J. Ross Robertson Cup

The J. Ross Robertson Cup is a Canadian ice hockey trophy. It is awarded annually in junior ice hockey to the champion of the Ontario Hockey League playoffs. It was donated by John Ross Robertson to the Ontario Hockey Association in 1910, and is the third of three similarly named trophies he established. His other eponymous trophies for the OHA include, the J. Ross Robertson Cup awarded to the annual champions of Allan Cup Hockey, and the J. Ross Robertson Cup which was awarded to the annual champions of the discontinued intermediate division.

J. Ross Robertson Cup
Sterling silver bowl atop of a wooden plinth
SportIce hockey
LeagueOntario Hockey League
Awarded forPlayoffs champion
CountryCanada
History
First award1910–11
First winnerKingston Frontenacs
Most winsOshawa Generals (13)
Most recentGuelph Storm (4)

The J. Ross Robertson Cup has continuously been awarded as the playoffs championship trophy for the top tier of junior hockey in Ontario. The cup transitioned from the Ontario Hockey Association to the Ontario Major Junior Hockey League in 1974, and has been the championship trophy of the Ontario Hockey League since 1980. The winner of the J. Ross Robertson Cup has been eligible to compete for the Memorial Cup as the junior hockey champion of Canada since 1919.

HistoryEdit

 
John Ross Robertson

The J. Ross Robertson Cup was donated by John Ross Robertson on November 19, 1910, to be awarded annually to the champion of the junior ice hockey division in the Ontario Hockey Association (OHA).[1] Robertson served as president of the OHA from 1899 to 1905, had founded the Toronto Evening Telegram in 1876, helped establish The Hospital for Sick Children, and was a member of the House of Commons of Canada for Toronto East.[2] He was against professionalism in sports, and felt that "sport should be pursued for its own sake, for when professionalism begins, true sport ends".[3]

The OHA first established a junior hockey division for the 1892–93 season, and the J. Ross Robertson Cup was first awarded during the 1910–11 season.[1][4] The cup is a sterling silver bowl 18.5 inches (47 cm) tall, engraved with a hockey-playing scene and interlaced maple leaves in bas-relief.[1] The cup is the third of three similarly named trophies Robertson donated to the OHA, which included the J. Ross Robertson Cup for the annual champions of the senior division, and the J. Ross Robertson Cup for the annual champions of intermediate division.[2][5]

The Memorial Cup was founded in 1919, which gave the opportunity for each season's J. Ross Robertson Cup winner to partake in national playoffs arranged by the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association for the junior hockey championship of Canada.[6] The national playoffs culminated in an east-versus-west final, and the Eastern Canada junior champion was also awarded the George Richardson Memorial Trophy from 1932 to 1971.[7] In 1972, the Memorial Cup format changed to a round-robin tournament and the J. Ross Robertson Cup winner received an automatic berth in the tournament along with the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League and Western Hockey League champions.[6]

The OHA split junior hockey into A and B levels for the 1933–34 season. The junior-A level competed for the J. Ross Robertson Cup, and the junior-B level competed for the newly established Sutherland Cup.[8] The J. Ross Robertson Cup remained the playoffs championship trophy for the top tier of junior hockey in the OHA. The cup was awarded to the OHA Major Junior A Series champion from 1972 to 1974, the Ontario Major Junior Hockey League champion from 1974 to 1980, and has been the championship trophy of the Ontario Hockey League since 1980.[9]

The Ontario Hockey League established the Bobby Orr Trophy and the Wayne Gretzky Trophy in 1999, for the respective Eastern Conference and Western Conference champions which compete for the J. Ross Robertson Cup.[10] The Wayne Gretzky 99 Award was established in 1999, and is given to the most valuable player of the Ontario Hockey League playoffs at the conclusion of the J. Ross Robertson Cup finals.[11]

List of cup winnersEdit

1911 to 1932Edit

 
J. Ross Robertson Cup c. 1915

The J. Ross Robertson Cup champion was determined by a total-goals series from 1911 to 1932. The number of games played varied by season from one to three games.[12][13]

List of winning teams and finalists from 1911 to 1932.[notes 1]

Season Champion Total goals Finalist Subsequent results[notes 2]
1910–11 Kingston Frontenacs 21–11 Orillia Hockey Club not applicable[notes 3]
1911–12 Toronto Canoe Club Paddlers 16–7 Orillia Hockey Club
1912–13 Orillia Hockey Club 14–8 Woodstock Juniors
1913–14 Orillia Hockey Club 13–7 University of Toronto Schools
1914–15 University of Toronto Schools 16–11 Berlin Union Jacks
1915–16 Toronto Aura Lee 6–4 Berlin Union Jacks
1916–17 Toronto Aura Lee 18–5 Kitchener Union Jacks
1917–18 Toronto De La Salle College 10–8 Barrie Canoe Club
1918–19 University of Toronto Schools 8–7 Woodstock Juniors Toronto, 1919 Memorial Cup champion
1919–20 Toronto Canoe Club Paddlers 15–8 Stratford Midgets Toronto, 1920 Memorial Cup champion
1920–21 Stratford Midgets 7–3 Queen's University Stratford, 1921 Memorial Cup finalist
1921–22 Toronto Aura Lee 6–4 Toronto St. Mary's Aura Lee, Eastern Canada finalist
1922–23 Kitchener Colts 7–4 University of Toronto Schools Kitchener, 1923 Memorial Cup finalist
1923–24 Owen Sound Greys 12–7 Kitchener Colts Owen Sound, 1924 Memorial Cup champion
1924–25 Toronto Aura Lee 14–11 Owen Sound Greys Toronto, 1925 Memorial Cup finalist
1925–26 Queen's University 7–4 Owen Sound Greys Queen's, 1926 Memorial Cup finalist
1926–27 Owen Sound Greys 7–3 Newmarket Redmen Owen Sound, 1927 Memorial Cup champion
1927–28 Toronto Marlboros 4–3 Newmarket Redmen Toronto, Eastern Canada finalist
1928–29 Toronto Marlboros 4–3 Kitchener Greenshirts Toronto, 1929 Memorial Cup champion
1929–30 West Toronto Nationals 11–9 Niagara Falls Cataracts West Toronto, 1930 Memorial Cup finalist
1930–31 Niagara Falls Cataracts 12–7 West Toronto Nationals Niagara Falls, Eastern Canada finalist
1931–32 Toronto Marlboros 4–1 Newmarket Redmen Toronto, Lost in Eastern Canada quarterfinal

1933 to presentEdit

Since 1933, the J. Ross Robertson Cup champion has been determined by either the most wins in total-games series, or the most points earned in a series.[12][13]

List of winning teams and finalists since 1933.[notes 4]

Season Champion Series
(W–L–T)
Finalist Subsequent results[notes 5]
1932–33 Newmarket Redmen 2–1–1 Stratford Midgets Newmarket, 1933 Memorial Cup champion
1933–34 Toronto St. Michael's Majors 2–0 Stratford Midgets St. Michael's, 1934 Memorial Cup champion
1934–35 Kitchener Greenshirts Default
[notes 6]
Oshawa Majors Did not participate[notes 7]
1935–36 West Toronto Nationals 2–0 Kitchener Greenshirts West Toronto, 1936 Memorial Cup champion
1936–37 Toronto St. Michael's Majors 3–2 Stratford Midgets Toronto, Lost in Eastern Canada quarterfinal
1937–38 Oshawa Generals 3–0 Guelph Indians Oshawa, 1938 Memorial Cup finalist
1938–39 Oshawa Generals 3–0 Toronto Native Sons Oshawa, 1939 Memorial Cup champion
1939–40 Oshawa Generals 3–2 Toronto Marlboros Oshawa, 1940 Memorial Cup champion
1940–41 Oshawa Generals 4–3 Toronto Marlboros Oshawa, Eastern Canada finalist
1941–42 Oshawa Generals 3–2 Guelph Biltmore Mad Hatters Oshawa, 1942 Memorial Cup finalist
1942–43 Oshawa Generals 4–1 Brantford Lions Oshawa, 1943 Memorial Cup finalist
1943–44 Oshawa Generals 4–1 Toronto St. Michael's Majors Oshawa, 1944 Memorial Cup champion
1944–45 Toronto St. Michael's Majors 4–0 Galt Red Wings St. Michael's, 1945 Memorial Cup champion
1945–46 Toronto St. Michael's Majors 4–2 Oshawa Generals St. Michael's, 1946 Memorial Cup finalist
1946–47 Toronto St. Michael's Majors 4–0 Galt Red Wings St. Michael's, 1947 Memorial Cup champion
1947–48 Barrie Flyers 4–2 Windsor Spitfires Barrie, 1948 Memorial Cup finalist
1948–49 Barrie Flyers 4–0 Toronto Marlboros Barrie, Eastern Canada finalist
1949–50 Guelph Biltmore Mad Hatters 4–2 Windsor Spitfires Guelph, Eastern Canada finalist
1950–51 Barrie Flyers 4–2 Toronto Marlboros Barrie, 1951 Memorial Cup champion
1951–52 Guelph Biltmore Mad Hatters 4–1 St. Catharines Teepees Guelph, 1952 Memorial Cup champion
1952–53 Barrie Flyers 5–3 Toronto St. Michael's Majors Barrie, 1953 Memorial Cup champion
1953–54 St. Catharines Teepees 4–3 Toronto Marlboros St. Catharines, 1954 Memorial Cup champion
1954–55 Toronto Marlboros 4–2 St. Catharines Teepees Toronto, 1955 Memorial Cup champion
1955–56 Toronto Marlboros 4–1 Barrie Flyers Toronto, 1956 Memorial Cup champion
1956–57 Guelph Biltmore Mad Hatters 4–2 St. Catharines Teepees Guelph, Eastern Canada finalist
1957–58 Toronto Marlboros 4–1–1 Hamilton Tiger Cubs Toronto, Eastern Canada finalist
1958–59 Peterborough TPT Petes 3–2–3 Toronto St. Michael's Majors Peterborough, 1959 Memorial Cup finalist
1959–60 St. Catharines Teepees 4–1–1 Toronto St. Michael's Majors St. Catharines, 1960 Memorial Cup champion
1960–61 Toronto St. Michael's Majors 4–2–1 Guelph Royals St. Michael's, 1961 Memorial Cup champion
1961–62 Hamilton Red Wings 4–1 Toronto St. Michael's Majors Hamilton, 1962 Memorial Cup champion
1962–63 Niagara Falls Flyers 4–2 Toronto Neil McNeil Maroons Niagara Falls, 1963 Memorial Cup finalist
1963–64 Toronto Marlboros 4–0–1 Montreal Junior Canadiens Toronto, 1964 Memorial Cup champion
1964–65 Niagara Falls Flyers 4–1 Toronto Marlboros Niagara Falls, 1965 Memorial Cup champion
1965–66 Oshawa Generals 4–1 Kitchener Rangers Oshawa, 1966 Memorial Cup finalist
1966–67 Toronto Marlboros 4–0 Hamilton Red Wings Toronto, 1967 Memorial Cup champion
1967–68 Niagara Falls Flyers 4–3–1 Kitchener Rangers Niagara Falls, 1968 Memorial Cup champion
1968–69 Montreal Junior Canadiens 4–0–2 St. Catharines Black Hawks Montreal, 1969 Memorial Cup champion
1969–70 Montreal Junior Canadiens 4–2 Toronto Marlboros Montreal, 1970 Memorial Cup champion
1970–71 St. Catharines Black Hawks 4–0 Toronto Marlboros St. Catharines, Eastern Canada finalist
1971–72 Peterborough Petes 3–0–2 Ottawa 67's Peterborough, 1972 Memorial Cup finalist
1972–73 Toronto Marlboros 3–2–2 Peterborough Petes Toronto, 1973 Memorial Cup champion
1973–74 St. Catharines Black Hawks 4–0–1 Peterborough Petes St. Catharines, 3rd place at 1974 Memorial Cup
1974–75 Toronto Marlboros 4–3 Hamilton Fincups Toronto, 1975 Memorial Cup champion
1975–76 Hamilton Fincups 4–2 Sudbury Wolves Hamilton, 1976 Memorial Cup champion
1976–77 Ottawa 67's 4–2 London Knights Ottawa, 1977 Memorial Cup finalist
1977–78 Peterborough Petes 4–3 Hamilton Fincups Peterborough, 1978 Memorial Cup finalist
1978–79 Peterborough Petes 4–3 Niagara Falls Flyers Peterborough, 1979 Memorial Cup champion
1979–80 Peterborough Petes 4–0 Windsor Spitfires Peterborough, 1980 Memorial Cup finalist
1980–81 Kitchener Rangers 3–0–3 Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds Kitchener, 1981 Memorial Cup finalist
1981–82 Kitchener Rangers 4–0–1 Ottawa 67's Kitchener, 1982 Memorial Cup champion
1982–83 Oshawa Generals 4–0 Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds Oshawa, 1983 Memorial Cup finalist
1983–84 Ottawa 67's 3–1–2 Kitchener Rangers Ottawa, 1984 Memorial Cup champion
Kitchener, 1984 Memorial Cup finalist
1984–85 Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds 4–2–1 Peterborough Petes Sault Ste. Marie, 3rd place at 1985 Memorial Cup
1985–86 Guelph Platers 3–2–2 Belleville Bulls Guelph, 1986 Memorial Cup champion
1986–87 Oshawa Generals 4–3 North Bay Centennials Oshawa, 1987 Memorial Cup finalist
1987–88 Windsor Compuware Spitfires 4–0 Peterborough Petes Windsor, 1988 Memorial Cup finalist
1988–89 Peterborough Petes 4–2 Niagara Falls Thunder Peterborough, 3rd place at 1989 Memorial Cup
1989–90 Oshawa Generals 4–3 Kitchener Rangers Oshawa, 1990 Memorial Cup champion
Kitchener 1990 Memorial Cup finalist
1990–91 Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds 4–2 Oshawa Generals Sault Ste. Marie, 4th place at 1991 Memorial Cup
1991–92 Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds 4–3 North Bay Centennials Sault Ste. Marie, 1992 Memorial Cup finalist
1992–93 Peterborough Petes 4–1 Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds Sault Ste. Marie, 1993 Memorial Cup champion
Peterborough, 1993 Memorial Cup finalist
1993–94 North Bay Centennials 4–3 Detroit Junior Red Wings North Bay, 4th place at 1994 Memorial Cup
1994–95 Detroit Junior Red Wings 4–2 Guelph Storm Detroit, 1995 Memorial Cup finalist
1995–96 Peterborough Petes 4–3 Guelph Storm Peterborough, 1996 Memorial Cup finalist
Guelph, 4th place at 1996 Memorial Cup
1996–97 Oshawa Generals 4–2 Ottawa 67's Oshawa, 3rd place at 1997 Memorial Cup
1997–98 Guelph Storm 4–1 Ottawa 67's Guelph, 1998 Memorial Cup finalist
1998–99 Belleville Bulls 4–3 London Knights Belleville, 3rd place at 1999 Memorial Cup
1999–2000 Barrie Colts 4–3 Plymouth Whalers Barrie, 2000 Memorial Cup finalist
2000–01 Ottawa 67's 4–2 Plymouth Whalers Ottawa, 4th place at 2001 Memorial Cup
2001–02 Erie Otters 4–1 Barrie Colts Erie, 3rd place at 2002 Memorial Cup
2002–03 Kitchener Rangers 4–1 Ottawa 67's Kitchener, 2003 Memorial Cup champion
2003–04 Guelph Storm 4–0 Mississauga IceDogs Guelph, 4th place at 2004 Memorial Cup
2004–05 London Knights 4–1 Ottawa 67's London, 2005 Memorial Cup champion
Ottawa, 3rd place at 2005 Memorial Cup
2005–06 Peterborough Petes 4–0 London Knights Peterborough, 4th place at 2006 Memorial Cup
2006–07 Plymouth Whalers 4–2 Sudbury Wolves Plymouth, 3rd place at 2007 Memorial Cup
2007–08 Kitchener Rangers 4–3 Belleville Bulls Kitchener, 2008 Memorial Cup finalist
Belleville, 3rd place at 2008 Memorial Cup
2008–09 Windsor Spitfires 4–1 Brampton Battalion Windsor, 2009 Memorial Cup champion
2009–10 Windsor Spitfires 4–0 Barrie Colts Windsor, 2010 Memorial Cup champion
2010–11 Owen Sound Attack 4–3 Mississauga St. Michael's Majors Mississauga, 2011 Memorial Cup finalist
Owen Sound, 4th place at 2011 Memorial Cup
2011–12 London Knights 4–1 Niagara IceDogs London, 2012 Memorial Cup finalist
2012–13 London Knights 4–3 Barrie Colts London, 3rd place at 2013 Memorial Cup
2013–14 Guelph Storm 4–1 North Bay Battalion Guelph, 2014 Memorial Cup finalist
2014–15 Oshawa Generals 4–1 Erie Otters Oshawa, 2015 Memorial Cup champion
2015–16 London Knights 4–0 Niagara IceDogs London, 2016 Memorial Cup champion
2016–17 Erie Otters 4–1 Mississauga Steelheads Erie, 2017 Memorial Cup finalist
2017–18 Hamilton Bulldogs 4–2 Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds Hamilton, 3rd place at 2018 Memorial Cup
2018–19 Guelph Storm 4–2 Ottawa 67's Guelph, 3rd place at 2019 Memorial Cup
2019–20 OHL playoffs cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic – J. Ross Robertson Cup not awarded[21]
2020–21 Season cancelled during pandemic

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Champions, total goals and finalists as per the Ontario Hockey Association.[12]
  2. ^ Subsequent results as per Lapp & Macaulay.[14]
  3. ^ Inter-provincial and national playoffs for junior ice hockey under the jurisdiction of the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association began with the establishment of the Memorial Cup in 1919.[13]
  4. ^ Champions, total games and finalists from 1933 to 1971 as per the Ontario Hockey Association.[15] Champions, total games and finalists since 1972 as per Hockey Database.[16]
  5. ^ Subsequent results from 1933 to 1971 as per Lapp & Macaulay.[17]Subsequent results since 1972 as per the Memorial Cup archives maintained by the Canadian Hockey League.[18]
  6. ^ The Oshawa Majors were found to have used an ineligible player in the 1935 J. Ross Robertson Cup final. The Ontario Hockey Association retroactively declared the series defaulted by Oshawa and awarded the trophy to the Kitchener Greenshirts.[19]
  7. ^ The Oshawa Majors won the series for the 1935 J. Ross Robertson Cup and continued into the national junior playoffs. Kitchener did not continue in the playoffs while the protest was in progress.[20]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c John Ross Robertson fonds, Toronto, Ontario: University of Toronto Libraries, 1918
  2. ^ a b "Robertson, John Ross—Biography—Honoured Builder". Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. 1947. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
  3. ^ Young, Scott (1989). 100 Years of Dropping the Puck. Toronto, Ontario: McClelland & Stewart. pp. 46–47. ISBN 0-7710-9093-5.
  4. ^ "OHA History". Ontario Hockey Association. Retrieved February 1, 2021.
  5. ^ Podnieks, Andrew (2005), pp. 8–9
  6. ^ a b Podnieks, Andrew (2005), pp. 26–27
  7. ^ Podnieks, Andrew (2005), pp. 42–43
  8. ^ Fitsell, J.W. (Bill) (2012). Captain James T. Sutherland: The Grand Old Man of Hockey & The Battle for the Original Hockey Hall of Fame. Kingston, Ontario: Quarry Heritage Books. p. 78. ISBN 978-1-55082-374-5.
  9. ^ 2017–18 OHL Media Information Guide, pp. 168–169
  10. ^ 2017–18 OHL Media Information Guide, p. 145
  11. ^ "Wayne Gretzky 99 Award". Ontario Hockey League. Canadian Hockey League. May 12, 2017. Retrieved February 1, 2021.
  12. ^ a b c Ontario Hockey Association (2006), p. W-13
  13. ^ a b c Lapp & Macaulay (1997), p. 11
  14. ^ Lapp & Macaulay (1997), pp. 11–46
  15. ^ Ontario Hockey Association (2006), pp. W-13–14
  16. ^ "Ontario Hockey League". Hockey Database. Retrieved February 1, 2021.
  17. ^ Lapp & Macaulay (1997), pp. 46–160
  18. ^ "Memorial Cup Champions". Canadian Hockey League. 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2021.
  19. ^ Brown, Babe; Attersley, Bobby (1978). A History of the Oshawa Generals. One. Toronto, Ontario: Chimo Publishing. p. 2. ISBN 0-920344-07-0.
  20. ^ "Oshawa Quits Puck Playoffs". The Windsor Star. Windsor, Ontario. March 26, 1935. p. 29. 
  21. ^ Johnston, Patrick (March 23, 2020). "COVID-19 forces cancellation of CHL playoffs and 2020 Memorial Cup". The Province. Retrieved March 24, 2020.

SourcesEdit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit