The Kurdish Front (Arabic: جبهة الأكراد, transliterated: Jabhat al-Akrad; Kurdish: Eniya Kurdan), former full name: (لواء جبهة الأكراد لنصرة شعبنا السوري Liwa' Jabhat al-'Akrad l-Nusra Shaʿbnā al-Sūrī, "Brigade of the Kurdish Front for the Victory of the Syrian People"), is a predominantly Kurdish Syrian rebel faction participating in the Syrian Civil War.
جبهة الأكرادParticipant in the Syrian Civil War
|Active||22 January 2013 – present|
|Headquarters||Afrin District, Sheikh Maqsood, and Manbij Aleppo Governorate|
|Area of operations|
|Allies|| People's Protection Units|
Northern Democratic Brigade
Northern Sun Battalion
Syria (In Afrin)
Al-Nusra Front (sometimes, until June 2013)
|Opponent(s)|| Islamic State|
Turkey and Turkish-backed Free Syrian Army (since 2016)
|Battles and war(s)||Syrian Civil War
Jabhat al-Akrad operates in Kurdish and ethnically-mixed areas in northern Syria, such as Sheikh Maqsood and Ashrafiyeh districts of Aleppo city, Afrin Canton, the Shahba region, and the northern Raqqa Governorate.
During an interview with the commander of the group, Haji Ahmed Kurdi, in April 2014, he stated that Jabhat al-Akrad is part of a "project for a democratic Syria". The goal of the group is to establish a pluralist democracy in Syria, where "every people can live freely, those of different faiths can find their own space to live, and all constitutional rights will be guaranteed".
The Kurdish Front Brigade was originally formed on 22 January 2013 as a subgroup of the Free Syrian Brigade, affiliated with the Free Syrian Army, by Kurdish and Arab defectors from the Syrian Army. Since its founding members of the group also maintained close ties to the Democratic Union Party (PYD), including military coordination with its armed wing, the People's Protection Units (YPG). Some members of the Kurdish Democratic Progressive Party also joined Jabhat al-Akrad. After the Kurdish Front was formed, the influence of other Kurdish FSA groups such as the Azadî Battalion and the Saladin Ayubi Brigade began to decline.
In early 2013, Jabhat al-Akrad participated in the Siege of Menagh Air Base along with other rebel groups. On 28 May 2013, when several thousand FSA and jihadist rebels moved west to launch an attack on Kurdish fighters of the YPG in the Afrin region, the group withdrew its participation in the siege in order to join forces with the YPG to repel the attack on Afrin.
In early 2014, following several months of inactivity, Jabhat al-Akrad re-emerged to collaborate with other Free Syrian Army groups and other rebel factions in attacks on ISIL. During the fighting with ISIL, on 17 February, Jabhat al-Akrad's general commander, Alaa Ajabu, also known by his nom de guerre Abu Satif, was killed in action. On 28 February, ISIL withdrew from the strategic border town of Azaz, which was then taken by Jabhat al-Akrad, the Northern Storm Brigade, and al-Tawhid Brigade.
In July 2014, Jabhat al-Akrad and 10 other groups threatened to leave the frontlines in the Aleppo and Raqqa governorates if they are not aided by other rebels. Jabhat al-Akrad, as part of Euphrates Volcano, re-entered the Raqqa province after they broke the Siege of Kobanî in February 2015.
Army of Revolutionaries and Syrian Democratic ForcesEdit
On 3 May 2015, some of the former members of the northern branches of the Hazzm Movement, including the Atarib Martyrs Brigade, and the Syrian Revolutionaries Front along with Jabhat al-Akrad, the Dawn of Freedom Brigades main component group the Northern Sun Battalion (making the Dawn of Freedom Brigades defunct in the process) and smaller FSA groups formed the Army of Revolutionaries. Many of the northern members of the Syrian Revolutionaries Front and Hazzm Movement also joined the Levant Front.
In August 2016, Jabhat al-Akrad changed their logo, removing the Syrian independence flag in the process, though they kept the Arabic text. This represents the 4th logo the group has had. Their logos for their male and female units are different from the new main logo, as they sometimes employed Kurdish text. Their male unit is referred to in Kurdish as Hêzên Eniya kurdan (HJK) and their female unit asHêzên Jinên Kurdan (HEK).
- "تعازينا لأهلنا في الريف الشمالي والنظام المجرم سوف يحاسب على جرائمه".
- "بيان إلى الرأي العام".
- "بيان إلى الرأي العام".
- Partizan, Dr (9 July 2016). "Noticeable change for Jabhat Akrad logo on the right of the photo. FSA flag has been removed in the new logo.pic.twitter.com/1T3AQABfsL".
- Bahoz Deniz (20 April 2014). "Interview with Syrian Kurdish Jabhat al-Akrad Commander". Firat News Agency.
- "تشكيل أول كتيبة عسكرية لنساء مناطق الشهباء" (in Arabic). Hawar News Agency. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- ypj mediacenter (12 August 2016). "عفرين- اختتام دورة عسكرية لنساء مناطق الشهباء (كتيبة الشهيدة جيان احرص)". Retrieved 1 September 2016 – via YouTube.
- "Kurds Front: we will resist to the last gasp". Hawar News Agency. 24 October 2016.
- "Mohammed Abu Adel in brief". Hawar News Agency. 18 September 2017.
- "Alaa Ajabu". Violations Documentation Center in Syria. 17 February 2014.
- Civiroglu, Mutlu (11 August 2013). "Kurdish Commander: Jihadi Groups in Syria Have Hijacked FSA". Rudaw English. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "The formation of the rebel army". Hawar News Agency. 4 May 2015.
- "Kurds Front to Shahba residents: be patient, we are coming". Hawar News Agency. 3 September 2016.
- "The second course of the Kurdish Front finished". Hawar News Agency. 27 May 2017.
- ""Turkey not a friend of any people, not even its own people"". Firat News Agency. 21 September 2017.
- "The announcement of the formation of the first military regiment in Shahba". Hawar News Agency. 6 October 2017.
- van Wilgenburg, Wladimir (27 March 2014). "Syrian Kurds, rebels find common enemy in ISIS". Al Monitor. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "Rebels demand help as fighting rages against ISIS in Ghouta". The Daily Star. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
- Sheikho, Youssef (28 May 2013). "Syria: Border Clashes Pit FSA Against Kurds". Al-Akhbar. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- Genevieve Casagrande (22 November 2016). "THE ROAD TO AR-RAQQAH: BACKGROUND ON THE SYRIAN DEMOCRATIC FORCES" (PDF). Institute for the Study of War.
- "22 1 Ar Raqqa, announcement of the establishment of the Kurdish Front Brigade under the leadership of the Free Syrian Army". Zajil Network. 22 January 2013.
- "Thousands mourn the body of the martyr Adnan Sheikh Mohammed in Kobani". Kurdish Democratic Progressive Party. 13 June 2013.
- "Erdoğan's Kurdish gangs". ANF News. 12 December 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- "Report on the Recent Events Witnessed in Tal Abyad-Al Raqqa". Violation Documentation Centre in Syria. July 2013.
- "Syrian Kurds and rebels 'advance into IS-held Raqqa province'". BBC. 19 February 2015.
- "#Syria: Seven FSA groups (incl. Jabhat Akrad, Shams Shamal & Homs Revolutionary Union) form "The Revolutionary Army"". Twitter.
- "#SRO - EXCLUSIVE - Former Hazzm and #SRF forces allied with kurds and some #FSA small units to create Jaysh al-Thuwar (in 4 governorates)". Twitter.
- "Jabhat al-Akrad". 9 March 2017 – via Wikipedia.
- archicivilians (22 February 2015). "Looks like "Jabhat Akrad" recently changed something in their logo - added the Syrian flag again.#Syria #TwitterKurdspic.twitter.com/GIrPh5TnkO".