Jamal A. Khan
Air Chief Marshal Jamal Ahmad Khan Afridi (Urdu: جمال احمد خان; b. 15 April 1934) NI(m), SJ, SBt, is a retired four-star air officer who briefly tenured as the Chief of Air Staff of the Pakistan Air Force from 1985 until 1988. In addition, he also commanded the United Arab Emirates Air Force as its commander in 1977 until 1988.
Air Chief Marshal
Jamal Ahmad Khan
جمال احمد خان
|Chief of Air Staff|
6 March 1985 – 9 March 1988
|Preceded by||ACM Anvar Shamim|
|Succeeded by||ACM H.K. Durrani|
|President of Pakistan Squash Federation|
Jamal Ahmad Khan Afridi
April 15, 1934
Farrukhabad, Uttar Pradesh, British India
(Present-day in Uttar Pradesh in India)
|Branch/service||Pakistan Air Force|
|Years of service||1952–1988|
|Rank||Air Chief Marshal|
|Unit||No. 11 Squadron Arrows|
|Commands||Vice Chief of the Air Staff|
DCAS (Air Operations)
Pakistan Armed Forces–Middle East Command
UAE Air Force
JAG Corps, Air Force
|Battles/wars||Indo-Pakistani war of 1965|
Indo-Pakistani war of 1971
In 1952, he joined the Pakistan Air Force and was sent to attend the Pakistan Air Force Academy in Risalpur, and was one of the few cadets who were selected to attend the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado, United States.:348–349 Upon completing the pilot training program from the USAF Academy in 1953, Khan gained the commissioned in the No. 11 Squadron Arrows, initially trained to fly the British Supermarine Attacker.:349 He was further trained in the United States as a test pilot, eventually qualified to fly the F-104 Starfighter.:349:contents
In 1965, Squadron-Leader Jamal flew his F-104 to intercept the Indian Air Force's English Electric Canberra at 33,000 feet (10,000 m) above, shooting down the Canberra with a Sidewinder near the Fazilka district, inside Pakistani territory. This was recorded as the first kill achieved by an F-104 at night after a number of near misses.:94
In 1971, Wing-Commander Jamal continued flying his F-104 on the western front of the third war with India. Wg-Cdr. Jamal shot down, with AIM-9B missile, another Canberra, which resulting in perishing its pilot.:80
After the war, Group Captain Jamal was posted on a Command Operations Center at the Air AHQ in Islamabad until appointed as base commander of the Sargodha Air Force Base.:351 In 1975, Air Commodore Jamal joined the JAG Corps, Air Force, appointed its chief inspector and later judge advocate general.:351 For sometimes, Air Cdre. Jamal served as the ACAS (Plans) at the Air AHQ before promoting to the two-star rank, Air vice-marshal.:351
In 1977, AVM Jamal Khan was posted as an AOC at the Pakistan Armed Forces–Middle East Command, and taken as secondment when he took over the command of the United Arab Emirates Air Force as its commander until 1980.:351 During this time, AVM Jamal took over the command of the Pakistan Armed Forces–Middle East Command, serving its commander until 1980.:195–197 Upon returning, AVM Jamal flew the MiG-19 and MiG-21 for test trial purposes.:110 During this time, he went to the United States to complete his training to fly the F-16A and is also the first Pakistani to fly the F-16A in the United States, and returned to Pakistan.:349–351
In 1985, Air-Mshl. Jamal was promoted to four-star rank, Air Chief Marshal, and took over the command of the Air Force as its Chief of Air Staff.:199–200 In 1987, ACM Jamal launched the project to developed an designed the fighter jet, with the Grumman Aerospace as its consultant.:145 After completing his tenure, ACM (Gen.) Jamal was succeeded by ACM H.K. Durrani on 6 March 1988.:180 After his retirement, he settled in Islamabad, and worked as an aviation historian, contributing on the book on aerial aviation, The Story of the Pakistan Air Force, 1988-1998: A Battle Against Odds.:351
- "PAKISTAN AIR FORCE - Official website". www.paf.gov.pk. ISPR (Air Force Division). Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- Davies, Peter E. (2014). "Mach Power 2" (google books). F-104 Starfighter Units in Combat (1st ed.). Bloomington, IN, USA: Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 100. ISBN 9781780963143. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- Hali, PAF, Gp-Capt (Col.) S.M.; Sehgal, Ikram (May 2000). "F-104 Starfighters in Pakistan Air Force". www.defencejournal.com. Islamabad, Pakistan: Defence Journal, 2000. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- Singh, Nagendra Kr (2001). Encyclopaedia of Muslim Biography: I-M. A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. ISBN 9788176482332. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- The Army Quarterly and Defence Journal. West of England Press. 1986. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- Shaikh, A. Rashid (2000). The Story of the Pakistan Air Force, 1988-1998: A Battle Against Odds (google books) (1st ed.). Karachi, Pakistan: Shaheen Foundation. p. 414. ISBN 9789698553005. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- Bowman, Martin (2016). Cold War Jet Combat: Air-to-Air Jet Fighter Operations 1950-1972. Pen and Sword. ISBN 9781473874626. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- Rashid Shaikh, A. (2000). Excerpts. ISBN 9789698553005.
- IDSA News Review on South Asia/Indian Ocean. Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses. 1985.
- Hussain, Syed Shabbir; Qureshi, M. Tariq (1982). History of the Pakistan Air Force, 1947-1982. Pakistan Air Force. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- Copley, Gregory R. (1985). Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy. Copley & Associates. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- Siddiqa-Agha, A. (2001). Pakistan's Arms Procurement and Military Buildup, 1979-99: In Search of a Policy. Springer. ISBN 9780230513525. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- Burki, Shahid Javed; Baxter, Craig; LaPorte, Robert; Azfar, Kamal (1991). Pakistan Under the Military: Eleven Years of Zia Ul-Haq. Westview Press. ISBN 9780813379852.