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Jericho, Cumberland County, New Jersey

Jericho is an unincorporated community located within Stow Creek Township, in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States.[1][2]

Jericho, New Jersey
Jericho Hotel, circa 1890
Jericho Hotel, circa 1890
Jericho is located in Cumberland County, New Jersey
Jericho
Jericho
Location in Cumberland County (Inset: Cumberland County in New Jersey)
Jericho is located in New Jersey
Jericho
Jericho
Jericho (New Jersey)
Jericho is located in the United States
Jericho
Jericho
Jericho (the United States)
Coordinates: 39°28′12″N 75°21′06″W / 39.47000°N 75.35167°W / 39.47000; -75.35167Coordinates: 39°28′12″N 75°21′06″W / 39.47000°N 75.35167°W / 39.47000; -75.35167
Country United States
State New Jersey
CountyCumberland
TownshipStow Creek
Elevation9 m (30 ft)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
GNIS feature ID877447[1]

Stow Creek, a tributary of the Delaware River, flows through the settlement, and a pond and dam are located there.[3][4]

Jericho was at one time an important mill town in the history of Cumberland and Salem counties.[5]

HistoryEdit

Originally called "Gravelly Run", the settlement began to flourish in 1680 when John Brick purchased 1,000 acres (400 ha) of land bordering Stow Creek, and erected sawmills and gristmills.[5][6] The Jericho Hotel was built, and in 1818, a distillery located in Jericho was converted into a woolen factory.[5]

The geologic area around Jericho contains Miocene epoch marl, and it is rich with fossils.[7] In the early 1800s, farmers near Jericho began using the mudlike marl found along Stow Creek as fertilizer, and commercial marl pits were built.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Jericho
  2. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed December 28, 2014.
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Jericho Pond
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Jericho Pond Dam
  5. ^ a b c d Harrison, Charles (2013). Cumberland County, New Jersey: 265 Years of History. History Press. pp. 144, 145.
  6. ^ Shourds, Thomas (1876). History and Genealogy of Fenwick's Colony, New Jersey. G.F. Nixon. p. 165.
  7. ^ Dana, James Dwight (1880). Manual of Geology: Treating of the Principles of the Science with Special Reference to American Geological History. Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor and Company. p. 495.