Spring Grove Cemetery
Spring Grove Cemetery and Arboretum (733 acres) is a nonprofit rural cemetery and arboretum located at 4521 Spring Grove Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio. It is the third largest cemetery in the United States, after the Calverton National Cemetery and Abraham Lincoln National Cemetery  and is recognized as a US National Historic Landmark.
Spring Grove Cemetery
The Gothic Revival Dexter Memorial at Spring Grove Cemetery & Arboretum
|Architect||Adolph Strauch et al.|
|Architectural style||Gothic Revival|
|NRHP reference No.||76001440|
|Added to NRHP||May 13, 1976|
|Designated NHLD||March 29, 2007|
The cemetery dates from 1844, when members of the Cincinnati Horticultural Society formed a cemetery association. They took their inspiration from contemporary rural cemeteries such as Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris, and Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The numerous springs and groves suggested the name "Spring Grove". On December 1, 1844 Salmon P. Chase and others prepared the Articles of Incorporation. The cemetery was designed by Howard Daniels and formally chartered on January 21, 1845. The first burial took place on September 1, 1845.
In 1855, Adolph Strauch, a renowned landscape architect, was hired to beautify the grounds. His sense and layout of the "garden cemetery" made of lakes, trees and shrubs, is what visitors today still see. He created a more open landscape by setting limits on private enclosures and monument heights. The results of the redesign earned Strauch praise in the U.S. and abroad, including from Frederick Law Olmsted and the French landscape architect Edouard André. On March 29, 2007, the cemetery was designated a National Historic Landmark. The Spring Grove Cemetery Chapel is listed separately on the National Register of Historic Places.
On October 23, 2013, cemetery staff removed a large and potentially disturbing SpongeBob SquarePants headstone from the grave of U.S. Army Corporal Kimberly Walker and another for her still-living sister a day after her funeral. The family believed they had permission from a worker, whom management said had erred. In February 2014, both parties agreed to replace the statues with granite slabs largely hiding them from passersby.
Spring Grove encompasses 733 acres (2.97 km2) of which 400 acres (1.6 km2) are currently landscaped and maintained. Its grounds include 12 ponds, many fine tombstones and memorials, and various examples of Gothic Revival architecture.
As of 2005, its National Champion trees were Cladrastis kentukea and Halesia diptera; its State Champion trees included Abies cilicica, Abies koreana, Cedrus libani, Chionanthus virginicus, Eucommia ulmoides, Halesia parvifolia, Metasequoia glyptostroboides, Phellodendron amurense, Picea orientalis, Picea polita, Pinus flexilis, Pinus griffithi, Pinus monticola, Quercus cerris, Quercus nigra, Taxodium distichum, Ulmus serotina, and Zelkova serrata.
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- Jacob Ammen, Civil War general
- Nicholas Longworth Anderson, Civil War colonel
- Joshua Hall Bates, Civil War general
- George K. Brady, United States Army officer. Briefly commander of the Department of Alaska
- Emma Lucy Braun, botanist 
- Charles Elwood Brown, Civil War Brevet Brigadier General and U.S. Representative
- Sidney Burbank, Civil War colonel
- Jacob Burnet, US Senator
- Samuel Fenton Cary, Congressman, prohibitionist
- Kate Chase, daughter of Salmon Chase and Washington, D.C. Civil War socialite
- Salmon P. Chase, Chief Justice of the United States
- Henry M. Cist, Civil War brevet brigadier general
- Levi Coffin, Quaker abolitionist
- Arthur F. Devereux, Brevet Brigadier General during the Civil War; from Salem, Massachusetts
- Daniel Drake, physician and writer
- Charles L. Fleischmann, yeast manufacturer
- Joseph Benson Foraker, Governor of Ohio, U.S. Senator, Judge, American Civil War Captain
- Manning Force, Civil War Brevet Brigadier General, Medal of Honor recipient
- James Gamble, co-founder of Procter & Gamble Company
- Kenner Garrard, Civil War general
- Heinie Groh, Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame third baseman
- Theodore Sommers Henderson, Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church
- Andrew Hickenlooper, Civil War general
- Joseph Hooker, Civil War general and commander of the Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Chancellorsville
- Waite Hoyt, professional baseball player; Hall of Fame pitcher
- Miller Huggins, Hall of Fame baseball manager of New York Yankees during Babe Ruth era
- Isaac M. Jordan, one of the seven founders of Sigma Chi Fraternity
- Bernard Kroger, founder of Kroger supermarkets
- Alexander Long, Congressman
- Nicholas Longworth (winemaker), Father of American grape culture
- Nicholas Longworth, American politician, Speaker of the US House of Representatives, grandson of Nicholas Longworth (winemaker)
- William Haines Lytle, 19th century Ohio, general, politician, poet
- Joseph Mason, artist, who was an uncredited assistant to John James Audubon in illustrating the Birds of America
- Stanley Matthews, Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court* Alexander McDowell McCook, Union army general
- Charles Pettit McIlvaine, Episcopal bishop, author, educator and twice Chaplain of the United States Senate
- John McLean, Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
- George Hunt Pendleton, Congressman and US Senator
- William Procter, co-founder of Procter and Gamble
- Skip Prosser, Wake Forest University men's basketball head coach at the time of his death, former assistant and head men's basketball coach at Xavier University
- Henry Stanbery, Attorney General of the United States
- Adolph Strauch, landscape architect, designer of Spring Grove Cemetery
- Dudley Sutphin, Cincinnati attorney, judge and French Legion of Honor medal winner
- Alphonso Taft, politician, father of President of the United States William Howard Taft
- Charles Phelps Taft II, Mayor of Cincinnati and son of President William Howard Taft
- Louise Taft, second wife of Alphonso Taft and mother of William Howard Taft
- John Morgan Walden, Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church
- Godfrey Weitzel, Civil War general
- Frances Wright, pioneering feminist, abolitionist, and freethinker
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
- "top-10-largest-cemeteries-in-world". Archived from the original on August 17, 2019. Retrieved September 2, 2019.
- The Cincinnati Cemetery of Spring Grove, Report for 1857. C. F. Bradley, printers. 1857. pp. 3.
- Picturesque Cincinnati. John Shillito Company. 1883. pp. 194.
- "A Walk in the Park: Spring Grove Cemetery". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
- Stradling, David (October 1, 2003). Cincinnati: From River City to Highway Metropolis. Arcadia Publishing. p. 35. ISBN 9780738524405. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
- "Spring Grove Cemetery | The Cultural Landscape Foundation". tclf.org. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
- Ratterman, Heinrich (1905). Spring Grove and Its Creator. Edited by Don H. Tolzmann. Cincinnati: [Reprint 1988] Ohio Book Store.
- André, Édouard (1879). L'art des jardins / traité général de la composition des parcs et jardins (in French). Paris: G. Masson. p. 868.
- "National Historic Landmarks Designated". National Park Service. April 13, 2007. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- "Ms Walker's family are furious with the graveyard's U-turn after paying $13,000 (£8,000) for the headstone and getting copyright approval from Nickelodeon". Metro.co.uk. October 23, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2013.
- "Family, cemetery reinstall SpongeBob headstones but with changes". Cincinnati: Hearst Television Inc. February 14, 2014. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
- Rolfes, Steven (October 29, 2012). Cincinnati Landmarks. Arcadia Publishing. p. 43. ISBN 9780738593951. Retrieved May 19, 2013.
- "Judge Civil War Generals" (PDF). The Spring Grove Family. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
- Stuckey, Ronald L. (1997). "Emma Lucy Braun (1889–1971)". In Grinstein, Louise S.; Biermann, Carol A.; Rose, Rose K. (eds.). Women in the Biological Sciences: A Biobibliographic Sourcebook. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 46. ISBN 0-313-29180-2.
- "Judge Jacob Burnet". The Spring Grove Family. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
- Spencer, Thomas E. (1998). Where They're Buried: A Directory Containing More Than Twenty Thousand Names of Notable Persons Buried in American Cemeteries, with Listings of Many Prominent People who Were Cremated. Genealogical Publishing Com. p. 264. ISBN 9780806348230. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
- "Judge Jacob Notable Burials". The Spring Grove Family. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
- "Levi Coffin". National Park Service. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
- Juettner, Otto (1909). 1785-1909: Daniel Drake and his followers; historical and biographical sketches. Harvey Publishing Company. p. 70. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
Daniel Drake spring grove cemetery.
- "Spring Grove Cemetery". Cincinnati.com. Archived from the original on July 25, 2014. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
- "Heinie Groh Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
- Cook, William A. (2004). Waite Hoyt: A Biography of the Yankees' Schoolboy Wonder. McFarland. p. 209. ISBN 9780786419609. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
- "Isaac M. Jordan". Sigma Chi Fraternity. February 6, 2012. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
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