Ivy Ling Po
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Huang Yu-chun (born 16 November 1939 in Shantou, Republic of China), known by her final stage name Ivy Ling Po, is a retired Hong Kong actress and Chinese opera singer. She is best known for a number of mega-hit Huangmei opera films in the 1960s, especially The Love Eterne (1963) which made her an Asian superstar overnight. She played an important role in the entertainment industry for preserving the Huangmei opera art form.
|Ivy Ling Po|
|Pinyin||Líng Bō (Mandarin)|
|Jyutping||Ling4 Bo1 (Cantonese)|
|Born||Huang Yu-chun (黃裕君)|
Huáng Yùjūn (pinyin)
N̂g Jū-kun (Pe̍h-ōe-jī)
Wong4 Jyu6-gwan1 (jyutping)
16 November 1939
Shantou, Guangdong, China
|Other names||Jun Haitang (君海棠)|
Shen Yan (沈雁)
(m. 1955; div. 1956)
(child marriage with a married man forced by her foster mother)
Chin Han (m. 1966)
|Children||Benson Sy (b. 1956)|
Kenneth Bi (b. 1967)
Daniel Bi (b. 1974)
She has used many names in her past. When she was a young child, she was sold to a family in Xiamen (Amoy), where she took on the name Jun Haitang (Chinese: 君海棠; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kun Hái-tông) and worked as a domestic maid. After reaching preadolescence, her foster mother forced her to enter the Hong Kong movie industry to exploit her. She first acted in Amoy Hokkien films under the stage name Xiaojuan (Chinese: 小娟; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Sió-koan), later in Cantonese films under the stage name Shen Yan (Chinese: 沈雁; Jyutping: Sam2 Ngaan6), before finally entering the Shaw Brothers Studio to act in Mandarin films as (Ivy) Ling Po (Chinese: 凌波; pinyin: Líng Bō) and rising to superstardom.
1950s - 1960sEdit
Ivy Ling Po was born in Shantou, China and resided at Xiamen for a time before moving to Hong Kong. Her first screen appearance was in the Ha-Yuen movie Love of Young People (1951) at the age of twelve under the name of Xiao Juan with the Amoy movie company. Besides appearing in more than 50 Hokkien movies, she also dubbed for other movie companies and particularly Huangmei Operas for Shaw Brothers. She was discovered by Li Han-hsiang while dubbing for the Shaw Brothers' opera Dream of the Red Chamber and cast as Liang Shanbo in The Love Eterne (Liang Shanbo yu Zhu Yingtai also known as Liang Zhu) in 1962 with Betty Loh Ti. The judges at the 2nd Golden Horse Awards were so impressed by her performance that they created a special award for her citing "Outstanding Performance". One year later, Ivy Ling Po took home the coveted title of Asian Movie Queen when she won the "Best Actress" award at the 11th Asian Film Festival for her superlative performance in Lady General Hua Mu-lan. She would add the "Most Versatile Talent" award to her collection when she won it at the 12th Asian Film Festival a year later for her role as a young prince in The Grand Substitution and a scholar in The Mermaid. She became the leading figure in the Huangmei Opera genre and was usually cast in male roles. Every year without fail, Ivy Ling Po would make the list of the Top Ten stars in Hong Kong in polls conducted by magazines and newspapers. Indeed, she was at no. 1 for many years in annual polls conducted by Cinemart magazine.
To avoid being type-cast, she tried successfully for various roles in wuxia and contemporary genres. On one of her contemporary outings, she picked up a Golden Horse Best Actress award playing the ill-fated wife of Kwan Shan in Too Late for Love.
1970s - 1980sEdit
In 1975, a bit role as a neglected empress in Li Han-hsiang's "Empress Dowager" won her the "Best Supporting Actress" award. Despite her limited screen time in this sprawling epic, it is remarkable that she won this award despite tough competition. After her contract with Shaw Brothers Studio ended in 1975, she went on to act in other television series and films with her husband. A plum movie role in which she had to age from a teenager to an old woman in Father, Husband, Son won her another Golden Horse Best Actress award. Her last screen appearance was in the movie Golden Swallow (1987) playing an evil witch. She retired after that and emigrated with her family, Chin Han and three sons, to Toronto, Ontario, Canada in 1989.
Ivy Ling Po made a spectacular career resurgence in 2002 when she teamed up with another veteran Shaw actress Hu Chin to stage Butterfly Lovers. Two original cast members Li Kun & Jen Chieh were also on hand to recreate their respective roles. She toured extensively with this stage version of her signature movie bringing it to Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan & United States. This stage musical was so successful that Ivy had to restage it two years later in Taiwan. A double DVD set was released in 2003 by Rock Records.
Since then, Ivy Ling Po has staged numerous concerts in Taiwan, USA and Malaysia. Her two concerts at Genting City Of Entertainment in Malaysia in 2005 were particularly memorable as she brought along her close friends Hu Chin, Chin Hsiang Lin & Yueh Hua to sing with her. Fans flew in from as far away as USA, Australia, Taiwan & Hong Kong to pay homage.
In 2006, Ivy Ling Po returned to the Hong Kong Coliseum as part of a large group of singers for the Everlasting Golden Hits concert. She sang her signature songs from The Love Eterne, even duetting with Lisa Wang who sang the part of Zhu Yingtai. In addition, she thrilled audiences with her definitive version of Jiao Dao from The Crimson Palm and claimed her song back from cover versions sung over the years by Tsin Ting, Jenny Tseng and Yao Su Rung.
Many in the audience went specially to see her despite the presence of other top singers like Frances Yip, Eliza Chan, Susanna Kwan, Wah Wa (sister of Liu Yun), Sandra Lang, Kenny Bee, Johnny Yip & Adam Cheng. A 3-CD set has been released in HK by Kinston Entertainment & a DVD/VCD release followed a few months later.
With many of her Shaw movies being re-released by Celestial, Ivy Ling Po has become a hot star again. She was in the first batch of Hong Kong celebrities who were invited to open the Avenue of Stars in April 2004 in Tsim Sha Tsui. Her handprints and signature are now prominently displayed there affirming her status as one of the greats of the Hong Kong film industry.
In January 2006, Ivy Ling Po was awarded the WIFTI-HK Professional Achievement Award with the re-release and screening of the remastered The 14 Amazons at Hong Kong Visual Arts Centre. Ivy received the award from Dr Charles Wang, director of Salon Film (HK) Ltd.
On 8 April 2006, the couple attended the 25th Hong Kong Film Awards with son Kenneth Bi and daughter-in-law Rosa Li. To their delight as parents, they witnessed him receive the "Best New Director" award for his work on Rice Rhapsody, in which they also made a cameo appearance.
Indeed, 2006 promises to be a very good year as Ivy Ling Po and Chin Han celebrate 40 years of wedded bliss with ex-Shaw stars Chin Ping, Fang Yin, Chiao Chiao, Cheng Pei-pei, Helen Ma, Ching Li, Tanny Tien Ni, Yueh Hua, Allyson Chang Yen, Lily Li, Ti Lung & Chen Hung Lieh.
In October 2006, Ivy Ling Po, Hu Chin and Xie Lei performed for adoring fans at Star City in Sydney, Australia. The response was so overwhelming that each of the 2 concerts lasted for close to 3 hours.
Ivy Ling Po was also the special guest star at the Frances Yip S.U.C.C.E.S.S concert held at the Queen Elizabeth Theatre in Vancouver on 30 October. Although she only sang 3 songs, it was sufficient to please her many fans who flocked to the concert from all over USA and Canada.
As 2006 draws to a close and IVL is preparing to release 2 more of her classic movies The Mirror & The Lichee (on 23 November 2006) & Duel for Gold (in Dec 2006) on DVD/VCD, Ivy Ling Po has found recognition and fame amongst the young movie lovers of today who appreciate good acting and charisma.
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The Love Eterne legacyEdit
Two Huangmei Opera movies, The Love Eterne and another titled Hung Niang were filmed in tandem in 1962. Filming commenced first on Hung Niang with Margaret Tu Chuan in the title role. At the same time, Li Han-Hsiang was looking around for a fresh face to cast the main male character for The Love Eterne which was due to begin filming. He made the momentous decision to cast Ivy Ling Po in the role instead of a male actor. Due to competition with Cathay who was filming Butterfly Lovers at the time, Shaw Brothers pushed for a quicker completion of The Love Eterne. When it became a box office hit, the decision was taken to completely destroy the film Hung Niang in which Ling Po acted in a female role, as it was feared the release of the film would detract her popularity as a male impersonator. Although the Cathay version starred two movie queens Teresa Li Li-hua and Lucilla Yu Ming, the Shaw version which was released 20 months earlier completely overshadowed it and Ivy Ling Po became a household name. When she went to Taipei to promote the movie, she was mobbed by thousands at the airport and who lined the streets. Everywhere she went, they yelled Brother Liang, a nickname that has stuck to this day. Some fans even threw the real gold to her. Tai Pei was named "Crazy City" because her fans loved her crazily. Some people saw The Love Eterne more than 50 or 100 times and Run Run Shaw issued a statement that these superfans are not to be charged for their tickets anymore.
Hung Niang was later remade in 1964 as West Chamber with Ling Po taking on the role of the scholar played by Chiao Chuang in the uncompleted "Hung Niang".
- Special Award : Outstanding Performance (2nd Golden Horse Awards) - Love Eterne (1963)
- Best Actress (11th Asian Film Festival, 1964) - Lady General Hua Mulan (1964)
- Most Versatile Talent(12th Asian Film Festival,1965)- The Mermaid(1965)
- Best Actress (6th Golden Horse Awards, 30 October 68) - Too Late for Love (1966)
- Best Actress (20th Asian Film Festival, 15 June 74) - Father, Husband, Son
- Best Supporting Actress (Asian Film Festival) - Empress Dowager (1975)
- WIFTI-HK Professional Achievement Award (2006) presented during RR of 14 Amazons in HK.
Titles & dates of release courtesy of Hong Kong Film Archive
- RR = remastered and released on DVD
- R = released without being remastered probably in the wrong aspect ratio
Amoy (Hokkien) FilmsEdit
- Love Of Young People - 1951
- Judge Bao Judges Yueying - 20 November 1955
- The Phoenix's Flirtation With Twin Dragons (Meng Lijun,The Sequel) - 25 November 1955
- Meng Jiangnu's Wail Shattered The Great Wall-6 July 1955
- Meng Lijun (A Reborn Love) - 26 August 1955
- The Cowherd And The Weaving Girl - 8 September 1955
- The Story Of Third Madam Li - 12 May 1955
- Liang Shanbo & Zhu Yingtai - 3 August 1955
- Xuemei Teaches Her Son - 15 September 1955
- Chen Shimei Denies His Wife - 20 September 1955
- Love's Obligation - 13 April 1955
- Flower Terrace - 15 November 1956
- The Death Of Daiyu (Back To Heaven) - 18 May 1956
- The Phoenix Returns Home - 6 June 1956
- Tiger Wang Snatches His Bride - 11 May 1956
- Lady Red-Broom - 11 February 1956
- Dream Of The Red Chamber - 22 November 1956
- An'an Searches For His Mother - 20 December 1956
- Lianli Gives Birth To Han Qi - 22 May 1956
- Nazha Creates Havoc In The East Sea - 21 February 1956
- Wang Zhaojun - 26 April 1956
- Judge Bao's Night Trial Of Guo Huai - 2 December 1956
- Madam Zhou Cheng In Search Of Her Husband - 13 December 1956
- 8 Immortals In Jiangnan(8 Immortals Cross The Sea) - 24 May 1957
- Monk Ji Gong - 4 April 1957
- Peach Blossom Weeps Blood - 6 June 1957
- Third Madam Teaches Her Son - 2 October 1957
- Xiaofeng - 5 November 1957
- Mulian Saves His Mother - 3 November 1957
- Love Mismatched - 14 February 1957
- Strange Tales Of An Empty Chest - 6 May 1957
- Burning Of Red Lotus Temple - 1 February 1957
- Meeting On The Magpies Bridge - 21 September 1957
- Burning Of Red Lotus Temple, The Sequel - 2 February 1957
- True And False Romance - 12 October 1957
- The Battle Between Red Kid & Monkey King - 18 January 1957
- Xuemei Misses Her Husband - 26 February 1958
- Choosing A Son-In-Law - 17 September 1958
- Lu Mengzheng Wins The Bride's Embroidered Ball-8 May 1958
- Mr Wang Marries His Daughter To Hong Kong - 22 November 1958
- Hot Lady - 19 May 1958
- Discarded Body In A Bathroom - 7 August 1958
- Shrews From Afar - 5 June 1958
- Marry Into Your Own Class - 4 April 1958
- Harmony Between The In-Laws - 3 July 1958
- Teddy Girls - 30 October 1958
- The True Story Of Mazhu - 1 January 1958
- Crossroads - 24 September 1958
- Burning Of Red Lotus Temple Part 3–14 January 1959
- Burning Of Red Lotus Temple Part 4–17 January 1959
- Queen Of Folk Songs - 17 April 1959
- Miss Jinfeng - 28 March 1959
- I Love Young Men - 17 June 1959
- Suffer For My Wife - 8 September 1959
- Brother Wang And Brother Liu - 1959
- Miss Singapore - 3 September 1959
- He Has Taken Her For Another - 4 September 1959
- Miss Cuicui - 7 February 1959
- Phony Phoenixes - 31 July 1959
- Mr Wang Throws A Birthday Party - 3 April 1959
- A Perfect Match - 11 March 1959
- Who Is Not Amorous? - 21 February 1959
- The Love Of A Pedicab Driver - 16 January 1959
- Who Is The Murderer? - 16 April 1959
- A Girl In Love - 27 March 1959
- True Love - 14 January 1959
- The Maiden Catches The Culprit - 24 December 1959
- Mr Wang's New Year - 21 February 1959
- Liu Hai Meets Fairy - 1961
- Little Wild Cat (Xiao Ye Mao) - date of release unknown
- Long Feng Pei - date of release unknown
- Secret Swordswoman (Shen Mi Nu Xia) - date of release unknown
- Zai Jia Xin Niang - date of release unknown
- Fan Li Hua - date of release unknown
- Seven Daughters Of Tsoi - 21 February 1962
- The Grandest Of All Families - 13 February 1962
- The Little Happy Star - 9 February 1962
- Renegade (The Criminals) - 19 April 1963
- Cantonese Opera : Fu Gwai Wing Wah Tai Yat Ka (with Yam Kim Fai) - date of release unknown
Shaw Brothers StudioEdit
Huangmei Opera DubbingsEdit
- Dream Of The Red Chamber - 2 August 1962 (RR-2004)
- Return Of The Phoenix - 24 July 1963 (RR-2007)
- The Adulteress (Xiao Bai Cai) - 8 August 1963 (RR-2006)
- The Lotus Lamp - 8 July 1965 (RR - 2004)
- The Pearl Phoenix - 4 February 1967 (RR-2003)
Huangmei Opera FilmsEdit
- Hung Niang - 1962 (not released -see last paragraph in biography)
- The Love Eterne - 3 April 1963 (RR - 2003)
- A Maid From Heaven (Seven Fairies) - 11 December 1963 (RR - 2004)
- Lady General Hua Mu-lan - 18 June 1964 (RR - 2004)
- The Crimson Palm - 28 October 1964 (RR-2007)
- The Female Prince - 10 December 1964 (RR - 2006)
- Inside The Forbidden City - 16 October 1965 (RR - 2003)
- The Grand Substitution - 15 April 1965 (RR - 2003)
- The Mermaid - 29 January 1965 (RR - 2005)
- The West Chamber - 10 October 1965 (RR - 2004)
- Dawn Will Come - 2 March 1966
- The Perfumed Arrow - 23 November 1966
- The Mirror And The Lichee - 9 November 1967 (RR - 2006)
- Forever And Ever - 20 January 1968
- The Three Smiles - 24 September 1969 (RR - 2003)
Wuxia/Martial Arts FilmsEdit
- Temple Of The Red Lotus - 1 October 1965 (RR - 2003)
- The Twin Swords - 1965 (RR - 2007 of March)
- Sword And The Lute - 21 April 1967 (RR - 2006)
- Duel for Gold - 16 November 1971 (To be RR - Dec 2006)
- The Mighty One - 1972 (RR - July 2006)
- The Crimson Charm - 16 July 1971 (RR - 2005)
- The 14 Amazons - 27 July 1972 (RR - 2006)
- Finger Of Doom - 14 April 1972 (RR - 2005)
- Flight Man (The Daredevil) - 1972
- Unarmed Combat - not completed in 1972
- Between Tears and Smiles - 18 January 1964 (RR - 2005)
- Vermilion Door - 26 August 1965 (RR - 2003)
- The Mating Season (Guest Star) - 1966
- Song of Tomorrow - 12 October 1967 (RR - 2005)
- Too Late For Love - 29 March 1967 (RR - 2003)
- Raw Passions - 4 September 1969 (RR - 2005)
- The Younger Generation - 12 March 1970 (RR - 2003)
- A Cause To Kill - 15 January 1970 (RR - 2004)
- The Silent Love - 2 April 1971 (RR - 2003)
- It's All In The Family - 1974 (RR - 2006)
Historical Drama FilmsEdit
- Empress Dowager - 21 March 1975 (RR - 2003)
- The Last Tempest - 21 February 1976 (RR - 2003)
Post Shaw BrothersEdit
Huangmei Opera Films & TV ProductionsEdit
- Dream Of The Red Chamber - 18 May 1978 (R on LD & VCD in 1993 ; OUT OF PRINT)
- The Imperious Princess (Jin hsi yu ye) - 25 July 1980 (R on LD & VCD in 1990 ; OUT OF PRINT)
- Imperial Matchmaker - 1982 (R on VCD in Malaysia by Zestbase)
- Butterfly Lovers 40 - 2002 [Stage] (RR in 2003)
- The Lute (Pi Pa Ji)- TV movie release date unknown (RR on DVD in Taiwan without English subs)
1. The Dream Of The Red Chamber and The Imperious Princess have been remastered by Warner Bros and screened on Celestial Channel. Both remastered prints are in the correct aspect ratio of 2.35:1 with English subtitles.
2. Imperial Matchmaker marked the only pairing on film of two famed male impersonators : Ivy Ling Po and Yang Lihua.
3. The Imperious Princess marked the final huangmei dubbing of Ivy Ling Po & Tsin Ting together on film. Tsin Ting is billed as Kwok Tsin Ting in the credits.
Wuxia/Martial Arts FilmsEdit
- The Chinese Amazons(Women Soldiers) - 11 February 1975 (R on Tai Seng VHS in USA ; OUT OF PRINT)
- The Prominent Eunuch Chen Ho - 18 October 1977 (R on LD & VCD ; OUT OF PRINT)
- A Rescue From Hades (Mulian Saves His Mother) - release date unknown
- 15 Female Warriors Of The Sa Family - 1981
- Long Nuu Xin Fan (Dragon Girl Descends From Heaven) - 1982
- New Pilgrims To The West - 1986
- Liu Zhu Hui Nen Zuan (Legend Of Liu Zhu Hui Nen Buddha) - 1987
- Golden Swallow - 16 December 1987 (RR - 2002)
1. The Prominent Eunuch Chen Ho is retitled The Great Chase for the laserdisc and VCD release. Laser disc features an English soundtrack not on VCD.
2. Ivy Ling Po has cameos in both A Rescue From Hades & New Pilgrims To The West as Kuan Yin, the Goddess Of Mercy.
3. A Rescue From Hades has been remastered in the correct aspect ratio of 2.35:1 with English subtitles and screened on Celestial channel.
4. 15 Female Warriors Of The Sa Family reunites Ivy Ling Po with ex-Shaw stars Ching Li & Chiao Chiao. This movie also co-stars Kue Ya Lei as the eldest sister, Tang Lan Hua and Han Hsiang Chin. The villain is played by Chen Hsing.
- Father Husband Son - 1974
- Crossroad - 1976
- Mother - 1982 (R on Tai Seng VHS in USA dubbed in Cantonese)
- The Lost Generation (Feng shui er shi nien) - 1983
Crossroad has been remastered by Warner Bros in the correct aspect ratio of 2.35:1 with English subtitles and screened on Celestial channel.
The Lost Generation grossed HK$1.548M and starred Chen Chen, Ivy Ling Po, Betty Ting Pei, Paul Chang Chung, Kwan Shan, Jenny Tseng, Chin Han (Ivy's husband), Yi Lei, Roy Chiao, Rosemund Kwan, Sibelle Hu, Kue Ya Lei, Chen Kuan Tai, Ke Chun Hsiung, Chin Han and Ching Miao among other stars. Written and directed by Liu Chia Chang.
- Eight Thousand Li of Cloud and Moon
- 7 Lives Becoming Couple (Qi Shi Fu Qi) - 16 April 1972
- Spring In Jiangnan - 1980
- Wu Tu Wu Ming - 1981
- Chang Lang Qi Tan - 1982
- Man Feng He Ming - 13 February 1983
- Qin Gui He Chu - 1984
- Fan Pu - 1986
- Ta Men De Gu Shi - 1986
- Jui Gan Pao Tiao Peng - 1986
- Jin Fen Wang Chao - 1986
- Qin Suo - 1986
- (in Chinese) 感謝養母對我不好 才有今天
- Laikwan Pang, Day Wong Masculinities and Hong Kong cinema - Page 21 - 2005 "Ivy Ling became the Shaw Brothers' top star thereafter, all the while playing the male roles in opera-derived films or overtly ... He specialized in opera films and historical dramas, scripting a number of films for Ivy Ling, but also for Li Li-hua and ..."
- Hong Kong Cinema: A Cross-cultural View -Kar Law, Frank Bren, Sam Ho - 2004 Page 264 "IVY LING PO (BORN IN 1939) Ivy Ling Po is a star whose stardom must count as one of the most curious in world film history. She is a screen goddess who made her mark playing men. In 1962, when Shaw Bros. was casting for the hung mei ..."
- 张梦瑞 -金嗓金曲不了情 - 2003 Page 100 ISBN 9570826428 "因此當李翰祥拍《梁祝》時,就大膽起用小娟,同時為她改了「凌波」這個藝名。想不到竟一炮而紅。凌波不只歌聲甜美,演技也可說無懈可擊,當時邵氏、國泰兩家大公司搶拍《梁祝》(國泰由李麗華、尤敏擔綱) ,每天馬不停蹄地作業,演員也全力配合。"