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Joe Daniels (1869–1896) was an American Thoroughbred racehorse and stallion who won the sixth Belmont Stakes in 1872. Bred in Kentucky, Joe Daniels won two stakes races as a two-year-old and then the Belmont as a three-year-old when he also won a number of other stakes races, and some match races in California. As a four-year-old, he won one further stakes race before retiring with a record of 29 starts for 16 wins. He sired two stakes winning horses during his breeding career.

Joe Daniels
GrandsireWest Australian
DamDolly Carter
CountryUnited States
BreederA. J. Alexander
OwnerDavid McDaniel
TrainerDavid McDaniel
JockeyJames G. Rowe, Sr.
Record29 starts, 16 wins
Earnings$45,870 (approximately $1,016,000 today)
Major wins
Belmont Stakes (1872)
Jerome Handicap (1872)
Travers Stakes (1872)
Kenner Stakes (1872)
Saratoga Breeders' Cup Handicap (1873)


Early lifeEdit

Joe Daniels was sired by the imported stallion Australian and out of the mare Dolly Carter. She was by the imported stallion Glencoe out of the mare Mavis who was sired by Wagner. Joe Daniels was foaled in 1869 and was a chestnut stallion, bred by A. J. Alexander of Woodburn Stud in Kentucky.[1] He was the second of three of Dolly Carter's stakes winning horses. Sanford, an 1865 stallion, won the 1869 Fordham Handicap and her 1875 filly won the 1877 Kentucky Stakes.[2] Joe Daniels was one of 26 stakes winning foals sired by Australian.[3]

Racing careerEdit

As a two-year-old, Joe Daniels won the 1871 Nursery Handicap at Morris Park in New York, and the Central Stakes.[2] His time for the 1 mile (1,600 meters) Nursery while carrying 100 pounds (45 kilograms) was 1 minute 53 seconds. He defeated Alarm (second) and Woodbine (third) to win $2,750 (about $58,000 today).[4][5]

Joe Daniels won the sixth running of the Belmont Stakes in 1872 at Jerome Park Racetrack, carrying 110 pounds (50 kilograms), in 2 minutes 56.24 seconds, to win $4,500 (about $94,000 today).[4][6] The race was run on June 1 over a distance of ​1 58 miles (i.e. 13 furlongs (2,600 meters)) on a fast track. He finished 1 ​34 lengths in front of Meteor, with Shylock third.[7] His jockey, James Rowe, Sr., later became a noted trainer.[8] This was the second of three consecutive wins of the Belmont Stakes by David McDaniel as owner/trainer. He was successful in the 1871 event with Harry Bassett and later in 1873 with Springbok.[6]

Also in 1872, Joe Daniels won the Jerome Handicap, Travers Stakes, Kenner Stakes and Annual Stakes.[2] He carried 110 pounds (50 kg) in the 2 miles (3,200 m) Jerome which was for three-year-olds at Jerome Park. He defeated Mate (second) and Meteor (third) in a time of 3 minutes and 49​14 seconds for a prize of $4450 (about $93,000 [4]).[9] In the Kenner Stakes that year at Saratoga, New York, also over two miles for three-year-olds, Joe Daniels again carried 110 pounds (50 kg) to victory, in 3 minutes and 49 seconds.[10] Second place went to Meteor and third to London. The race was worth $4,400 (approximately $92,000 today) to the winner [4][10] He won the 1872 Travers from Silent Friend (second) and Wade Hampton (third), carrying 110 pounds (50 kg) again over 1 14 miles (2,000 m) in 3 minutes 8​14 seconds for a purse of $5,500 (about $115,000 today).[4][11]

During the later part of Joe Daniels' three-year-old year, he was sold to G. A. Johnson, who sent him west to California to race against Thad Stevens. On October 18, 1872, the two horses raced in a three heat race, each heat run at the distance of 4 miles (6,400 m). Joe Daniels captured the first heat, but Thad Stevens triumphed in the second and third heats to win the race. The two horses met again on November 15, where there were four heats of 4 miles (6,400 m) each. Two other horses raced with Thad Stevens and Joe Daniels: True Blue and Mamie Hall. Joe Daniels won the first heat, came in second to True Blue in the second heat, second in the third heat to Thad Stevens, and again was second in the last heat to Thad Stevens.[12] On Christmas Day, 1873, Joe Daniels beat Nell Flaherty in a match race held in San Francisco at a distance of 1 12 miles (2,400 m), winning in a time of 2 minutes, 46 seconds.[13]

At four years of age, Joe Daniels won the 1873 Saratoga Cup.[2] This was a race restricted to three-year-olds and older and run at Saratoga, New York. The distance was 2 12 miles (4,000 m) and he carried 108 pounds (49 kg) in his win. Coming in second was Harry Bassett and third place went to True Blue. The winning time was 4 minutes 10​34 seconds. The victory netted Joe Daniel's owner $1,700 (approximately $36,000 today).[4][14] Over his racing career, he started a total of 29 races and won 16 of them, with total earnings of $45,870 (approximately $1,016,000 today).[4][15]

Breeding careerEdit

During his breeding career, Joe Daniels sired two stakes winning horses: Hidalgo and Hoodlum.[16] Hidalgo was out of Electra, a daughter of American Eclipse. He was an 1882 colt and won the 1885 September Stakes, the 1886 Monmouth Handicap, and the 1887 Long Beach Handicap.[17] Hoodlum was out of Miss Clay, a daughter of Hindoo. He was an 1888 colt and won the 1890 Champagne Stakes.[16]

Joe Daniels died in November 1896 at Rancho del Paso in California.[18]


  1. ^ Bruce American Stud Book 1 p. 348
  2. ^ a b c d Hogan Index to Stakes Winners p. 183
  3. ^ Hogan Index to Stakes Winners pp. 533–534
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  5. ^ Daily Racing Form 1932 American Racing Manual pp. 286–288
  6. ^ a b New York Racing Association "Belmont Stakes" The Belmont Stakes
  7. ^ New York Racing Association "1872 Belmont" The Belmont Stakes
  8. ^ Robertson History of Thoroughbred Racing pp. 211–212
  9. ^ Daily Racing Form 1932 American Racing Manual pp. 245–246
  10. ^ a b Daily Racing Form 1932 American Racing Manual pp. 251–252
  11. ^ Daily Racing Form 1932 American Racing Manual pp. 335–337
  12. ^ Robertson History of Thoroughbred Racing pp. 113–116
  13. ^ Thoroughbred Times Staff Thoroughbred Times Racing Almanac 2008 p. 580
  14. ^ Daily Racing Form 1932 American Racing Manual pp. 310–312
  15. ^ Hewitt Great Breeders p. 18
  16. ^ a b Hogan Index to Stakes Winners p. 605
  17. ^ Hogan Index to Stakes Winners p. 193
  18. ^ Staff "Notes on the Turf" Daily Racing Form


  • Bruce, S. D. (1884). American Stud Book. 1 (Revised ed.). New York: Turf, Field, and Farm. OCLC 228769751.
  • Daily Racing Form (1932). 1932 American Racing Manual. Chicago, IL: Daily Racing Form Publishing. OCLC 222440702.
  • Hewitt, Abram S. (1982). The Great Breeders and Their Methods. Lexington, KY: Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association. OCLC 12739523.
  • Hogan, Clio D. (n.d.). Index to Stakes Winners 1865–1967. Solvang, CA: Flag Is Up Farms. OCLC 29213840.
  • New York Racing Association (2010). "1872 Belmont Stakes" (PDF). The Belmont Stakes. New York Racing Association. Archived from the original (pdf) on July 7, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2011.
  • New York Racing Association (2010). "Belmont Stakes". The Belmont Stakes. New York Racing Association. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2011.
  • Robertson, William H. P. (1964). The History of Thoroughbred Racing in America. New York: Bonanza Books. LCCN 64-17364.
  • Staff (December 1, 1896). "Notes of the turf". Daily Racing Form. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
  • Thoroughbred Times Staff (2007). Thoroughbred Times Racing Almanac 2008. Lexington, KY: Thoroughbred Times Books. ISBN 978-1-933958-38-5.

Further readingEdit