Arrested Development (group)
Arrested Development is an American hip hop group that formed in Atlanta in 1988. It was founded by Speech and Headliner as a positive, Afrocentric alternative to the gangsta rap popular in the late 1980s. Baba Oje and frontman Speech met at the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee when they were both students. Baba Oje was 57 years old at the time.
|Origin||Atlanta, Georgia, United States|
|Years active||1988–1996, 2000–present|
|Labels||Vagabond Records & Tapes|
Jason "JJ Boogie" Reichert
Baba Oje (deceased)
Isaiah "Zā" Williams
Arrested Development was formed in 1988 by rapper and producer Todd Thomas ("Speech") and turntablist Timothy Barnwell (known as Headliner). The group's debut album 3 Years, 5 Months and 2 Days in the Life Of... was the number-one album in the Village Voice's 1992 Pazz and Jop Critic's Poll and in The Wire's 1992 Critic's choice. The group won two Grammy Awards in 1993 for Best New Artist, making them the first hip hop artist to win this award and Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group, and were named Band of the Year by Rolling Stone. The debut album sold over 6 million copies worldwide.
A few months later, the group was approached by film director Spike Lee to compose a song for his upcoming biopic based on the life of Malcolm X. The group then recorded "Revolution", which appeared on the oldies-dominated soundtrack for the film as well as the second half of its closing credits when the film was released in 1992.
Their 1994 follow-up Zingalamaduni sold poorly, and they broke up shortly after in 1996. The group reunited in 2000, touring and releasing records via Speech's Vagabond Productions, but Aerle Taree did not return due to vocal problems. Today Aerle is a poet and converted from Buddhism to Christianity. DJ Headliner started his own business named Creative Royalty Group. In 2010, Baba Oje had a stroke.
In November 2003, the group sued the Fox network over the name of the TV show Arrested Development.[better source needed] The suit is referenced in the Arrested Development episodes "Public Relations", "Motherboy XXX", "Sword of Destiny", and "For British Eyes Only".
In June 2005, the group won the first round of the television series contest Hit Me, Baby, One More Time, performing "Tennessee" and covering Los Lonely Boys' "Heaven" and donated the $20,000 proceeds to UNICEF.
The group's follow-up to their 2004 Among The Trees was Since the Last Time, released internationally on September 18, 2006. Since the Last Time was released in the United States on October 30, 2007 on Vagabond Record & Tapes, Speech's boutique label.
In March 2007, they toured Australia as part of a triple-bill, along with Simple Minds and INXS. In 2008, Arrested Development teamed with The Black Eyed Peas and performed at The Concert for Peace in Jerusalem, Israel to promote peace among Palestinians and Israelis. Also in 2008, Arrested Development visited and sang with Debbie Peagler, an incarcerated survivor of domestic violence, and the inmate gospel choir that Peagler led at a California women's prison. Their visit was meant to support Peagler's legal battle for her release from prison and call attention to the plight of other victims of abuse and wrongful incarceration. The collaborative performance is included in Yoav Potash's documentary film Crime After Crime.
In 2010, the group released their ninth album Strong under Vagabond Records and Tapes, and licensed to the Japanese record label Cutting Edge, on December 9, 2009, and had a top 10 hit in Japan with the single "The World Is Changing". In an interview with Songfacts, Speech explained that the track "Greener" takes on the issue of climate change from the perspective of the African-American community.
On January 8, 2011, they with Emmylou Harris performed at the festival first night of the Sydney Festival in Sydney, Australia to 50,000 people. In August 2012, the group released its tenth album Standing at the Crossroads, recorded while touring internationally. The album, given away for free from the group's official website, took a lo-fi approach and was recorded entirely on a Mac laptop. The same month, they announced a new tour throughout the United States and Australia to celebrate their 20th anniversary.
On October 9, 2016, Arrested Development performed at the Delicious Festival in South Africa. A line up that included The Jacksons, Macy Gray, De La Soul, Elements of Life, Roy Ayers and local food celebrities Reuben Riffel, and Sarah Graham. The next day, members of Arrested Development drove to a orphanage Soweto, then paid homage to Nelson Mandela at the location of his home.
In January 2018, Arrested Development performed on the Trumpet Awards television show. 
On September 5, 2019, Arrested Development was given an award from Black Music Honors, which acknowledges artists that have made a significant contribution to African-American music.
- Speech - Lead Vocals, producer (1988–1996, 2000–present)
- One Love - Vocals (2001–present)
- Jason "JJ Boogie" Reichert - Guitarist, Mix engineer & Producer (2000–present)
- Tasha Larae - Vocals (2008–present)
- Fareedah Aleem - Vocals, Dance & Choreography (2004-present)
- Headliner - Turntables (1988–1996)
- Rasa Don - Drums & vocals (1990-1996, 2000–2006)
- Montsho Eshe - Dancer/Choreographer, vocals (1990–1996, 2000–2012)
- Isaiah 'Za' Williams III - Bass (1996, 2000–2018)
- Aerle Taree - Vocals/Stylist (1990–1996)
- Baba Oje - Spiritual Elder (1990–1996, 2000–2018; his death)
- Foley - Bass (1994–1996)
- Ajile - Vocals (1994–1995)
- Kwesi Asuo - Vocals (1994–1996)
- Nadirah Shakoor - Vocals (1994–1996)
- Nicha Hilliard - Vocals/Dancer (1996, 2000–2008)
- Kamaal Malak - (1994-1996)
|Year||Album details||Peak chart positions||Certification|
|1992||3 Years, 5 Months and 2 Days in the Life Of...
|2000||Da Feelin' EP
|2001||Heroes of the Harvest
|2004||Among the Trees
|2006||Since the Last Time
|2012||Standing at the Crossroads
|2016||Changing the Narrative
|2016||This Was Never Home
|2018||Craft & Optics
- 1998: Best of Arrested Development
- 2001: Greatest Hits
|Year||Title||Peak chart positions||Certifications||Album|
|1992||"Tennessee"||6||1||34||14||—||27||34||12||24||18||3 Years, 5 Months & 2 Days in the Life Of...|
|"Revolution"||90||49||—||—||Malcolm X (Music from the Motion Picture Soundtrack)|
|1993||"Natural"||—||90||—||59||—||—||—||34||—||—||3 Years, 5 Months & 2 Days in the Life Of...|
|"Mama's Always on Stage"||—||—||—||—||—||—||22||—||—||—|
|"Ease My Mind"||45||14||—||43||—||—||—||11||—||33|
|"Africa's Inside Me"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|2000||"If Dey Ask"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Da Feelin' EP|
|"Hit the Road Jack"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Heroes of the Harvest|
|2004||"Honeymoon Day"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Among the Trees|
|2005||"A Lotta Things To Do"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|2006||"Down & Dirty (Clap Your Hands)"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Since the Last Time|
|2010||"The World Is Changing"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Strong|
|2011||"Living"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Standing at the Crossroads|
|2016||"Up"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||This Was Never Home|
|"I Don't See You At The Club"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Changing the Narrative|
- "Robert Christgau: Pazz & Jop 1992: Critics Poll". Robertchristgau.com. Retrieved October 18, 2019.
- "The Wire 30 records of 1992". Discogs.com. 1993-01-01. Retrieved 2014-07-17.
- "13 years later, Arrested Development returns". Today.com. October 30, 2007. Retrieved October 18, 2019.
- Alexander, Andrew. (2009-07-15) Speakeasy with poet Aerle Taree | Speakeasy with ... | Creative Loafing Atlanta. Clatl.com. Retrieved on 2014-04-24.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-04-21. Retrieved 2016-09-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Wayback Machine". Web.archive.org. April 24, 2014.
- "Arrested Development Sue Fox". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2014-12-08.
- Smith, Nigel M. (June 30, 2011). "IN HIS OWN WORDS | Yoav Potash Shares a Scene from "Crime After Crime"". Indiewire.com.
- "Greener". Songfacts.com. Retrieved 2010-03-09.
- "Arrested Development » Standing At The Crossroads - 13 FREE Songs". Arresteddevelopmentmusic.com. Archived from the original on 2012-08-14. Retrieved 2012-09-12.
- https://www.trumpetawards.com. Missing or empty
- "Arrested Development Member Baba Oje Has Died at Age 87". Essence.com. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
- "Baba Oje, Arrested Development's Spiritual Guru, Dead at 86". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
- "The word from Speech: Arrested Development still growing". Tahoe Onstage | Lake Tahoe music concerts and sports. 2020-02-27. Retrieved 2020-05-02.
- "Craft & Optics — ARRESTED DEVELOPMENT". Arresteddevelopmentmusic.com. Retrieved October 18, 2019.
- https://www.16barsthefilm.com. Missing or empty
- https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/07/movies/16-bars-review.html. Missing or empty
- "Black Music Honors | African American Music". Blackmusichonors.com. Retrieved October 18, 2019.
- Arrested Development - Chart history. Billboard. Retrieved on 2014-04-24.
- Arrested Development - Chart history. Billboard. Retrieved on 2014-04-24.
- Australian (ARIA) chart peaks:
- Top 50 peaks: "australian-charts.com > Arrested Development in Australian Charts". Hung Medien. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- Top 100 peaks to December 2010: Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988–2010. Mt. Martha, VIC, Australia: Moonlight Publishing.
- German chart peaks:
- "Tennessee": "Arrested Development – Tennessee (single)" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- "Mr. Wendal/Revolution": "Arrested Development – Mr. Wendal/Revolution (single)" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- 3 Years, 5 Months and 2 Days in the Life of...: "Arrested Development – 3 Years, 5 Months and 2 Days in the Life of... (album)" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- Zingalamaduni: "Arrested Development – Zingalamaduni (album)" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- Among the Trees: "Arrested Development – Among the Trees (album)" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- "dutchcharts.nl > Arrested Development in Dutch Charts" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- "charts.nz > Arrested Development in New Zealand Charts". Hung Medien. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- "Official Charts > Arrested Development". The Official UK Charts Company. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- "1993 ARIA Albums Chart". ARIA. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- "Gold & Platinum searchable database". Musiccanada.com. Archived from the original on 2016-06-24. Retrieved 2014-10-05.
- "Gold & Platinum searchable database". RIAA.com. Retrieved 2014-10-05.
- "Certified Awards". BPI.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-10-05.
- "STRONG : Arrested Development : avex network". Avexnet.jp. Archived from the original on 2012-02-25. Retrieved 2012-01-03.
- "Arrested Development - Standing At The Crossroads (Album Review)". Thewordisbond.com. Retrieved 2012-09-12.
- Pace, Brian (February 2016). "The Pace Report: "Narrative Homeward" The Arrested Development Interview". Vimeo.com. Retrieved 2016-02-20.
- Johnson, Victoria. "Arrested Development's Speech On New Album, Kendrick Lamar and Black Lives Matter [INTERVIEW]". Theboombox.com. Retrieved October 18, 2019.
- "Billboard > Artists / Arrested Development > Chart History > The Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- "Billboard > Artists / Arrested Development > Chart History > Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- "Billboard > Artists / Arrested Development > Chart History > Dance Club Songs". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- "lescharts.com > Arrested Development dans les Charts Français" (in French). Hung Medien. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- "swedishcharts.com > Arrested Development in Swedish Charts". Hung Medien. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- "Gold & Platinum: Arrested Development". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
- "BPI Awards - bpi" (To access, enter the search parameter "Arrested Development" and select "Search by Keyword"). British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved April 20, 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arrested Development.|
- Arrested Development
- Arrested Development Japan
- Aerle Taree
- Radio Interview. Dec 2006 – 3SYN 90.7FM Melbourne, Australia
- Arrested Development video interview at allaboutjazz.com
|Awards and achievements|
| Grammy Award for Best New Artist
DJ Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Prince
| Grammy Award for Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group