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John Aloysius McKeon (/məˈkən/; born November 23, 1930),[1][2] nicknamed "Trader Jack," is an American former Major League Baseball manager[3] and front-office executive.

Jack McKeon
Jack McKeon and George W. Bush.jpg
McKeon (left) shaking hands with President George W. Bush (right) on January 24, 2004
Manager
Born: (1930-11-23) November 23, 1930 (age 88)
South Amboy, New Jersey
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
April 6, 1973, for the Kansas City Royals
Last MLB appearance
September 28, 2011, for the Florida Marlins
MLB statistics
Games managed1,972
Managerial record1,051–990
Winning %.515
Teams
Career highlights and awards

In 2003, at age 72, he won a World Series as manager of the Florida Marlins. Two full seasons removed from his previous managing job, McKeon had begun the 2003 season in retirement, but on May 11, he was induced to return to uniform to replace Jeff Torborg as the Marlins' skipper. The team was 16–22 and in next-to-last place in the National League East Division. Described upon his hiring by Marlins' general manager Larry Beinfest as a "resurrection specialist,"[4] McKeon led the Marlins to a 75–49 win-loss record, a wild card berth, victories over the San Francisco Giants and Chicago Cubs in the National League divisional and championship series playoffs, and then a six-game World Series triumph over the New York Yankees.

He remained at the helm of the Marlins through 2005, then retired at age 74. In 2011, he took over the Marlins on June 20 for a second time as interim manager following the resignation of Edwin Rodríguez and served out the season. In so doing he became, at 80, the second oldest manager in big league history, behind only Connie Mack. He retired again at the end of the season with a career managerial record of 1,051–990 (.515).

McKeon previously managed the Kansas City Royals (1973 to 1975), Oakland Athletics (parts of both 1977 and 1978), San Diego Padres (1988 to 1990), and Cincinnati Reds (1997 to 2000).

From July 7, 1980, through September 22, 1990, he served as the general manager of the Padres, assembling the team which won the 1984 National League pennant, the first in San Diego history.

CareerEdit

Minor league player and managerEdit

Born in South Amboy, New Jersey, McKeon was a 5 ft 8 in (1.73 m), 195 lb (88 kg) catcher who threw and batted right-handed. He played baseball for the College of the Holy Cross, and also attended Seton Hall University and Elon College, earning a bachelor of science degree in physical education.[5]

McKeon spent his entire early professional career (1949–64) in the minor leagues. He became a playing manager in 1955 at age 24, and then worked in the farm system of the original Washington Senators franchise, and its successor, the Minnesota Twins, handling Triple-A assignments for the Vancouver Mounties (1962), Dallas-Fort Worth Rangers (1963) and Atlanta Crackers (through June 21, 1964). He scouted for the Twins starting in mid-1964 before joining the Royals in 1968, one year before their Major League debut, as skipper of their Class A High Point-Thomasville farm team,[6] where he won the Carolina League playoff championship.[7] He led their Triple-A affiliate, the Omaha Royals of the American Association, from its founding in 1969 through 1972, and won two league titles.

Manager of Royals and AthleticsEdit

McKeon, then 42, was promoted to manager of the Kansas City Royals for 1973, succeeding Bob Lemon. The 1972 Royals had gone a disappointing 76–78 during the strike-shortened season, and moved into brand-new Royals Stadium in 1973. Paced by the slugging of first baseman John Mayberry, an All-Star performance from centerfielder Amos Otis and the 20-win season of left-hander Paul Splittorff, McKeon's 1973 club finished with a record of 88 wins and 74 losses (a .543 win percentage, the best record yet compiled by the five-year-old franchise), six games behind eventual world champion Oakland in the AL West and the fourth-best mark in the American League. The 1973 Royals also saw the mid-August call up of 20-year-old George Brett, the future Hall of Famer.

But the 1974 Royals could not sustain that momentum and finished 77–85 (.475), next-to-last in the West division. The following year, the 1975 Royals improved to a 50–46 mark by July 23, but the uptick was not enough to save McKeon's job.[8][9] He was replaced by Whitey Herzog, then a coach for the California Angels.[8][9] Herzog led Kansas City to three successive AL West titles (197678), and, in the 1980s, he would become one of McKeon's trading partners when both were general managers in the National League.

McKeon spent 1976 back in the minor leagues as skipper of the Richmond Braves of the International League. At season's end, he was named manager of the 1977 Oakland Athletics during a time when meddlesome team owner Charlie Finley was trading away veteran talent in anticipation of free agency. Nevertheless, McKeon had led the stripped-down 1977 A's to a respectable 26–27 mark by June 8, only six games out of first place in the AL West, when Finley shocked baseball by replacing him with Bobby Winkles.[10] McKeon remained in the Oakland organization, initially as an assistant to Finley for the rest of 1977 while the A's struggled under Winkles, going 37–71. Then, in 1978, McKeon returned to uniform as one of Winkles' coaches. History repeated itself when the undermanned A's roared off to a 19–5 start. They were still in first place at 24–15 on May 21 when Winkles resigned because of Finley's constant second-guessing and criticism of his job performance.[11] McKeon then returned to the manager's post and finished the 1978 season, with Oakland winning only 45 of 123 games and falling into sixth place in the seven-team AL West.

Fired again by Finley, McKeon departed the Oakland organization to manage the Denver Bears, Triple-A affiliate of the Montreal Expos, in 1979.

General manager of PadresEdit

McKeon then moved from the field into the front office. He began the 1980 season as the top assistant to Bob Fontaine, the general manager of the San Diego Padres. During the 1980 All-Star break, with the Padres in last place in the National League West Division, owner Ray Kroc and club president Ballard F. Smith fired Fontaine and replaced him with McKeon, making him a first-time general manager at the age of 49. During his first off-season, he set about rebuilding the Padres through a flurry of trades—earning his "Trader Jack" nickname.

He began by acquiring young catcher Terry Kennedy from Herzog's St. Louis Cardinals in an eleven-player deal. Over the next four off seasons, he would also trade for Dave Dravecky, Garry Templeton and Carmelo Martínez, draft young stars Tony Gwynn and Kevin McReynolds, and sign free agents Steve Garvey and Graig Nettles, the core of San Diego's 1984 National League champions. In June 1989, he traded his own son-in-law, pitcher Greg Booker.

He told the New York Times in 1988: "Why do I trade? I'm aggressive. I'm confident. I'm a gambler. I'm willing to make a trade and not be afraid I'll get nailed."[12]

Manager of Padres and RedsEdit

McKeon stayed in the front office through the terms of four different managers. When the fourth skipper, Larry Bowa, started 1988 at 16–30, McKeon took over the managerial reins himself on May 28. He led the Padres to a 67–48 mark for the rest of 1988, and an 89–73 record in 1989. But when his 1990 Padres stalled at 37–43 at the All-Star break, McKeon turned the team over to coach Greg Riddoch. Slightly more than two months later, he was ousted from the general manager's job when the Padres' new owner, Tom Werner, hired Joe McIlvaine away from the New York Mets.

McKeon was out of baseball in 1991–92 before joining the Cincinnati Reds in 1993 as a Major League scout and then senior adviser for player personnel, working under GM Jim Bowden. He was in his fourth season in the latter job on July 25, 1997, when at age 66 he was asked to return to the field as the replacement for Ray Knight as the club's manager. The Reds were 43–56 and nine games out in the National League Central Division, but McKeon coaxed them to a 33–30 mark for the rest of the season. He then survived a poor 1998 campaign, with Cincinnati again posting a sub-.500 (77–85) record and finishing 25 games out of first place in its division (though the Reds had lost talent from previous years and were actually considered to have overachieved). McKeon turned the Reds around in 1999, leading them to 96 victories and a tie for the National League wild card through the full 162-game season. However, the Reds were defeated 5–0 by the Mets in a one-game playoff held in their home ballpark, Cinergy Field, and were eliminated from the postseason. Nevertheless, McKeon was named 1999 NL Manager of the Year for his achievement.

On the eve of 2000 spring training, the Reds electrified their fans by acquiring superstar center fielder Ken Griffey, Jr. — a Cincinnati native and son of the Reds' coach and former star — in a trade with the Seattle Mariners. Young Griffey hit 40 home runs, but the Reds posted a disappointing 85–77 record and finished ten games behind the Cardinals. After the season ended, McKeon was relieved of his managerial duties.

Two-time NL Manager of the YearEdit

McKeon was again named National League Manager of the Year in 2003 — the result of leading the Marlins, who were six games below .500 when he took over on May 11, to a 75-49 record the rest of the way. The Marlins proceeded to win the National League pennant, and were then victorious in the World Series, defeating the New York Yankees in a considerable upset. At age 72, McKeon became the oldest manager to win the World Series. The victory came against the team for which he rooted in his youth, having lived in South Amboy, New Jersey and attending Yankee games while a child.[1]

On October 2, 2005, just after the Marlins won the last game of the 2005 season, McKeon announced that he would not be returning the following season. McKeon led the Marlins to three of the six winning seasons in franchise history, but the Marlins were undertaking a rebuilding process, exchanging for veterans for unproven youngsters, and there was a consensus within the organization that a managerial change was in order.

On June 20, 2011, after manager Edwin Rodríguez resigned, the Florida Marlins held a press conference to announce that McKeon had been named interim manager. "I don't need this job but I love it," McKeon said, in taking over a team that had lost 10 straight and 18 of its last 19.[according to whom?] He retired after the conclusion of the 2011 season.[13]

Personal lifeEdit

McKeon currently lives in Elon, North Carolina. Prior to his latest managerial stint, he was serving as a special assistant to Florida Marlins owner Jeffrey Loria.[14]

McKeon is a devout Catholic and attends daily Mass, even doing so while his team was traveling during his managerial career.[15] He attributes much of his success, especially the Marlins' win in the 2003 National League Championship Series, to the intercession of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux.[15][16]

In 1950, McKeon enlisted in the United States Air Force and played for the baseball team at Sampson Air Force Base in New York.[17]

McKeon is the author of two books, Jack of All Trades and I'm Just Getting Started.

McKeon's son, Kasey, was a minor league catcher from 1989–91 before becoming a scout; as of 2018, he is the director of player procurement of the Washington Nationals. Jack McKeon's grandson, Kellan, is a two-time state champion wrestler for Chapel Hill High School and was the captain of the wrestling team at Duke University.

On May 5, 2012, McKeon was inducted into the Fulton County Baseball & Sports Hall of Fame for his achievements with the Gloversville-Johnstown Glovers, in which he played for in 1950 and 1951 in Gloversville, New York.[18] On Tuesday, May 26, 2015, McKeon was inducted into the Irish American Baseball Hall of Fame, along with former Royals slugger Mike Sweeney, broadcaster Dave O'Brien, New York Mets public relations executive Shannon Forde, and Bill Murray, the comedic actor and owner of several minor league baseball teams. In 2017, McKeon was elected into the Padres Hall of Fame.[19]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Bodley, Hal (October 27, 2003). "Reality of title beats McKeon's wildest dreams". USA Today. p. 4C. McKeon grew up in Perth Amboy, N.J. As a youngster he made repeated trips to Yankee Stadium. 'I wanted to have my first World Series in Yankee Stadium,' he said. 'Win or lose, I wanted to play it in Yankee Stadium. What finer presence could I have than getting the opportunity to manage my first World Series team in Yankee Stadium.'
  2. ^ Reusse, Patrick (October 18, 2003). "McKeon, young Marlins work magic". Minneapolis Star Tribune. Tom Kelly and Jack McKeon share the hometown of South Amboy, N.J.
  3. ^ "Jack McKeon". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2015-05-10.
  4. ^ Nobles, Charlie (May 12, 2003). "BASEBALL: McKeon Replaces Torborg". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-06-02.
  5. ^ Marcin, Joe; Byers, Dick, eds. (1977). Official 1977 Baseball Register. St. Louis, Missouri: The Sporting News. ISBN 0-89204-022-X.
  6. ^ "1964 Atlanta Crackers Statistics – Minor Leagues". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
  7. ^ Johnson, Lloyd; Wolff, Miles, eds. (1997). The Encyclopedia of Minor League Baseball (2nd ed.). Durham, North Carolina: Baseball America. ISBN 978-0-9637189-8-3.
  8. ^ a b "Royals fire McKeon, hire Herzog". Spartanburg Herald. South Carolina. Associated Press. July 25, 1975. p. D1.
  9. ^ a b "Royals fire McKeon, hire Angles' Herzog". Milwaukee Sentinel. UPI. July 25, 1975. p. 1, part 2.
  10. ^ "Winkles takes over as Oakland skipper; McKeon gets axe". The Gadsden Times. June 11, 1977. Retrieved 2015-05-31.
  11. ^ Schoenfield, David (May 6, 2014). "The strange saga of the 1978 Oakland A's". ESPN.com. Retrieved 2015-05-31.
  12. ^ Durso, Joseph (December 7, 1988). "BASEBALL'S LEADING MATCHMAKER: For Jack McKeon, Engineering Trades is Hardly a Big Deal". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-05-31.
  13. ^ Nicholson, Ben (2011-09-26). "Jack McKeon To Retire : MLB Rumors". MLBTradeRumors.com. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
  14. ^ "The Real McCoy". www.daytondailynews.com. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
  15. ^ a b "A Career Sustained by Unwavering Faith". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
  16. ^ Beattie, Trent (2012-10-02). "Oldest Manager to Win World Series Still Enjoys Kid's Game | Daily News". NCRegister.com. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
  17. ^ McKeon, Jack and Fusco, Andy. "JACK MCKEON", Fulton County Baseball & Sports Hall of Fame website, 2016. Accessed 15 April 2018.
  18. ^ "Fulton County Baseball and Sports Hall of Fame". Emerydesigns.net. 1930-11-23. Archived from the original on 2013-02-21. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
  19. ^ Sanders, Jeff (March 29, 2017). "'Trader Jack' McKeon headed to Padres Hall of Fame". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Archived from the original on May 8, 2017.

External linksEdit

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Billy Hitchcock
Vancouver Mounties manager
1962
Succeeded by
Franchise transferred
Preceded by
Ray Murray
Dallas-Fort Worth Rangers manager
1963
Succeeded by
John McNamara
Preceded by
Harry Walker
Atlanta Crackers manager
1964
Succeeded by
Pete Appleton
Preceded by
Franchise established
Omaha Royals manager
1969–1972
Succeeded by
Harry Malmberg
Preceded by
Bob Lemon
Richmond Braves manager
1976
Succeeded by
Tommie Aaron
Preceded by
Doc Edwards
Denver Bears manager
1979
Succeeded by
Billy Gardner