brothers
- Roy D. Chapin Jr. (g. 1933) – Roy D. Chapin, Sr.'s son and American Motors CEO
- Granger K. Costikyan (g. 1925) – Armenian-American banker
- Eli Whitney Debevoise (g. 1917) – Eli Whitney descendant and Debevoise & Plimpton founder
- Tom Dolby (g. 1994) – Ray Dolby’s son and author
- Charles Edison (g. 1909) – Thomas Edison's son and 42nd Governor of New Jersey
- Frederick Vanderbilt Field (g. 1923) – Cornelius Vanderbilt's great-great-grandson, Samuel Osgood and Cyrus Field's descendant, and political activist
- Henry Ford II (g. 1936), Edsel Ford, William Clay Ford, Sr. (g. 1943) and William Clay Ford Jr. (g. 1975) – Henry Ford's descendants and Ford Motor Company executives
- Alfred Whitney Griswold (g. 1925) – Eli Whitney descendant and Yale President
- Briton Hadden (g. 1916) and Henry Luce (g. 1916) – Time co-founders
- John Hammond (g. 1929) – Columbia Records music industry executive, discovered and signed Billie Holiday, Bob Dylan, Bruce Springsteen, Aretha Franklin, among others
- Allison Janney (g. 1977) – Academy Award-winning actress
- Robert Lehman (g. 1908) – Philip Lehman's son and Lehman Brothers executive
- Archibald MacLeish (g. 1911) – Pulitzer Prize winning poet, journalist, lawyer, Librarian of Congress, Presidential Medal of Freedom winner
- Forrest Mars Jr. (g. 1949) and John Mars (g. 1953) – Franklin Clarence Mars' descendants and Mars, Inc. executives.
- Mark Mays (g. 1981) – Lowry Mays' son and Clear Channel Communications executive
- Chris Meledandri (g. 1977)- Founder and CEO of Illumination Entertainment and founding president of 20th Century Fox Animation
- Gerald Clery Murphy (g. 1907)- Artist, Socialite, CEO of Mark Cross
- Paul H. Nitze (g. 1924) – leading Cold War strategist, diplomat, Secretary of the Navy, arms negotiator, co-founder of Johns Hopkins University SAIS
- Philip W. Pillsbury (g. 1920) – Charles Alfred Pillsbury's grandson and Pillsbury Company executive
- Lily Rabe (g. 2000) – American Actress
- MacKenzie Scott (g. 1988) – Author and ex-spouse of Amazon founder Jeffrey Bezos
- Harold Stanley (g. 1904) – Morgan Stanley founder
- Potter Stewart (g. 1933) – Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
- Strobe Talbott (g. 1964) – author, journalist, Time magazine reporter, Deputy Secretary of State, President of Brookings Institution
- Fay Vincent (g. 1956) – Columbia Pictures executive and major league Baseball Commissioner
- Chris Wallace (g. 1966) – broadcast journalist*
- Tom Werner (g. 1967) – Boston Red Sox chairman and The Carsey-Werner Company co-founder, television producer
- Robert Osborn, art and philosophy, noted illustrator and cartoonist. Garry Trudeau the creator of the Doonesbury strip, has called Osborn "one of the very few masters of illustrative cartooning."
In popular cultureEdit
- F. Scott Fitzgerald's book This Side of Paradise (1920) and short story "Six of One" (1932) mention the school several times.
- In 1947, Time made a piece of Hotchkiss graffiti famous by publishing it twice: "In Lakeville, Conn., someone penciled in the Hotchkiss School lavatory: "Schuyler van Kilroy 3rd was here," a humorous, noble and generational-titled variation of the popular expression "Kilroy was here."
- Archibald MacLeish's last interview (1982) in American Heritage magazine disclosed, "God, how I did not like Hotchkiss!"
- Rosemary Wells' book Through the Hidden Door (1987) features the main character, Barney Penniman, who plans to attend Hotchkiss.
- Bret Easton Ellis' book American Psycho (1991) features Patrick Bateman's fiancée, Evelyn, as a Hotchkiss graduate.
- Joe Klein's book Primary Colors (1996) features the principal character, Henry Burton, as a Hotchkiss graduate frequently called "Hotchkiss".
- Jeffrey Archer's book Sons of Fortune (2002) features the protagonist, Fletcher Davenport, as a Hotchkiss graduate.
- Jay McInerney's short story "The Madonna of the Turkey Season" (2007) features a principal character, Aidan, as a Hotchkiss alumnus.
- The Mad Men TV series (2007) character Glen Bishop attends Hotchkiss. In season 5, episode 12, "Commissions and Fees," he sneaks off campus to visit Sally Draper in New York.
- "PSS Private School Universe Survey". U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics. 2012. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "School Profile: The Hotchkiss School". The Association of Boarding Schools (TABS). 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "About Hotchkiss: Who We Are". The Hotchkiss School. 2014. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "About Hotchkiss: Administration - Craig Bradley, 15th Head of School". The Hotchkiss School. 2014. Archived from the original on February 14, 2010. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
- "About Hotchkiss: History & Traditions". Hotchkiss School. 2014. Archived from the original on November 20, 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- a "With the guidance of then President of Yale University Timothy Dwight, Maria Hotchkiss established the School in 1891 to prepare young men for Yale...Hotchkiss offers a classical education, finding strength in a traditional approach that has worked well and stood the test of time." — ¶ 2 (Strengthened by Time)
- b "The week leading up to and including “Taft Day," the Saturday in the fall when Hotchkiss teams compete against the Taft School. From kickoff night to the Friday night pep rally and bonfire to Taft Day itself, blue and white rule." — ¶ 14 (Sprit Day, right sidebar)
- c "When the Hotchkiss School opened its doors in 1892, the first 50 boys were charged a boarding tuition of $600--more than many families could afford. But fortunately, Maria Hotchkiss had insisted on something unique in allocating the funds to establish the School: Hotchkiss would offer scholarship aid to deserving students." — ¶ 3 (A 123-Year Policy)
- d "Three years later, in September 1974, 88 young women entered Hotchkiss as preps, lower-mids, upper-mids, and seniors. Today, the number of boys and girls attending Hotchkiss is roughly equal." — ¶ 4 (Coeducation)
- e "As early as 1912 students from China have come to Hotchkiss...He also enabled Hotchkiss students to study abroad by having the School join the English-Speaking Union program and through the inception of the International Schoolboy Exchange in 1928. Today, the Hotchkiss student body includes students from 34 countries, and on average 5 to 10 students study abroad each year with the School Year Abroad program. Begun by the Class of 1948, The Fund for Global Understanding provides grant support for students participating in summer community service projects throughout the world. Hotchkiss is also a member of Round Square and Global Connections..." — ¶ 5 (Globally Connected)
- f "From the beginning, Maria Hotchkiss was not interested in establishing “a school for the pampered sons of rich gentlemen.”...In the 1960s Hotchkiss began its first formal participation in minority student recruitment programs such as the U.S. Grant Program – begun by Hotchkiss graduates attending Yale – as well as A Better Chance (ABC) and the Greater Opportunity (GO) Program. The Hotchkiss connection with Prep for Prep, an organization that helps prepare minority students for academically demanding independent schools, began in the early 1980s. Today, 43 percent of Hotchkiss students identify themselves as students of color." — ¶ 6 (Lessons of Differences)
- g "Of our 600 students, 21 percent come from countries other than the U.S."— ¶ 8 (Hotchkiss Today)
- "Athletics: Bearcat Athletics". The Hotchkiss School. 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "The High Schools With The Highest SAT/ACT Scores In The Nation". Huffington Post. January 23, 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "About Hotchkiss: Life At Hotchkiss - Clubs & Activities". The Hotchkiss School. Archived from the original on January 31, 2010. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "Taft-Hotchkiss Rivalry Heats Up: Saturday is Hotchkiss Day: Show your spirit!". Taft School. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- a "It is Spirit Week on campus as the excitement builds for Hotchkiss Day this Saturday, November 12. It will be an exciting day for Taft sports, as many of our teams travel north in the hopes of extending their winning records and defending Taft’s name against our perennial rival." — ¶ 1
- Kim, Josh (May 14, 2010). "The Eight Schools Association: Who? What? When? Where? Why?". Choate Rosemary Hall. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
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- Vassallo, Damien (August 2011). "RSIS South Africa Project - July 2011: Leader's Report" (PDF). Round Square. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "Membership - School Profiles: The Hotchkiss School". Green Schools Alliance. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
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- Bowen, John G. "Alumni Accomplishments - A Closer Look: George Van Santvoord '08". Hotchkiss School. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- Kolowrat, Ernest (1992). Hotchkiss: A Chronicle of an American School. Hotchkiss School. ISBN 9781461700180. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- a "Be a gentleman! That was the only rule, the Duke always liked to say, that the school truly had."— Pg. 33, ¶ 2
- Birmingham, Stephen (1987). "America's Secret Aristocracy". Little, Brown and Company. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- a "His school, the Duke used to say (Hotchkiss) had only one rule, and that was "Be a gentleman," How he defined what a gentleman was he did not say, but what a gentleman was usually became clear when you discovered what a gentleman wasn't. A gentleman didn't cheat. he didn't lie. A gentleman wasn't petty. A gentleman wasn't intolerant of others' shortcomings. A gentleman wasn't a whiner, wasn't a gossip, wasn't a boor, wasn't inconsiderate of others' feelings..."
- "American Legends Interviews - Louis Auchincloss: The Rector of Justin". American Legends. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- a "George Van Santvoord (1891-1975), whose distinguished bearing earned him the nickname the Duke. Van Santvoord, and his predecessor who was known as the King, claimed that at Hotchkiss there was only one rule for students to follow: Be a gentleman."— ¶ 2
- Shields, David D. (Summer 2014). "Hotchkiss Magazine: Summer 2014". Hotchkiss School. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- a "And the number-one rule in the Blue Book—Be a gentleman."— Pg. 24, last ¶
- "Education: The Duke Steps Down". TIME. November 1, 1954. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
- a "Of all U.S. prep schools, few, if any, can beat the standards Hotchkiss has set. — ¶ 2
- "Jose A. Camprubi, Newspaper Owner". New York Times. New York. March 13, 1942. p. 19.
- Branch, Mark Alden (October 2002). "A Firm Foundation: How does an ever-changing cast of undergraduates keep an educational program for New Haven schoolchildren going for 50 years? For the Ulysses S. Grant Foundation, the answer is adaptability". Yale Alumni Magazine. pp. 2, 6. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
But Eugene Van Voorhis '55, ‘58LLB remembers when things were different. When Van Voorhis came to Yale from Hotchkiss in 1951, reaching out to New Haven "wasn't the 'shoe' thing to do," he recalls. Undaunted, Van Voorhis started a group to tutor middle school-aged African American students with an eye toward getting them admitted into elite boarding schools at a time when African American applicants were virtually unheard of in such places. Two years later, he incorporated his venture as the Ulysses S. Grant Foundation."... "After two years of tutoring, the first "graduate," Barry Loncke, was admitted to Hotchkiss. Four years later, he was admitted to Yale College in the Class of 1962; he is now a Superior Court judge in Sacramento, California.
- "Participating Schools: Independent Boarding Schools - Connecticut". A Better Chance Program. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- Miller, Chloe (July 19, 2013). "Reunion Held For Hotchkiss School's GO Program: Inner-City Kids Spent Summers At Private School". Hartford Courant. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
The people that live up there would invite us on the weekends into their homes, to go to church with them and whatnot. There were a lot of families involved to take on all us inner-city kids, and the racial barrier was totally broken," Collins, who is black, said of the mostly white families who took the boys into their homes in Lakeville.
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- "Connecticut Boarding School Says 7 Former Staffers Sexually Abused Students". HuffPost. August 19, 2018. Retrieved August 31, 2019.
- "About Hotchkiss: International Programs". The Hotchkiss School. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
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- "Trophy Case: District Championships". Interscholastic Sailing Association. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
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Mr. Bush, who grew up in Greenwich and graduated from the Hotchkiss School and Yale University, is a bit of a musician himself, he said recently.
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After graduating from the Hotchkiss School in 1923, Mr. Field entered Harvard.
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