Joan of Évreux

Joan of Évreux (French: Jeanne d'Évreux; 1310 – 4 March 1371) was Queen of France and Navarre as the third wife of King Charles IV of France.[1]

Joan of Évreux
Jeanne d'Évreux mini.jpg
Tomb effigy, 1372
Queen consort of France and Navarre
Tenure5 July 1324 – 1 February 1328
Coronation11 May 1326
Born1310
Died4 March 1371 (aged 60–61)
Château de Brie-Comte-Robert, Brie-Comte-Robert, France
Burial
SpouseCharles IV of France
IssueBlanche, Duchess of Orléans
HouseHouse of Évreux
FatherLouis, Count of Évreux
MotherMargaret of Artois
ReligionRoman Catholicism

LifeEdit

She was the daughter of Louis, Count of Évreux[1] and Margaret of Artois. Because Joan was Charles's first cousin,[2] the couple required papal permission to marry, which they obtained from Pope John XXII.[1] They had three daughters, Jeanne, Marie and Blanche,[3] who were unable to inherit the throne under principles of Salic law. The royal couple's lack of sons caused the end of the direct line of the Capetian dynasty.[4]

Joan died on 4 March 1371[5] in her château at Brie-Comte-Robert, in the Île-de-France region, some twenty miles southeast of Paris. She was buried at the Basilica of St Denis,[6] the necropolis of the Kings of France.

LegacyEdit

Two of Joan's remarkable possessions survive: her book of hours and a statue of the Virgin and Child.[7] The Book of Hours, known as the Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux, is in The Cloisters collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.[7] It was commissioned from the artist Jean Pucelle between 1324 and 1328, probably as a gift from her husband.[8] The book contains the usual prayers of the canonical hours as arranged for the laity along with the notable inclusion of the office dedicated to St Louis, her great-grandfather. The small statue of the Virgin and Child (gilded silver and enamel, 69 cm high), which Jeanne left to the monastery of St Denis outside Paris, is in the Louvre Museum.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d'Avray 2015, p. 232.
  2. ^ Warner 2017, p. 13.
  3. ^ Woodacre 2013, p. xiv.
  4. ^ Pernoud & Clin 1999, p. 2.
  5. ^ Warner 2017, p. 20.
  6. ^ Suger 2018, p. 237.
  7. ^ a b c Keane 2016, p. 9.
  8. ^ Benton 2009, p. 16.

SourcesEdit

  • d'Avray, David (2015). Papacy, Monarchy and Marriage 860–1600. Cambridge University Press.
  • Benton, Janetta Rebold (2009). Materials, Methods, and Masterpieces of Medieval Art. Praeger Publishers.
  • Keane, Marguerite (2016). Material Culture and Queenship in 14th-century France: The Testament of Blanche of Navarre (1331-1398). Brill.
  • Pernoud, Regine; Clin, Narue-Veronique (1999). Wheeler, Bonnie (ed.). Joan of Arc: Her Story. Translated by Adams, Jeremy duQuesnay. St. Martin's Press.
  • Suger (2018). Selected Works of Abbot Suger of Saint Denis. Catholic University of America Press.
  • Warner, Kathryn (2017). Isabella of France: The Rebel Queen. Amberley Publishing.
  • Woodacre, Elena (2013). The Queens Regnant of Navarre: Succession, Politics, and Partnerships, 1274-1512. Palgrave Macmillan.

External linksEdit

Joan of Évreux
Cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty
Born: 1310 Died: 4 March 1371
French royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Marie of Luxembourg
Queen consort of Navarre
1324–1328
Vacant
Title next held by
Joan of France
Queen consort of France
1324–1328
Vacant
Title next held by
Joan of Burgundy