Amadou Jean Tigana (born 23 June 1955) is a former French international footballer, having played in midfield and managed professional football extensively throughout France, including 52 appearances and one goal for the France national football team during the 1980s. He most recently coached Chinese Super League outfit Shanghai Shenhua. In his prime, he was a tireless central midfielder, renowned as one of the best midfielders in the world during the 1980s.
Tigana in 2000 or 2001
|Full name||Amadou Jean Tigana|
|Date of birth||23 June 1955|
|Place of birth||Bamako, French Sudan|
|Height||1.68 m (5 ft 6 in)|
|Playing position||Central midfielder|
|1972–1974||SO Les Caillols|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Tigana started his professional career as a player at Toulon, having been spotted fairly late playing part-time while employed in a spaghetti factory and then as a postman. He moved to Lyon in 1978 and then to Bordeaux in a $4 million transfer. He was part of the French national football team that won the European Championship in 1984, defeating Spain in the final. In Bordeaux's midfield for eight years, Tigana helped them to three league titles and three French cups, as well as taking them close to European glory on two occasions, losing in the semi-final of the European Cup and Cup Winners' Cup in 1985 and 1987 respectively.
He moved in 1989 to Olympique Marseille, and ended his career there following the 1990–91 season.
Tigana was born in Bamako, French Sudan (now Mali) to a Malian father and a French mother. He represented France, and as an international Tigana joined Michel Platini, Luis Fernandez and Alain Giresse in what was termed "the Magic Square" (le Carré Magique) – one of the great midfield foursomes of all time. Tigana's single international goal came against Hungary in the 1986 FIFA World Cup finals, in which France managed a third-place finish.
Tigana was a world-class box-to box midfielder noted for his great movement, teamwork, pace and tireless stamina. Although Tigana was mainly responsible for his team's defensive duties, he also often ventured forward to create scoring opportunities for his teammates.
For his first managerial role, Tigana returned to Lyon, coaching them from 1993–1995, before moving on to AS Monaco, where he remained until 1999. They were French league champions in 1997 and Champions League semi-finalists a year later, beating Manchester United in the quarter-finals.
He took over as manager of English club Fulham in April 2000 and helped them to promotion from the Division One to the FA Premier League as champions in his first full season. They finished 13th in their first top flight season for more than 30 years and qualified for the UEFA Cup (via the Intertoto Cup), but was sacked in April 2003, even though Fulham weren't in danger of going down at this stage. The club later took him to court, claiming he had wrongly overpaid for certain players such as Steve Marlet, but the charges were dropped. Tigana then took Fulham to court for wrongful dismissal and won, winning a payout of over £2 million.
In October 2005, after more than two years out of the game, he signed a two and a half year contract with Turkish side Beşiktaş. During that same season, Beşiktaş won their first Turkish Cup in eight years.
Immediately after winning the 2007 Turkish Cup, Tigana announced that he was to leave Beşiktaş at the end of the season. He left Beşiktaş with two games to play, after a contract termination agreement with club board.
On 7 May 2011, after a severe defeat against Sochaux (0–4) and a verbal aggression from Bordeaux team fans against his daughter, who was in the stadium, he announced that he was to leave the Girondins de Bordeaux.
On 18 December 2011, it was announced that Tigana would coach Shanghai Shenhua from 2012 season.
On 15 April 2012, Tigana resigned as manager of Shanghai Shenhua after a run of poor form leaving the Chinese club in the bottom five of its domestic league.
|France||League||Coupe de France||Europe||Total|
|1981–82||Girondins Bordeaux||Division 1||27||1|
|1989–90||Olympique Marseille||Division 1||37||0|
|France national team|
- As of match played 7 April 2012
|Lyon||1 July 1993||30 June 1995||85||42||20||23||49.41|
|AS Monaco||1 July 1995||31 December 1998||170||92||37||41||54.12|
|Fulham||9 April 2000||17 April 2003||145||67||37||41||46.21|
|Beşiktaş||31 October 2005||15 May 2007||82||43||16||23||52.44|
|Bordeaux||25 May 2010||7 May 2011||38||12||15||11||31.58|
|Shanghai Shenhua||1 January 2012||15 April 2012||5||1||2||2||20.0|
- Division 1 Rookie of the Year: 1980
- French Player of the Year: 1984
- Onze d'Argent: 1984
- Ballon d'Or runner-up: 1984
- UEFA European Championship Team of the Tournament: 1984
- FIFA World Cup All-Star Team: 1986
- Onze de Bronze: 1987
- "Entreprise Canelle à Cassis (13260)" [Company Canelle in Cassis (13260)]. Figaro Entreprises (in French). Société du Figaro. 16 December 2018. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
"Jean Tigana". BFM Business (in French). Retrieved 16 February 2019.
- "Tigana: Jean Amadou Tigana: Manager". BDFutbol. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
- Europe's best Player of the Century - IFFHS
- "Dévoué à la cause du Mali".
- "Tigana sacked by Fulham". The Scotsman. UK. 18 April 2007. Archived from the original on 14 November 2007. Retrieved 9 November 2007.
- Milmo, Cahal (13 November 2004). "Fayed must pay £2.5m to ex-Fulham manager". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 14 November 2007. Retrieved 9 November 2007.
- "Jean Tigana appointed Bordeaux coachdate=2010-05-25". BBC Sport. BBC. 25 May 2010. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
- "Tigana – " J'arrête "" (in French). FC Girondins de Bordeaux. 7 May 2011. Archived from the original on 11 May 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- "Jean Tigana steps down as Bordeaux coach". Goal.com. 7 May 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- "Jean Tigana". National Football Teams. Benjamin Strack-Zimmerman.
- "France - Footballer of the Year". RSSSF. Archived from the original on 5 September 2015.
- Courtney, Barrie (14 August 2004). "European Championships - UEFA Teams of Tournament". RSSSF. Retrieved 23 January 2015.