James Howard Kunstler

James Howard Kunstler (born October 19, 1948) is an American author, social critic, public speaker, and blogger. He is best known for his books The Geography of Nowhere (1994), a history of American suburbia and urban development, The Long Emergency (2005), and Too Much Magic (2012). In The Long Emergency he imagines peak oil and oil depletion resulting in the end of industrialized society, forcing Americans to live in smaller-scale, localized, agrarian (or semi-agrarian) communities. In World Made by Hand he branches into a science fiction depiction of this future world.

James Howard Kunstler
Kunstler in December 2007
Kunstler in December 2007
Born (1948-10-19) October 19, 1948 (age 71)
New York City, New York, U.S.
OccupationAuthor, social critic, blogger
NationalityAmerican
SpouseJennifer Armstrong (1996-2002)
Children0
Website
Kunstler.com

BackgroundEdit

Kunstler was born in New York City to Jewish parents,[1] who divorced when he was eight.[2] His family then moved to the suburbs on Long Island. His biological father was a middleman in the diamond trade.[1] Kunstler spent most of his childhood with his mother and stepfather, a publicist for Broadway shows.[1] While spending summers at a boys' camp in New Hampshire, he became acquainted with a small town ethos that would later permeate many of his works.

EducationEdit

In 1966, Kunstler graduated from New York City's High School of Music & Art, and attended the State University of New York at Brockport, where he majored in theater.

CareerEdit

After college, Kunstler worked as a reporter and feature writer for a number of newspapers, and finally as a staff writer for Rolling Stone. During the 1970s and 1980s, Kunstler worked "a lot of odd jobs, from orderly in the psychiatric wing of the hospital, to digging holes for percolation tests in housing subdivisions".[3]

In 1975, he began writing books and lecturing full-time. Kunstler's blog states that he has lectured at Harvard, Yale, Columbia, Dartmouth, Cornell, MIT, RPI, and the University of Virginia, has appeared before professional organizations such as the AIA, the APA, and the National Trust for Historic Preservation.[4]

Kunstler gives lectures on topics related to suburbia, urban development, and the challenges of what he calls "the global oil predicament", and a resultant change in the "American Way of Life." He has lectured at the TED Conference, the American Institute of Architects, the National Trust for Historic Preservation, the International Council of Shopping Centers, the National Association of Science and Technology, as well as at numerous colleges and universities, including Yale, MIT, Harvard, Cornell, University of Illinois, DePaul, Texas A & M, the USMA, and Rutgers University.

As a journalist, Kunstler wrote articles for The Atlantic Monthly, Slate.com, Rolling Stone, The New York Times Sunday Magazine, and its op-ed page where he covered environmental and economic issues. Kunstler is also a supporter of the movement known as "New Urbanism."

Kunstler is a harsh critic of both the Republican Party, describing them as "a gang of hypocritical, pietistic sadists, seeking pleasure in the suffering of others while pretending to be Christians, devoid of sympathy, empathy, or any inclination to simple human kindness, constant breakers of the Golden Rule, enemies of the common good."[5] and also the Democratic Party and their "underhanded attempts" to get rid of Donald Trump, a man whom Kunstler sees as showing "strength".[6] He is also a promoter of the concept of a so-called "deep state" working to overthrow and thwart Trump.[7]. He has endorsed Trump for re-election and declared that he intends to do "everything he can to prevent the Democrats from winning the election."[8]

In an interview with American Conservative, Kunstler attacked gay marriage, describing it as "cultural mischief" that would further damage "a struggling institution".[9]

In recent times, Kunstler has had financial problems,[10] and was described as "seethingly angry" about his writing income falling to only a few thousand dollars annually because of "the tidal wave of free content on the web". In addition, his "lucrative college speaking fees" have disappeared, which he blames on "the rising hysteria on campus against threatening ideas". Kunstler now uses Patreon to crowdfund his writing.[10]

He lives in Washington County, New York.

WritingEdit

Over the course of the first 14 years of his writing career (1979–1993), Kunstler wrote seven novels.

Since the mid-1990s, he has written four non-fiction books about suburban development and diminishing global oil supplies. According to the Columbia Journalism Review, his first work on the subject, The Geography of Nowhere, discussed the effects of "cartoon architecture, junked cities, and a ravaged countryside".[11] The book was described as a jeremiad by The Washington Post. Kunstler is critical of suburbia and urban development trends throughout the United States, and is a proponent of the New Urbanism movement. According to Scott Carlson, reporter for The Chronicle of Higher Education, Kunstler's books on the subject have become "standard reading in architecture and urban planning courses".[12]

He describes America as a poorly planned and "tragic landscape of highway strips, parking lots, housing tracts, mega-malls, junked cities, and ravaged countryside that makes up the everyday environment where most Americans live and work."[13] In a 2001 op-ed for Planetizen, he wrote that in the wake of 9/11 the "age of skyscrapers is at an end", that no new megatowers would be built, and that existing tall buildings are destined to be dismantled.[14]

In his books that followed, such as Home From Nowhere, The City in Mind, and The Long Emergency (2005), he discussed topics in the context of a coming post-oil America. Kunstler says he wrote The Geography of Nowhere, "Because I believe a lot of people share my feelings about the tragic landscape of highway strips, parking lots, housing tracts, mega-malls, junked cities, and ravaged countryside that makes up the everyday environment where most Americans live and work".[4]

In his science fiction novel World Made by Hand (2008), he describes a future dependent on localized production and agriculture, with little reliance on imports. Three "World Made by Hand" sequels have followed: The Witch of Hebron (2010), A History of the Future (2015), and The Harrows of Spring (2016).[15]

Kunstler has written articles for the American Conservative magazine and syndicated weekly articles to the conservative Zero Hedge blog.

In his writings and lectures, he contends that there is no other alternative energy source on the horizon that can replace relatively cheap oil. He therefore envisions a "low energy" world that will be radically different from today's. This has contributed to his becoming an outspoken advocate for one of his solutions, a more energy-efficient rail system, and writes "we have to get cracking on the revival of the railroad system if we expect to remain a united country."[13][16]

ReceptionEdit

An article at NewGeography.com described one of Kunstler's essays in American Conservative as a "misanthropic, pessimistically aggressive Malthusian screed", and comments that Kunstler's "over the top act" shows him to be "survivalist masquerading as an urban geographer". The article points to Kunstler's growing appeal to conservatives due to the "overlap between libertarian conservatives and environmentalist zealots".[17]

Conservative writer Bill Kauffman has called Kunstler the "scourge of suburbia," and a "slashingly witty Jeremiah."[18] In a 2008 review of Kunstler's weekly audio podcast, the Columbia Journalism Review described the KunstlerCast as offering "some of the smartest, most honest urban commentary around—online or off."[11] The Albany, New York, Times Union reviewed Kunstler's book World Made by Hand, writing that, "James Howard Kunstler is fiddling his way to the apocalypse, one jig at a time." The paper described the book's scenario as "grim", with "an upside or two."[19]

Kunstler has been called "provocative and entertaining" by The New York Times,[citation needed] while The Christian Science Monitor noted that "disturbing others’ sense of normality is something Kunstler does well... everyone who knows his work acknowledges his power to wake up a crowd."[citation needed] In critiquing The Long Emergency, journalist Chris Hayes claims that while Kunstler makes valid points about the consequences of peak oil, he undermines his credibility with rhetoric and perceived misanthropy.[20] Joseph Romm, a climate change expert and Senior Fellow at the Center for American Progress, has stated his belief that accelerating shifts toward renewable energy will maintain suburban lifestyles and that, contrary to Kunstler's arguments, "suburbia won’t be destroyed by peak oil."[21]

Charles Bensinger, co-founder of Renewable Energy Partners of New Mexico, describes Kunstler's views as "fashionably fear-mongering" and uninformed regarding the potential of renewable energy resources to eliminate the need for fossil fuels.[22] Conversely, Paul Salopek of the Chicago Tribune finds that, "Kunstler has plotted energy starvation to its logical extremes" and points to the US Department of Energy Hirsch report as drawing similar conclusions.[23] David Ehrenfeld, writing for American Scientist, sees Kunstler delivering a "powerful integration of science, technology, economics, finance, international politics and social change" with a "lengthy discussion of the alternatives to cheap oil."[24]

BibliographyEdit

Nonfiction

Novels

Plays

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c J Kunstler. "Kunstler Memoirs: Off to College 1966". J Kunstler. Archived from the original on April 18, 2008. Retrieved March 28, 2008.
  2. ^ J Kunstler. "Kunstler Memoirs: The Station 1957–63". J Kunstler. Archived from the original on April 18, 2008. Retrieved March 28, 2008.
  3. ^ Kunstler, James (March 26, 1998). Home from Nowhere. Simon and Schuster. p. 299. ISBN 0684837374.
  4. ^ a b "About". KUNSTLER. October 2, 1999. Archived from the original on February 27, 2015. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
  5. ^ "The Party of Cruelty". Kunstler.com. March 22, 2010. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
  6. ^ Kunstler, Jim. "Strength and Weakness". Archived from the original on March 20, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  7. ^ Kunstler, Jim. "The Deep State's Deep State Department". Archived from the original on March 20, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  8. ^ Kunstler, Jim. "Bill of Particulars". Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  9. ^ Del Mastro, Addison. "An Interview With James Howard Kunstler". The American Conservative. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
  10. ^ a b Grondahl, Paul (May 24, 2016). "Best-selling author Kunstler passes the online hat". Albany Times Union. Archived from the original on March 20, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  11. ^ a b Michele Wilson (October 16, 2008). "The American Nightmare". The Columbia Journalism Review. Archived from the original on October 18, 2008. Retrieved October 16, 2008.
  12. ^ Scott Carlson (October 20, 2006). "A Social Critic Warns of Upheavals to Come". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Archived from the original on December 19, 2007. Retrieved December 27, 2007.
  13. ^ a b "What's Up". Kunstler. Archived from the original on April 5, 2020. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
  14. ^ "Kunstler Predicts The End of Tall Buildings". [Planetizen]. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved December 15, 2008.
  15. ^ "James Howard Kunstler: Books, Biography, Blog, Audiobooks, Kindle". Archived from the original on February 12, 2017. Retrieved April 19, 2016.
  16. ^ Salam, Reihan. "Heralding The End Times". The New York Sun. Archived from the original on May 18, 2012. Retrieved April 30, 2012.
  17. ^ Ring, Ed. "THE WONDROUS, MAGNIFICENT CITIES OF THE 21ST CENTURY". New Geography. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
  18. ^ Kauffman, Bill (December 19, 2005) Free Vermont Archived October 26, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, The American Conservative
  19. ^ Grondahl, Paul, "No oil? Cities in ruins? Welcome to Kunstler's 'World'", Albany Times Union March 16, 2008, page J1 to J2.
  20. ^ Wise Fool Archived December 23, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, ChrisHayes.com, Retrieved June 22, 2011
  21. ^ Why I don’t agree with James Kunstler about peak oil and the "end of suburbia" Archived July 29, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, ThinkProgress, October 28, 2007
  22. ^ Charles Bensinger (2005). "Short Solutions to the Long Emergency". The Green Institute. Archived from the original on December 19, 2007. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  23. ^ Paul Salopek. "Nigerian Oil Flows into Suburban America", The Chicago Tribune, July 26, 2006.
  24. ^ David Ehrenfeld (2005). "The End is Nigh". American Scientist Online. Archived from the original on June 11, 2011. Retrieved December 27, 2007.
  25. ^ "Review of Too Much Magic by James Howard Kunstlser". Kirkus Reviews. July 3, 2012. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
  26. ^ Goodell, Jeff (July 12, 2012). "James Howard Kunstler on Why Technology Won't Save Us". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on July 27, 2017. Retrieved September 1, 2017.
  27. ^ "Review of The Life of Byron Jaynes by James Howard Kunstler". Kirkus Reviews. May 23, 1983. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 23, 2017.

External linksEdit