Joseph Leslie Sample (February 1, 1939 – September 12, 2014) was an American pianist, keyboard player, and composer. He was one of the founding members of the Jazz Crusaders, the band which became simply the Crusaders in 1971, and remained a part of the group until its final album in 1991 (not including the 2003 reunion album Rural Renewal).
Sample in 2008
|Birth name||Joseph Leslie Sample|
|Born||February 1, 1939|
Houston, Texas, U.S.
|Died||September 12, 2014 (aged 75)|
Houston, Texas, U.S.
|Occupation(s)||Singer, songwriter, composer|
|Labels||Blue Thumb, MCA, GRP, Warner Bros., Verve, ABC|
|Associated acts||Jazz Crusaders, Steely Dan, Michael Franks, Lalah Hathaway, India.Arie|
Beginning in the 1970s, he enjoyed a successful solo career and guested on many recordings by other performers and groups, including Miles Davis, George Benson, Jimmy Witherspoon, B. B. King, Eric Clapton, Steely Dan, Joni Mitchell, Anita Baker, and the Supremes. Sample incorporated jazz, gospel, blues, Latin, and classical forms into his music.
Sample was born in Houston, Texas, on February 1, 1939, the youngest son of Alexander Sample, a mail-carrier, and Agatha (née Osborne) Sample, a seamstress. Sample began to play the piano at age 5. He was a student of the organist and pianist (Theodore or T.) Curtis Mayo.
In high school in the 1950s, Sample teamed up with friends saxophonist Wilton Felder and drummer "Stix" Hooper to form a group called the Swingsters. While studying piano at Texas Southern University, Sample met and added trombonist Wayne Henderson and several other players to the Swingsters, which became the Modern Jazz Sextet and then the Jazz Crusaders, in emulation of one of the leading progressive jazz bands of the day, Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers. Sample never took a degree from the university; instead, in 1960, he and the Jazz Crusaders made the move from Houston to Los Angeles. He was a member of Phi Beta Sigma fraternity.
The group quickly found opportunities on the West Coast, making its first recording, Freedom Sounds in 1961 and releasing up to four albums a year over much of the 1960s. The Jazz Crusaders played at first in the dominant hard bop style of the day, standing out by virtue of their unusual front-line combination of saxophone (played by Wilton Felder) and Henderson's trombone. Another distinctive quality was the funky, rhythmically appealing acoustic piano playing of Sample, who helped steer the group's sound into a fusion between jazz and soul in the late 1960s. The Jazz Crusaders became a strong concert draw during those years.
While Sample and his band mates continued to work together, he and the other band members pursued individual work as well. In 1969 Sample made his first recording under his own name; Fancy Dance featured the pianist as part of a jazz trio. In the 1970s, as the Jazz Crusaders became simply the Crusaders and branched out into popular sounds, Sample became known as a Los Angeles studio musician, appearing on recordings by the likes of Joni Mitchell, Marvin Gaye, Tina Turner, B. B. King, Joe Cocker, Minnie Riperton, Anita Baker and The Supremes. In 1975 he went into the studios with jazz legends Ray Brown on bass, and drummer Shelly Manne to produce a then state-of-the-art recording direct to disc entitled The Three. About this time Blue Note Records reissued some of the early work by the Jazz Crusaders as "The Young Rabbits". This was a compilation of their recordings done between 1962 and 1968.
The electric keyboard was fairly new in the sixties, and Sample became one of the instrument's pioneers. He began to use the electric piano while the group retained their original name, and the group hit a commercial high-water mark with the hit single "Street Life" and the album of the same name in 1979. In 1978 he recorded Swing Street Café with guitarist David T. Walker.
The Crusaders, after losing several key members, broke up after recording Life in the Modern World for the GRP label in 1987. Despite the disbanding of the Crusaders, the members would join each other to record periodically over the years, releasing Healing the Wounds in the early 1990s. Felder, Hooper, and Sample recorded their first album, called Rural Renewal, as the reunited Crusaders group in 2003 and played a concert in Japan in 2004.
After Sample's A Fancy Dance (1969), he recorded several solo albums, including Sample This, produced by George Duke.
GRP also released Joe Sample Collection, and a three-disc Crusaders Collection, as testament to Sample's enduring legacy. Some of the pianist's recent recordings are The Song Lives On (1999), featuring duets with singer Lalah Hathaway, and The Pecan Tree (2002), a tribute to his hometown of Houston, where he relocated in 1994. His 2004 album on Verve, Soul Shadows, paid tribute to Duke Ellington and Jelly Roll Morton, and pre-jazz bandleader James Reese Europe. In 2007 he recorded Feeling Good with vocalist Randy Crawford. In the mid-seventies, Crusaders added guitarist Larry Carlton.
Sample appeared on stage at The Waterfront Hall, Belfast, Northern Ireland, on 28 May 2000, playing keyboard solo on George Benson's Deeper Than You Think. This concert was recorded and a DVD entitled George Benson: Absolutely Live was subsequently released. A studio version of Deeper Than You Think was recorded featuring Joe Sample in New York in May 1999 during sessions for a Benson collection which took the title Absolutely Benson. Fans again believe there may have been other collaborations of Sample - Benson which remain in the vaults unreleased.
Some of his works were featured on The Weather Channel's "Local on the 8s" segments and his song "Rainbow Seeker" is included in their 2008 compilation release, The Weather Channel Presents: Smooth Jazz II. Nicole Kidman sang his song "One Day I'll Fly Away" in the Baz Luhrmann film Moulin Rouge! The very popular "In All My Wildest Dreams", also from the 1978 album Rainbow Seeker, was sampled on Tupac's "Dear Mama", De la Soul's "WRMS's Dedication to the Bitty", Toni Braxton's "What's Good" and Arrested Development's "Africa's Inside Me".
Sample died of mesothelioma in Houston, Texas, at the age of 75. His survivors included his son, bassist Nicklas Sample (with ex-wife Marianne), who is a member of the Coryell Auger Sample Trio featuring Julian Coryell and Karma Auger.
|Fancy Dance [originally titled Try Us]||1969||Gazell|
|The Three (with Ray Brown, Shelly Manne)||1976||East Wind|
|Rainbow Seeker||1978||ABC/MCA; Blue Thumb|
|Carmel||1979||ABC/MCA; Blue Thumb|
|Voices in the Rain||1981||MCA Jazz|
|Swing Street Cafe (with David T. Walker)||1981||Crusaders; Verve|
|The Hunter||1983||MCA Jazz|
|Ashes to Ashes||1990||Warner Bros.|
|Did You Feel That?||1994||Warner Bros.|
|Old Places Old Faces||1996||Warner Bros.|
|Sample This||1997||Warner Bros.|
|The Song Lives On (with Lalah Hathaway)||1999||GRP|
|The Pecan Tree||2002||Verve|
|Creole Love Call (with Nils Landgren)||2006||ACT|
|Feeling Good (with Randy Crawford & Steve Gadd)||2007||PRA|
|No Regrets (with Randy Crawford & Steve Gadd)||2009||PRA|
|Live (with Randy Crawford, Steve Gadd & Nicklas Sample)||2012||PRA|
|Children of the Sun (with NDR Big band & Steve Gadd)||2014||PRA|
|Christmas with Friends (with India Arie)||2015||Motown|
- Freedom Sound (Pacific Jazz, 1961)
- Lookin' Ahead (Pacific Jazz, 1962)
- The Jazz Crusaders at the Lighthouse (Pacific Jazz, 1962)
- Tough Talk (Pacific Jazz, 1963)
- Heat Wave (Pacific Jazz, 1963)
- Jazz Waltz (Pacific Jazz, 1963) with Les McCann
- Stretchin' Out (Pacific Jazz, 1964)
- The Thing (Pacific Jazz, 1965)
- Chile Con Soul (Pacific Jazz, 1965)
- Live at the Lighthouse '66 (Pacific Jazz, 1966)
- Talk That Talk (Pacific Jazz, 1966)
- The Festival Album (Pacific Jazz, 1966)
- Uh Huh (Pacific Jazz, 1967)
- Lighthouse '68 (Pacific Jazz, 1968)
- Powerhouse (Pacific Jazz, 1969)
- Lighthouse '69 (Pacific Jazz, 1969)
- Give Peace a Chance (Liberty, 1970)
- Old Socks New Shoes – New Socks Old Shoes (Chisa, 1970)
- Pass the Plate (Chisa, 1971)
- Hollywood (MoWest, 1972)
- Crusaders 1 (Blue Thumb, 1972)
- The 2nd Crusade (Blue Thumb, 1973)
- Unsung Heroes (Blue Thumb, 1973)
- Scratch (Blue Thumb, 1974)
- Southern Comfort (Blue Thumb, 1974)
- Chain Reaction (ABC/Blue Thumb, 1975)
- Those Southern Knights (ABC/Blue Thumb, 1976)
- Free as the Wind (ABC/Blue Thumb, 1977)
- Images (ABC/Blue Thumb, 1978)
- Street Life (MCA, 1979)
- Rhapsody and Blues (MCA, 1980)
- Standing Tall (MCA, 1981)
- Live in Japan (Crusaders, 1981; GRP, 1993)
- Royal Jam (MCA, 1982) with B.B. King
- Ghetto Blaster (MCA, 1984)
- The Good and the Bad Times (MCA, 1986)
- Life in the Modern World (MCA, 1988)
- Healing the Wounds (GRP, 1991)
- Rural Renewal (Verve, 2003)
With CreoleJoe Band
- CreoleJoe Band (PRA, 2013)
With Gene Ammons
With Kenny Burrell
With Michael Franks
- The Art of Tea (Reprise, 1975)
- Welcome Home (World Pacific, 1968)
With Milt Jackson
- Memphis Jackson (Impulse!, 1969)
With Al Jarreau
- Tenderness (Reprise, 1994)
With B.B. King
- Midnight Believer (ABC, 1978)
- Take It Home (MCA, 1979)
- There Is Always One More Time (MCA Records, 1991)
- Reflections (MCA Records, 2003)
With Rod Stewart
- Stardust: The Great American Songbook, Volume III (J Records, 2004)
- Fly Me to the Moon... The Great American Songbook Volume V (J Records, 2010)
With Natalie Cole
With Jerry Butler
- Power Of Love (Mercury Records, 1973)
With Marvin Gaye
- Let's Get It On (Motown, 1973)
With Harold Land
- The Peace-Maker (Cadet, 1968)
With Minnie Riperton
- Adventures in Paradise (Epic Records, 1975)
With Bobby Hutcherson
- San Francisco (Blue Note, 1971)
With Paul Anka
- The Painter (United Artists Records, 1976)
With Boz Scaggs
- Slow Dancer (Columbia Records, 1974)
With George Benson
With Carmen McRae
- Can't Hide Love (Blue Note, 1976)
With Joan Baez
With Tina Turner
- Private Dancer (Capitol Records, 1984)
With Brenda Russell
- Get Here (A&M Records, 1988)
With Melissa Manchester
- Don't Cry Out Loud (Arista Records, 1978)
With Blue Mitchell
With Joni Mitchell
With Dion DiMucci
- Born to Be with You (Phil Spector Records, 1975)
With Ringo Starr
- Stop and Smell the Roses (RCA Records, 1981)
With Martha Reeves
- Martha Reeves (MCA Records, 1974)
With Albert King
- Albert (Tomato Records, 1976)
- Truckload of Lovin' (Tomato Records, 1976)
With Lalo Schifrin
- Enter the Dragon (soundtrack) (Warner Bros., 1973)
With Michael Franks
- The Art of Tea (Reprise Records, 1975)
With Randy Crawford
- Everything Must Change (Warner Bros. Records, 1976)
- Now We May Begin (Warner Bros. Records, 1980)
- Through The Eyes of Love (Warner Bros. Records, 1992)
- Feeling Good (Emarcy, 2006)
- No Regrets (Emarcy, 2008)
With Solomon Burke
- Electronic Magnetism (MGM, 1971)
With Eric Clapton
With Gloria Jones
- Windstorm (Capitol Records, 1978)
With Johnny Rivers
- Outside Help (Big Tree Records, 1977)
With The Rippingtons
- Welcome to the St. James' Club (GRP, 1990)
With Sonny & Cher
- Mama Was a Rock and Roll Singer, Papa Used to Write All Her Songs (MCA Records, 1973)
With Anita Baker
With Steely Dan
With Stanley Turrentine
- Everybody Come On Out (Fantasy, 1976)
With Dusty Springfield
- It Begins Again (Mercury Records, 1978)
- Henderson, Alex. "Joe Sample Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
- Berendt, Joachim E (1976). The Jazz Book. Paladin. p. 387.
- Keepnews, Peter (September 14, 2014). "Joe Sample, Crusaders Pianist Who Went Electric, Dies at 75". The New York Times. p. D10.
- "Jazz-funk pioneer Joe Sample dies at 75". The Washington Post. Associated Press. September 13, 2014.
- Chawkins, Steve (September 14, 2014). "Joe Sample dies at 75; jazz-funk keyboardist founded the Crusaders". Los Angeles Times.
- Khatchatourian, Maane (September 13, 2014). "Joe Sample, Iconic Jazz Pianist, Dies at 75". Variety. ISSN 0042-2738.
- "Squared Roots: Jonatha Brooke on the rhythm and groove of Joe Sample". The Bluegrass Situation. November 9, 2016.
- Rosen, Jody (June 25, 2019). "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2019.
- "Prestige Records Catalog Series 10000". Jazzdisco.org. Retrieved August 23, 2014.
- "'Round Midnight Kenny Burrell". Concordmusicgroup.com. Retrieved August 23, 2014.
- "Riding with the King - B.B. King, Eric Clapton - Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
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