Ivinj archeological site

The Ivinj archeological site is an archeological site near Pirovac, Dalmatia.[1] The site was recognized as a cultural heritage site on 20 July 2012. It was awarded the status of a protected cultural monument by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Croatia.

Ivinj archeological site
The Ivinj archeological site with Saint Martin’s Church.jpg
The Ivinj archeological site, with Saint Martin's Church
LocationPirovac
RegionDalmatia
TypeArcheological site
History
Periods1st Century AD
DesignationProtected cultural monument

The site encompasses a Roman Villa, Basilica, a baptistery, and the Church of Saint Martin.[2]

Roman villaEdit

The remnants of a Roman villa in Ivinj date back to the first century AD. The villa was built by an unknown immigrant who moved to Ivinj after the Batonian uprising had ended. At the beginning of the 1st century, they constructed a building that had both residential and economic functions. Through later modifications, this building grew into a large rustic villa.

It featured its own inner courtyard, oil production areas, storage rooms and quarters for the workers. A separate, luxuriously furnished section of the villa was used by the owner. Remnants of a mosaic found in the villa support the appraisal of a luxurious lifestyle. The artifacts are on permanent exhibit in the Katunarić Palace in Tisno.[3]

Basilica and baptisteryEdit

In the 5th century, a basilica was added to the villa. A baptistery was added in the 6th century.[3]

Church of Saint MartinEdit

In the Middle Ages, the Church of Saint Martin was built by Croats on the land of the Villa Rustica. This church has been preserved through the centuries, and Holy Mass is held there every year on 11 November.[3] The Church of Saint Martin in Ivinj provides evidence of the cult of Saint Martin in Dalmatia for the period of the 6th to the 11th century.[4]

From the 12th century onwards, people were buried at the Church of Saint Martin along with the jewelry that they had worn during their lives.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Matthias Koeffler: Dalmatien; Trescher Verlag, Berlin, 2012 p.150
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-17. Retrieved 2013-07-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ a b c d "Ivinj Archeological Site (Ivinj, Northern Dalmatia, Croatia) | Aquarius Online". www.aquarius-online.com. Archived from the original on 2014-01-27. Retrieved 2013-07-14.
  4. ^ "Trpimir Vedriš: "Frankish" or "Byzantine" Saint? The origins of the cult of Saint Martin in Dalmatia" (PDF).