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Joseph Edward Bromberg (born Josef Bromberger, December 25, 1903 – December 6, 1951) was a Romanian-born American character actor in motion picture and stage productions dating mostly from the 1930s and 1940s.

J. Edward Bromberg
Queen of the Amazons (1947) - J Edward Bromberg.jpg
Bromberg in Queen of the Amazons (1947)
Born
Josef Bromberger

(1903-12-25)December 25, 1903
Temesvár, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary
DiedDecember 6, 1951(1951-12-06) (aged 47)
London, UK
Resting placeMount Hebron Cemetery, New York City
OccupationActor
Years active1926–1950
Spouse(s)Goldie Doberman (1927–?; 3 children)

Early yearsEdit

Born to a Jewish family in Temeschburg (Temesvár), Austria-Hungary (now Timişoara, Romania),[1] Bromberg was 11 months old when his parents, Herman and Josephine Roth Bromberg,[2] emigrated to the United States with him in the second cabin class on the S/S Graf Waldersee, which sailed from Cuxhaven, Germany, 18 March 1905 and arrived at the Port of New York, 31 March. They settled in New York City. After graduating from Stuyvesant High School,[3][4] he attended City College of New York for two years[2] and then went to work to help pay for acting lessons with the Russian coach Leo Bulgakov, who had trained with Konstantin Stanislavski.

CareerEdit

 
J. Edward Bromberg dominating the Group Theatre's Broadway production Gold Eagle Guy (1934)

By virtue of his physique, the short, somewhat rotund actor was destined to play secondary roles. Bromberg made his stage debut at the Greenwich Village Playhouse and in 1926 made his first appearance in a Broadway play, Princess Turandot.[5] The following year, Bromberg married Goldie Doberman,[2] with whom he had three children.

Occasionally credited as J.E. Bromberg'[5] and Joseph Bromberg, he performed secondary roles in 35 Broadway productions and 53 motion pictures until 1951. For two decades, Bromberg was highly regarded in the New York theatrical world and was a founding member of the Civic Repertory Theatre (1928–1930) and of the Group Theatre (1931–1940).

Bromberg made his screen debut in 1936 under contract to Twentieth Century-Fox. The versatile actor played a wide variety of roles ranging from a ruthless New York newspaper editor (in Charlie Chan on Broadway) to a despotic Arabian sheik (in Mr. Moto Takes a Chance). Although he spoke with no trace of an accent, he was often called upon to play humble immigrants of various nationalities. When Warner Oland, the actor who played Charlie Chan, died in 1938, Fox considered Bromberg as a suitable replacement, but the role ultimately went to Sidney Toler.[1] Fox began loaning Bromberg to other studios in 1939 and finally dropped him from the roster in 1941. He kept working for various producers, including a stint at Universal Pictures in the mid-1940s.

Bromberg's most outstanding attribute was his facility with sensitive character roles; he could take a standard, undistinguished supporting part and make it unforgettably sympathetic. In Hollywood Cavalcade he portrays Don Ameche's friend who knows he will never get the girl; in Three Sons he is the lowly business associate who longs to be given a partnership; in Easy to Look At he is the once-great couturier now reduced to night watchman.

In September 1950, the anti-communist magazine Red Channels accused Bromberg of being a member of the American Communist Party. Subpoenaed to testify before the House Committee on Un-American Activities in June 1951, Bromberg refused to answer any questions in accordance with his Fifth Amendment rights.

DeathEdit

As a result, he was blacklisted from Hollywood. He suffered enormous stress from the ordeal; friends noted that he aged considerably in a very short time. In 1951 Bromberg sought work in England, but died within the year of a heart attack while working in the London play The Biggest Thief in Town. He was just a few weeks short of his forty-eighth birthday.

In 1952, he and seven other Group Theater members were named by Elia Kazan as Communist Party members in testimony before the House Un-American Activities Committee.

Broadway rolesEdit

Partial filmographyEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Liebman, Roy (2017). Broadway Actors in Films, 1894–2015. McFarland. pp. 38–39. ISBN 9781476626154. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Chase, Dick (June 10, 1938). "Story of J. Edward Bromberg, Screen Character Actor". The Wisconsin Jewish Chronicle. Wisconsin, Milwaukee. p. 9. Retrieved June 2, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.  
  3. ^ "Guide to the J. Edward Bromberg Papers, 1924-1951" (PDF). The New York Public Library for the Performing Arts. 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-11. Retrieved 2007-11-01.
  4. ^ Cones, John. Motion Picture Biographies: The Hollywood Spin on Historical Figures. pp. 21 and 37. ISBN 9781628941166.
  5. ^ a b "J. Edward Bromberg". Internet Broadway Database. The Broadway League. Archived from the original on 3 June 2018. Retrieved 3 June 2018.

External linksEdit