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Isandlwana (Zulu pronunciation: [ísanˈdɮwáːna])[2] (older spelling Isandhlwana, also sometimes seen as Isandula) is an isolated hill in the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa. It is located 105 miles (169 km) north by northwest of Durban.[3] The name is said to mean abomasum, the second stomach of the cow, because it reminded the Zulus of its shape.

Isandlwana
Isandlwanamassgrave.JPG
Isandlwana with a British cairn marking a grave from the Battle of Isandlwana
Highest point
Elevation1,284 m (4,213 ft) [1]
ListingList of mountains in South Africa
Coordinates28°21′7″S 30°39′6″E / 28.35194°S 30.65167°E / -28.35194; 30.65167Coordinates: 28°21′7″S 30°39′6″E / 28.35194°S 30.65167°E / -28.35194; 30.65167
Geography
Isandlwana is located in KwaZulu-Natal
Isandlwana
Isandlwana
Location in KwaZulu-Natal
LocationKwaZulu-Natal
Parent rangeDrakensberg foothill
Climbing
First ascentUnknown
Easiest routeFrom Dundee

Contents

HistoryEdit

This mountain has historical significance. On 22 January 1879, Isandlwana was the site of the Battle of Isandlwana, where approximately 22,000 Zulu warriors defeated a contingent of approximately 1,350 British and Native troops in one of the first engagements of the Anglo-Zulu War.[4] The force was largely wiped out by the Zulus under Ntshingwayo kaMahole Khoza. The battle remains the single greatest defeat for the British Army at the hands of a native army.[5]

Isandlwana hill rises 10 miles (16 km) southeast of Rorke's Drift, a ford on the Buffalo River, a tributary of the Tugela River.

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