Izh (river)

The Izh (Russian: Иж; Udmurt: Оӵ, Otš; Tatar: Cyrillic Иж, Latin İj [iʒ]) is a river in Udmurtia and Tatarstan, Russian Federation, a right-bank tributary of the Kama. It is 259 kilometres (161 mi) long, of which 97 kilometres (60 mi) are in Tatarstan, and its drainage basin covers 8,510 square kilometres (3,290 sq mi).[1] It begins near Malye Oshvortsy, Udmurtia and falls to the Nizhnekamsk Reservoir, Kama River, near Golyushurma tract in Agryzsky District, Tatarstan.

Izh, İj, Otš
Izh River.JPG
Location
CountryUdmurtia and Tatarstan, Russia
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationMalye Oshvortsy, Udmurtia
MouthKama
 • location
Nizhnekamsk Reservoir
 • coordinates
56°02′15″N 52°54′04″E / 56.03750°N 52.90111°E / 56.03750; 52.90111Coordinates: 56°02′15″N 52°54′04″E / 56.03750°N 52.90111°E / 56.03750; 52.90111
Length259 km (161 mi)
Basin size8,510 km2 (3,290 sq mi)
Discharge 
 • average587 m3/s (20,700 cu ft/s), maximum in 1979
Basin features
ProgressionKamaVolgaCaspian Sea

The river's major tributaries are the Agryzka, Chazh, Kyrykmas, Varzinka, Varzi and Azevka rivers. The mineralization 300 to 500 mg/l. Its drainage is regulated. The Izhevsk Reservoir was constructed in 1760 to supply Izhevsk industry with water. Since 1978 it is protected as a natural monument of Tatarstan. There are notable mineral springs in Izh valley.[2] Izhevsk and Agryz are the cities along the river.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ «Река ИЖ», Russian State Water Registry
  2. ^ "Иж". Tatar Encyclopaedia (in Tatar). Kazan: The Republic of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Institution of the Tatar Encyclopaedia. 2002.