Itoman (糸満市, Itoman-shi, Okinawan: イチマン Ichiman or イチュマン Ichuman) is a city located in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. The city occupies the southern tip of Okinawa Island. As of April 2013, the city has an estimated population of 59,605 and a population density of 1,335.53 persons per km². The total area is 46.63 km².
Clockwise from top left:Cenotaph of Himeyuri, Okinawa Peace Memorial Square, Itoman Central Market, Aerial in Itoman City, View of Akasaki from Cape Kyan
Location of Itoman in Okinawa Prefecture
|• Mayor||Akira Uehara|
|• Total||46.63 km2 (18.00 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Tree||Banyan tree|
|- Flower||Madagascar Periwinkle|
|- Flowering tree||Bougainvillea|
|- Fish||Spangled emperor|
|Address||1-1 Shiozaki-cho, Itoman-shi, Okinawa Prefecture|
Itoman sits on a flat tableland with craggy rolling hills of Ryukyuan limestone which range between Cape Kyan to the south and the sugar cane fields in front of Yozadake to the north. The south of the town is known for its steep sea cliffs around Cape Kyan and the Mabuni Cliffs.
Itoman has a long history as a fishing port. In the pre-modern period its fisherman ventured as far as the Indian Ocean. Records indicate that the fisherman made contact with Australia and New Guinea. By 1908 the village of Itoman numbered 8,000 residents, almost all involved in the fishing industry. Men of Itoman worked on fishing boats, and women worked at the transport and sale of fish in the prefectural capitol of Naha. In 1918 Naha and Itoman were connected by a horse-drawn tram. The line spanned 12 kilometres (7.5 mi). The Okinawa Prefectural Railways Itoman Line was established in 1924, and operated until 1945.
Itoman was a final front of the Battle of Okinawa in World War II. The area saw enormous casualties to both military forces and civilians. Itoman is noted for the Himeyuri Butai, a field hospital nursing corps of 221 high-school students who committed suicide at the end of the battle.
Itoman was established as a town in 1908. In 1961 it absorbed the villages of Kanegusuku, Takamine, and Miwa. Itoman was elevated to city status on December 1, 1971.
Itoman is administered from the city hall in Shiozaki. The Itoman Board of Education oversees the preschool, elementary, and middle school, community education centers, and sports facilities of the city. The Itoman City Council consists of 23 members who serve a four-year term, and are led by a chairperson (Isao Uehara) and vice-chairperson (Isao Tokuzato) of the council.
Fishing remains the primary industry of the city of Itoman.
- 滝原康盛 Takihara Yasumori. 沖縄語会話集 日本語・沖縄語・ローマ字付き Okinawago Kaiwashū: Nihongo, Okinawago, Rōmaji-tsuki. (Okinawan Conversation Collection: Japanese, Okinawan, Romaji.) 那覇:沖縄芸能出版 Naha: Okinawa Geinō Shuppan. Heisei 6 (1994). p. 108. (in Japanese)
- "Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary 首里・那覇方言データベース コーレーグス". Okinawan Center of Language Study, University of the Ryukyus 琉球大学 沖縄言語研究センター. Retrieved 2016-07-10. (in Japanese)
- 統計情報 [Statistical Information] (in Japanese). Itoman, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan: City of Itowan. 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "Itoman". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 56431036. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "糸満（市）" [Itoman]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 153301537. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-12-14.
- "Himeyuri Butai". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 56431036. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
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