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Air Chief Marshal Jamal Ahmad Khan Afridi (Urdu: جمال احمد خان; b. 15 April 1934) NI(m), SJ, SBt, is a retired four-star air officer who briefly tenured as the Chief of Air Staff of the Pakistan Air Force from 1985 until 1988.[1] In addition, he also commanded the United Arab Emirates Air Force as its commander in 1977 until 1988.

Air Chief Marshal

Jamal Ahmad Khan
جمال احمد خان
Chief of Air Staff
In office
6 March 1985 – 9 March 1988
Preceded byACM Anvar Shamim
Succeeded byACM H.K. Durrani
President of Pakistan Squash Federation
In office
1987–1988
Personal details
Born
Jamal Ahmad Khan Afridi

(1934-04-15) April 15, 1934 (age 85)
Farrukhabad, Uttar Pradesh, British India
(Present-day in Uttar Pradesh in India)
Citizenship Pakistan
Military service
Nickname(s)Jamal
Allegiance Pakistan
Branch/service Pakistan Air Force
Years of service1952–1988
RankACM Pakistan Air Force.pngUS-O10 insignia.svgAir Chief Marshal
UnitNo. 11 Squadron Arrows
CommandsVice Chief of the Air Staff
DCAS (Air Operations)
Pakistan Armed Forces–Middle East Command
UAE Air Force
JAG Corps, Air Force
ACAS (Plans)
Battles/warsIndo-Pakistani war of 1965
Indo-Pakistani war of 1971
AwardsOrder of Excellence Nishan-e-Imtiaz.pngNishan-i-Imtiaz (military)
PAK Sitara-i-Juraat ribbon.svgSitara-e-Jurat
Star of Good Conduct Sitara-e-Basalat.pngSitara-e-Basalat

BiographyEdit

 
F-104 in flight. Wing Commander Jamal Khan shot down Indian Canberra in 1965 and 1971.:80[2][3]

Jamal Ahmad Khan was born in Kaimganj, Farrukhabad district in India, on 15 April 1934.[4][5][4]

In 1952, he joined the Pakistan Air Force and was sent to attend the Pakistan Air Force Academy in Risalpur, and was one of the few cadets who were selected to attend the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado, United States.:348–349[6] Upon completing the pilot training program from the USAF Academy in 1953, Khan gained the commissioned in the No. 11 Squadron Arrows, initially trained to fly the British Supermarine Attacker.:349[6] He was further trained in the United States as a test pilot, eventually qualified to fly the F-104 Starfighter.:349[6]:contents[7]

In 1965, Squadron-Leader Jamal flew his F-104 to intercept the Indian Air Force's English Electric Canberra at 33,000 feet (10,000 m) above, shooting down the Canberra with a Sidewinder near the Fazilka district, inside Pakistani territory.[3] This was recorded as the first kill achieved by an F-104 at night after a number of near misses.[3]:94[2]

In 1971, Wing-Commander Jamal continued flying his F-104 on the western front of the third war with India. Wg-Cdr. Jamal shot down, with AIM-9B missile, another Canberra, which resulting in perishing its pilot.:80[2]

After the war, Group Captain Jamal was posted on a Command Operations Center at the Air AHQ in Islamabad until appointed as base commander of the Sargodha Air Force Base.:351[6][8] In 1975, Air Commodore Jamal joined the JAG Corps, Air Force, appointed its chief inspector and later judge advocate general.:351[6] For sometimes, Air Cdre. Jamal served as the ACAS (Plans) at the Air AHQ before promoting to the two-star rank, Air vice-marshal.:351[6]

In 1977, AVM Jamal Khan was posted as an AOC at the Pakistan Armed Forces–Middle East Command, and taken as secondment when he took over the command of the United Arab Emirates Air Force as its commander until 1980.:351[6] During this time, AVM Jamal took over the command of the Pakistan Armed Forces–Middle East Command, serving its commander until 1980.:195–197[9] Upon returning, AVM Jamal flew the MiG-19 and MiG-21 for test trial purposes.:110[10] During this time, he went to the United States to complete his training to fly the F-16A and is also the first Pakistani to fly the F-16A in the United States, and returned to Pakistan.:349–351[6]

In 1982–83, Air-Marshal Jamal was appointed as DCAS (Air Operation), and later appointed as Vice Chief of Air Staff in 1984.:349[6]

In 1985, Air-Mshl. Jamal was promoted to four-star rank, Air Chief Marshal, and took over the command of the Air Force as its Chief of Air Staff.:199–200[11] In 1987, ACM Jamal launched the project to developed an designed the fighter jet, with the Grumman Aerospace as its consultant.:145[12] After completing his tenure, ACM (Gen.) Jamal was succeeded by ACM H.K. Durrani on 6 March 1988.:180[13] After his retirement, he settled in Islamabad, and worked as an aviation historian, contributing on the book on aerial aviation, The Story of the Pakistan Air Force, 1988-1998: A Battle Against Odds.:351[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "PAKISTAN AIR FORCE - Official website". www.paf.gov.pk. ISPR (Air Force Division). Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Davies, Peter E. (2014). "Mach Power 2" (google books). F-104 Starfighter Units in Combat (1st ed.). Bloomington, IN, USA: Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 100. ISBN 9781780963143. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b c Hali, PAF, Gp-Capt (Col.) S.M.; Sehgal, Ikram (May 2000). "F-104 Starfighters in Pakistan Air Force". www.defencejournal.com. Islamabad, Pakistan: Defence Journal, 2000. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  4. ^ a b Singh, Nagendra Kr (2001). Encyclopaedia of Muslim Biography: I-M. A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. ISBN 9788176482332. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  5. ^ The Army Quarterly and Defence Journal. West of England Press. 1986. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Shaikh, A. Rashid (2000). The Story of the Pakistan Air Force, 1988-1998: A Battle Against Odds (google books) (1st ed.). Karachi, Pakistan: Shaheen Foundation. p. 414. ISBN 9789698553005. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  7. ^ Bowman, Martin (2016). Cold War Jet Combat: Air-to-Air Jet Fighter Operations 1950-1972. Pen and Sword. ISBN 9781473874626. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  8. ^ a b Rashid Shaikh, A. (2000). Excerpts. ISBN 9789698553005.
  9. ^ IDSA News Review on South Asia/Indian Ocean. Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses. 1985.
  10. ^ Hussain, Syed Shabbir; Qureshi, M. Tariq (1982). History of the Pakistan Air Force, 1947-1982. Pakistan Air Force. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  11. ^ Copley, Gregory R. (1985). Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy. Copley & Associates. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  12. ^ Siddiqa-Agha, A. (2001). Pakistan's Arms Procurement and Military Buildup, 1979-99: In Search of a Policy. Springer. ISBN 9780230513525. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  13. ^ Burki, Shahid Javed; Baxter, Craig; LaPorte, Robert; Azfar, Kamal (1991). Pakistan Under the Military: Eleven Years of Zia Ul-Haq. Westview Press. ISBN 9780813379852.

External linksEdit

Military offices
Preceded by
Anwar Shamim
Chief of Air Staff
1985 – 1988
Succeeded by
Hakimullah