Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan
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The Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan (IRP or IRPT; Tajik: Ҳизби Наҳзати Исломии Тоҷикистон Hizbi Nahzati Islomii Tojikiston, Persian: حزب نهضت اسلامی تاجیکستان; also known as the Islamic Renaissance of Tajikistan, the Islamic Revival Party of Tajikistan, the Islamic Party of Revival, or simply the Islamic Renaissance Party) is a banned Islamist political party in Tajikistan. Until 2015, it was the only legal Islamist party in Central Asia.
|Deputy Chairman||Sayidumara Husayn|
|Membership (2015)||40,000 (claimed)|
|Status||Designated as a terrorist organization by Tajikistan|
|Seats in the National Assembly|
0 / 33
|Seats in the Assembly of Representatives|
0 / 63
The group was founded in 1990. In 1992, the party hosted a conference in Saratov, Russia, attended by Islamists from ex-Soviet central Asia, Tatarstan and Bashkortostan. When Tajikistan became independent, it was banned in 1993. It fought with the United Tajik Opposition and the Garmi people against the government during the Tajik Civil War but was legalised following peace accords in 1998. In 1999 it was the second largest party in Tajikistan.
At the elections held on 1 March 2015 the Party failed to surpass the 5% vote barrier, losing its only 2 seats in Parliament.
In a 15 August 2018 Washington Post story, regional expert Paul Stronski, a Senior Fellow in the Russia and Eurasia program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, said a 31 July 2018 attack on seven Western cyclists in Tajikistan is being blamed on members of the party even though ISIS claimed responsibility for the attack. Other news reports noted that the five attackers appeared in a video released by ISIS after the attack pledging allegiance to the group and its leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.
IRPT is one of the founding organizations of National Alliance of Tajikistan, an opposition coalition of four Tajik political movements.
Claims of state pressureEdit
In April 2014, the party denounced official harassment and alleged government attempts to undermine their credibility and electoral chances, as parliamentary elections were scheduled in 2015.
In the runup to the 1 March 2015 legislative elections, a wide-ranging government-induced campaign, to demonize the party and bar its candidates from entering the contest, was reported.Template:Eurasianet
On 28 August 2015, the government of Tajikistan demanded the party halt its "illegal activities" as it attempted to hold a party congress. The party claimed that the government was attempting to close it down.
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- Tajikistan’s Feeble Opposition Attacked Relentlessly Ahead of Weekend Vote - Edward Lemon, EurasiaNet, 26 February 2015
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