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James William Gazlay (July 23, 1784 – June 8, 1874) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

James William Gazlay
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1823 – March 3, 1825
Preceded by Thomas R. Ross
Succeeded by James Findlay
Personal details
Born (1784-07-23)July 23, 1784
New York City
Died June 8, 1874(1874-06-08) (aged 89)
Cincinnati, Ohio
Resting place Spring Grove Cemetery
Political party Democratic-Republican

Born in New York City, Gazlay moved with his parents to Dutchess County, New York, in 1789. He attended the common schools, after which he pursued an academic course. He studied law in Poughkeepsie, New York. He was admitted to the bar in 1809 and practiced. He moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1813 and continued the practice of law.

Gazlay was elected as a Jackson Republican to the Eighteenth Congress (March 4, 1823 – March 3, 1825). His opponent was Ohio State Senator and future President William Henry Harrison. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1824 to the Nineteenth Congress. Edited a weekly paper called the Western Tiller in 1826 and 1827. He engaged in literary pursuits. He died in Cincinnati, Ohio, June 8, 1874. He was interred in Spring Grove Cemetery.