Saratoga Race Course

Saratoga Race Course is a Thoroughbred horse racing track located on Union Avenue in Saratoga Springs, New York, United States. Opened in 1863, it is often considered to be the oldest major sporting venue of any kind in the country,[2] but is actually the fourth oldest racetrack in the US (after 3rd oldest Pleasanton Fairgrounds Racetrack,[3] 2nd oldest Fair Grounds Race Course,[4] and oldest Freehold Raceway[5]). In 1857 the Empire Race Course was opened on an island in the Hudson River near Albany,[6] but was in operation only a short time.

Saratoga Race Course
Saratoga Race Course logo pic.PNG
SaratogaRaceCourseEntrance2.JPG
Gate A entrance to the race course
LocationSaratoga Springs, New York, U.S.
Coordinates43°04′18″N 73°46′07″W / 43.07167°N 73.76861°W / 43.07167; -73.76861Coordinates: 43°04′18″N 73°46′07″W / 43.07167°N 73.76861°W / 43.07167; -73.76861
Owned byState of New York
Operated byNew York Racing Association
Date openedAugust 3, 1863 (159 years ago) (1863-08-03)
Screened onMSG Plus (restricted to cable systems in New York City, Northern/Central New Jersey, Fairfield County, Connecticut and Northeastern Pennsylvania)
Capital OTB via WXXA Channel 23.2)
NYRA.com/NYRA Now app (Internet)
Altitude Sports (Rocky Mountains)
Fox Sports 2
Fox Sports Ohio
Fox Sports West and Prime Ticket (Southern California)
Fox Sports San Diego
NBC Sports Network[1]
NBC Television
Course typeFlat/Thoroughbred
Notable racesTravers Stakes (G1)
Whitney Handicap (G1)
Alabama Stakes (G1)
Jockey Club Gold Cup (G1)
Official website

The Saratoga meet originally lasted only four days.[7] The meet has been lengthened gradually since that time. From 1962 to 1990, the meet lasted four weeks and began in late July or early August. In 2010, the meet expanded to 40 racing days, with races held five days per week. It lasts from mid-July through Labor Day in early September.[8]

HistoryEdit

 
The main track in 1907
 
Dawn on the main track in 1963

Saratoga Springs was the site of "trials of speed and exhibition of horses" at county fairs as early as 1822. In 1847, in anticipation of the New York State Fair being held in Saratoga that September, the Saratoga Trotting Course was built, and hosted its first harness race on August 14th. The old harness racing track was located just south of the current Oklahoma Track, and today the area is called Horse Haven.[9][10]

On August 3, 1863, casino operator and future congressman John Morrissey organized the first thoroughbred race card on the Saratoga Trotting Course.[11] After the successful meet ended, Morrissey purchased 125 acres of land across the street from the old standardbred track, built a new grandstand, and dubbed the venue Saratoga Race Course.[12][13] Among those instrumental to the creation of the new course were John Hunter (later the first chairman of The Jockey Club), William R. Travers, John Morrissey, and Leonard Jerome.[14]

Saratoga Race Course has been in use almost every year since 1864, with only a handful of exceptions. The course was closed in 1896 due to increasing competition among thoroughbred tracks, making the meet at Saratoga not viable that season.[15] Anti-gambling legislation, which had passed in New York, resulted in a cessation in all thoroughbred racing in that state during 1911 and 1912.[16] The track's first parimutuel betting machines were installed in 1940.[17] From 1943 to 1945, racing was curtailed at Saratoga due to travel restrictions during World War II. During those years, the stakes races usually held at Saratoga Race Course were instead contested at Belmont Park.

The late 1800s were a period of decline for the Race Course. In 1892 it was purchased by notorious gambler Gottfried "Dutch Fred" Waldbaum, the operator of the notorious Guttenberg racetrack in North Bergen, New Jersey. In 1901, it was purchased by a group of investors led by William Collins Whitney, who made major improvements and restored its reputation.

In the 1960s, the grandstand was extended, doubling the track's seating capacity.[18]

In 1999, Saratoga Race Course was rated as Sports Illustrated's #10 sports venue of the 20th century.[19]

Saratoga Race Course has several nicknames: The Spa (for the nearby mineral springs), the House of Upsets, and the Graveyard of Champions. Famous race horses to lose at the track:

Physical attributes and racesEdit

 
Race course from Union Avenue

As is the case with the other two tracks operated by the New York Racing Association – Aqueduct and Belmont Park  – there are three separate tracks in the main course at Saratoga Race Course:

  • a main (dirt) track, which, like that at Aqueduct, has a 1+18-mile (9-furlong or 1,811 m) circumference;
    • chute for 7-furlong events
    • chute for 1 mile events known as the Wilson Chute. Originally was in use until 1972 when an additional parking lot was created. The chute was used in 1992 for one season. The Wilson Chute was resurrected in 2022.[20]
  • a 1-mile (8-furlong) turf track, known officially as the Mellon Turf Course in honor of the Mellon family, whose members include prominent thoroughbred owner/breeder Paul Mellon and his father Andrew Mellon, a former United States Treasury Secretary; and
  • an inner turf track, the circumference of which is 7 furlongs (1,408 m).[21]

Steeplechase races are also run at Saratoga Race Course and take place on the inner turf course.

The Oklahoma Training Track, which is across Union Avenue from the main course (was originally named Horse Haven), is used for warmups and training. The Oklahoma Training Track site was the location of the track used for racing at the inaugural meet in 1863; the main grandstand was opened at the current site the following year.[22] On August 3, 2013, the new Whitney Viewing Stand opened at the Oklahoma Track. It allows public viewing of workouts at the track, replicating a former stand from the 19th century.[23]

A distinctive feature of Saratoga Race Course's dirt track was the Wilson Mile chute, which branched off from the clubhouse (first) turn at a 90-degree angle. The chute was dismantled after the 1972 season to make room for additional parking, although in 1992 some one-mile dirt races were brought back at approximately the same location. NYRA announced in January 2022 that the Wilson Mile chute would be rebuilt for the 2022 racing season.[24]

The grounds at Saratoga Race Course contain several unique features. Prior to each race, a bell is hand rung at exactly 17 minutes prior to scheduled post time for each race to call the jockeys to the paddock.[25] Patrons can get close up views of the horses being led to the paddock as the path from the stables runs through the picnic grounds. There is a mineral spring called the Big Red Spring in the picnic grounds where patrons can partake of the water that made Saratoga Springs famous.[26] A gazebo is a prominent feature of the infield, and a stylized version of the gazebo is part of the Saratoga Race Course logo.

Saratoga Race Course is home to several of the most important races in North America. Since 1864, the track has been the site of the Travers Stakes, the oldest major thoroughbred horse race in the United States.[27] Like the Kentucky Derby, the Travers Stakes is contested on dirt and is open only to three-year-olds, with a purse of $1,250,000. Several other major stakes races are held at Saratoga each year as well, including the Alabama Stakes (for three-year-old fillies), the Hopeful Stakes for two-year-olds, and the Whitney Stakes for three-year-olds and up (a Breeders' Cup Classic "Win and You're In" qualifier).

A new addition in recent years has been "twilight racing", where the first race post time is at 2:30 pm on some days,[28] previously 2:45 PM.[29]

RacingEdit

The 2022 racing season includes 77 stakes races worth $22.6 million in total purses.[30] This represents a $1.1 million increase over the 2021 season.[31]

The following are Graded stakes races run at Saratoga:[32]

Grade I Stakes races:

Grade II Stakes races:

Grade III Stakes races:

Ungraded stakes

Discontinued Stakes races:

Steeplechase:

BurialsEdit

Buried at Clare Court Jogging Track are Fourstardave, Mourjane (IRE), Quick Call[33] and A Phenomenon. Champion filly Go For Wand, who suffered a fatal injury during the stretch run of the 1990 Breeders Cup Distaff, is buried in the Saratoga Race Course infield.[34]

EconomyEdit

The Saratoga Race Course is a significant contributor to the Saratoga Springs economy. A 2011 economic analysis of the Saratoga Race Course found that visitors of the race track yielded between $39 million and $55 million annually in direct spending, and a total (a sum of the direct effects and the indirect and induced effects of visitor spending) of $67 million and $94 million annually.[35] This spending was a result of expenditures for lodging, meals, entertainment, retail, and transportation in Saratoga County.[36]

In August of 2021, the President of the Saratoga County Chamber of Commerce, Todd Shimkus, estimated that the race track had a $240 million annual regional economic impact.[37] The COVID-19 pandemic had a negative impact on small business owners in the city of Saratoga Springs, as the 2020 meet did not allow in-person spectators at the venue.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Belmont Park TV Schedule
  2. ^ Olmsted, Larry (29 May 2013). "Nation's "Oldest Racetrack" Turns 150 And Plans Summer Of Fun". Forbes. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
  3. ^ "Alameda County Fair Horse Racing". www.race-track.info.
  4. ^ "Historical Timeline - Fair Grounds Race Course & Slots". www.fairgroundsracecourse.com.
  5. ^ Barbara Pepe (2003). Freehold: A Hometown History. Arcadia Publishing. p. 81.
  6. ^ "The Race on the New Empire Track, Albany, between Mr. Dalton’s Horse of Albany, and Mr. Sheehan's of New-York.". The New-York Daily Times, 27 June 1857 1857.
  7. ^ Hotaling, p. 43.
  8. ^ "A new length for Saratoga's racing season". Times Union. 8 October 2009. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  9. ^ "Preservation Matters: Horse Haven, Where It All Began". Saratoga Springs Preservation Foundation. 26 July 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2022.
  10. ^ Hotaling, Edward (1995). They're Off! Horse Racing at Saratoga. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press. p. 28. ISBN 0-8156-0350-9.
  11. ^ Blood-Horse Magazine. July 20, 2013, issue p. 14.
  12. ^ "History of Saratoga Race Course, One of the Oldest Race Tracks in America". SaratogaRaceTrack.com. Retrieved 16 January 2022.
  13. ^ Hotaling, p. 53–54.
  14. ^ "John Morrissey". Racinmuseum.org. 2018-01-01. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
  15. ^ Hoteling, p. 158
  16. ^ Kinney, Jim (August 3, 2006). "Too hot to trot at race course". The Record. Troy. Archived from the original on March 11, 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-03.
  17. ^ "Saratoga 150: First betting Machines at Race Track". The Saratogian. 21st Century Media. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
  18. ^ Louisa Leombruno, Rebecca Longley. "Saratoga 150: Track renovated in the 1960s". The Saratogian. 21st Century Media. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
  19. ^ "Century's Best - SI's Top 20 Venues of the 20th Century". Sports Illustrated. June 7, 1999. Retrieved 2010-01-09.
  20. ^ Orzell, Bill (25 January 2022). "Saratoga Race Track's Wilson Chute is Returning; Here's Some History". New York Almanack. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  21. ^ "History of Saratoga". New York Racing Association. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  22. ^ Vosburgh, W.S.; Racing in America, 1866–1921 http://kdl.kyvl.org/catalog/xt7n2z12nx9t_33?
  23. ^ Post, Paul (August 1, 2013). "Whitney viewing stand to open Saturday at Saratoga Race Course's Oklahoma training track". The Saratogian. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
  24. ^ Hegarty, Matt (14 January 2022). "Belmont fall meet may be moved to Aqueduct; Saratoga to run one-turn mile races". Daily Racing Form. Retrieved 15 January 2022.
  25. ^ "History of Saratoga Race Course, One of the Oldest Race Tracks In America". www.saratogaracetrack.com. Retrieved 2016-08-01.
  26. ^ "Big Red Spring- Mineral Spring in Saratoga Race Track". Saratoga.com. Retrieved 2016-08-01.
  27. ^ Staff, Web (2015-08-29). "The Travers Stakes: A rich history". NEWS10 ABC. Retrieved 2016-08-01.
  28. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions about the Saratoga Racetrack". SaratogaRacetrack.com. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
  29. ^ "Saratoga Race Course Timeline". Saratoga.com. Mannix Marketing. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
  30. ^ "Stakes Schedule | NYRA". www.nyra.com. Retrieved 2022-05-11.
  31. ^ "NYRA announces stakes schedule for summer meet at Saratoga Race Course | NYRA". www.nyra.com. Retrieved 2022-05-11.
  32. ^ "Saratoga 2012" (webpage). Retrieved 2012-07-26.
  33. ^ "QUICK CALL (USA) b. G, 1984 - 86 Starts, 16 Wins, 15 Places, 12 Shows Career Earnings: $807,817". Thoroughbred Pedigree Online. 2020. Retrieved 7 May 2020.
  34. ^ "Grave Matters: Turf Hallmarks". Thoroughbred Heritage. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
  35. ^ "Economic Analysis of the Saratoga Race Course" (PDF). Saratoga County Industrial Development Agency. October 2011. Retrieved 16 January 2022.
  36. ^ "Economic Analysis of the Saratoga Race Course" (PDF). Saratoga IDA. 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  37. ^ "SARATOGA SPRINGS BUSINESS OWNERS REPORT STRONG START TO SUMMER AS THE FIRST TWO WEEKS OF VISITORS TO THE SARATOGA RACE COURSE LEADS TO DOUBLE DIGIT SALES INCREASES - EMPIRE REPORT NEW YORK 2022® NEW YORK'S 24/7 NEWS SITE". Retrieved 2021-12-07.

External linksEdit

Other readingEdit

  • Heller, Bill. Saratoga Tales: Great Horses, Fearless Jockeys, Shocking Upsets and Incredible Blunders at America's Legendary Race Track (2004). Whitston Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0-87875-551-6.