Islamic Group (Lebanon)

The Islamic Group (Arabic: الجماعة الإسلامية Al-Jama'ah Al-Islamiyah) is a Sunni Islamist political party in Lebanon. Jamaa Islamiya was founded in 1964 as the Lebanese branch of the Muslim Brotherhood. In fact, it was established by young members of 'Ibad al Rahman (or the Worshipers of the Merciful). Its origins, as documented by Nizar Hamzeh, go back to the height of Gamal Abdel Nasser's efforts at Arab unity in the mid-1960s.[1] It supports the idea of establishing a legal order in Lebanon that is based on Islamic shari'a. As a local branch it closely follows the doctrines of the Muslim Brotherhood.[1] Fathi Yakan was the group's grandfather and main ideologue who is a veteran Islamist scholar and preacher from Tripoli.[1]

Islamic Group
الجماعة الإسلامية
LeaderAzzam Al-Ayyoubi
FounderFaysal Mawlawi, Fathi Yakan
Founded1964; 60 years ago (1964)
Armed wingAl-Fajr Forces
IdeologySunni Islamism
Social conservatism
Political positionCentre-right to right-wing
ReligionSunni Islam
International affiliationMuslim Brotherhood
Parliament of Lebanon
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Official Site

Its ex-leader is Ibrahim Al-Masri, who succeeded its former leader Faisal Mawlawi due to sickness. The party entered the 2009 Lebanese general election beside the Future Movement in Beirut's 3rd electoral district. Currently they have 1 seat in the Lebanese Parliament.[2][3][4]

The Islamic Group's armed wing, the al-Fajr Forces, launched missiles into Israel during the 2023 Israel-Lebanon border clashes,[5][6][7] in what The National called a "resurgence... after almost 20 years of relative inactivity."[8] Bassem Hammoud, the deputy head of the Islamic Group's political bureau, clarified that his party was "not in complete alignment with Hezbollah... [b]ut we are with them in terms of resistance against Israel."[8] On 10 March 2024, three members of the Islamic Group were killed after an Israeli strike on the town of Aqroub.[9] On April 26, an Israeli drone strike on a car in Meidoun killed two Islamic Group members, including senior commander Mosab Khalaf.[10][11]

See also



  1. ^ a b c Saab, Bilal Y.; Magnus Ranstorp (2007). "Securing Lebanon from the Threat of Salafist Jihadism" (PDF). Studies in Conflict and Terrorism. 30 (10): 825–855. doi:10.1080/10576100701561236. S2CID 110251115. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
  2. ^ A. Nizar Hamzeh "Islamism in Lebanon: A Guide to the Groups", Middle East Quarterly, 1997, 4, pp. 47-53.
  3. ^ Kamal Shayya, Rania Sabaayon, Ghassan Makarem, Makram Kamel, Mustafa Hazim "Islamic Movements in Lebanon", Masar Association, Aِugust 2009.
  4. ^ Gary C. Gambill "ISLAMIST GROUPS IN LEBANON", Middle East Review of International Affairs, 2007, 11.
  5. ^ ""قوات الفجر": وجهنا ضربة صاروخية استهدفت مواقع العدو في الأراضي المحتلة وحققت إصابات مباشرة". Al-Manar TV. 2023-10-18. Retrieved 2023-11-12.
  6. ^ "رئيس المكتب السياسي للجماعة الإسلامية في لبنان: أعددنا العدة للمعركة مع الاحتلال". Quds News Network. Retrieved 2023-11-12.
  7. ^ "Iran Update, November 5, 2023". Institute for the Study of War. 2023-11-05. Retrieved 2023-11-12.
  8. ^ a b Nada Homsi (2023-10-31). "'We're with the resistance': Hezbollah allies the Fajr Forces join Lebanon-Israel front". The National. Retrieved 2023-11-12.
  9. ^ "'الجماعة الإسلامية' في لبنان تنعى 3 شهداء". MTV Lebanon (in Arabic). Retrieved 2024-03-10.
  10. ^ "IDF kills senior commander of Jama'ah terror group in Lebanon". The Jerusalem Post. 2024-04-26. Retrieved 2024-04-26.
  11. ^ "Hezbollah fires 30 rockets at north after IDF drone strike kills allied terrorists". The Times of Israel. 26 April 2024. Retrieved 27 April 2024.