John Fenton-Cawthorne (5 January 1753 – 1 March 1831) was a British Conservative politician, who served as MP for Lincoln between 1783 and 1796 and as MP for Lancaster for four terms in the early 19th century.
|Born||5 January 1753|
|Died||1 March 1831(aged 78)|
|Occupation||British Member of Parliament|
Fenton-Cawthorne was born in 1753 to Elizabeth née Cawthorne and James Fenton of Lancaster, a barrister, and educated at Queen’s College, Oxford (1771) and Gray's Inn (1792). He succeeded to the Cawthorne estate in 1781 and took the additional surname of Cawthorne.
He was first elected as an MP for Lincoln in January 1783 and was an opponent of the abolition of the slave trade.
On 27 November 1795, as Colonel of the Westminster Regiment of Middlesex Militia, Fenton-Cawthorne was arraigned before a court-martial on 14 charges including that of embezzling "marching guineas" paid to militia men of the British Army. Found guilty on seven of the charges, he was cashiered as "unworthy of serving His Majesty in any military capacity whatever" having "acted fraudulently and in a scandalous and infamous manner".
Fenton-Cawthorne returned to Parliament in 1806 as MP for Lancaster. His older brother also entered Parliament at the same time as MP for Fife.
He married Frances Delaval (1759–1838), the daughter and coheiress of John Delaval, 1st Baron Delaval.
- History of Parliament Trust; Thorne, R.G. (1986). The House of Commons, 1790-1820. Published for the History of Parliament Trust by Secker & Warburg. ISBN 9780436521010.
- Cobbett, W.; Wright, J.; Hansard, T.C.; Great Britain. Parliament (1818). The Parliamentary History of England, from the Earliest Period to the Year 1803: From which Last-mentioned Epoch it is Continued Downwards in the Work Entitled "Hansard's Parliamentary Debates". T.C. Hansard.
- James, Charles (1820). A Collection of the Charges, Opinions, and Sentences of General Courts Martial: As Published by Authority; from the Year 1795 to the Present Time; Intended to Serve as an Appendix to Tytler's Treatise on Military Law, and Forming a Book of Cases and References; with a Copious Index. T. Egerton. pp. 1–21.
- "Births, Marriages, and Deaths". Chester Courant. 8 March 1831. Retrieved 20 December 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive.