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The Iona Community, founded in 1938 by George MacLeod, is an ecumenical Christian community of men and women from different walks of life and different traditions within Christianity.

It and its publishing house, Wild Goose Publications,[1] are headquartered in Glasgow, Scotland, but its main activities take place on the island of Iona, and, to a lesser extent on Mull, in Argyll and Bute.[2]


The community began as a project led by George MacLeod, at that time a minister of the Church of Scotland in Govan, Glasgow, to close the gap which he perceived between the church and working people.[3] He took a group of ministers and working men to Iona to rebuild the ruined medieval Iona Abbey together.[4] The community which grew out of this was initially under the supervision of an Iona Community Board reporting to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, but later the formal links with the Church of Scotland were loosened to allow the community more scope for ecumenical involvement.

Community life and activitiesEdit

The Iona Community is a dispersed community. It has members who work and live throughout the world. There are 270 Full Members, around 1,800 Associate Members and 1,600 Friends of the Community.[5] Among them are Presbyterians, Anglicans, Lutherans, Quakers, Roman Catholics and people of no denominational allegiance. The community has a strong commitment to ecumenism and to peace and justice issues.[2]

The Iona Community runs three residential centres: Iona Abbey and the MacLeod Centre on the island of Iona, and Camas Tuath on Mull.[2] Weeks at the centres often follow a programme related to the concerns of the Iona Community, and people are invited to come and share the life[citation needed]. A regular feature of a visit to Iona is a pilgrimage around the island which includes meditations on discipleship; when the pilgrims reach the disused marble quarry or the machair, the common ground where the crofters once grazed sheep, for example, they stop for reflection on work and faithfulness.[6]

The community has its own ecumenical liturgy which is used daily in the abbey and elsewhere.


Amongst the most widely known song and liturgical material from the Iona Community is the experimental worship developed by the Wild Goose Resource Group, based in Glasgow. The Group exists to enable and equip congregations and clergy in the shaping and creation of new forms of relevant and participative worship, particularly concerned with enabling John Bell, Graham Maule and Jo Love supported by a small administrative team led by Gail Ullrich.[7][8]

Along with a team of local Glaswegians, they also run a monthly, city-centre workshop and worship event, Holy City.[9]

Bell and Maule, with their collaborators, the Wild Goose Worship Group and more recently, the Wild Goose Collective, have produced around 50 published books and CDs since the mid-1980s.[8] In the 1980s and 1990s, the Wild Goose Worship Group was highly influential in introducing songs from other cultures (particularly those from South Africa) to the repertoire of churches in the UK and elsewhere.

The approaches and practices of the Wild Goose Resource Group have been widely imitated and written about.[10][11][12][13][14][15] Collections of Wild Goose Resource Group songs and texts have been published internationally, including translations into Swedish,[16] Norwegian,[17] Finnish, Japanese, Dutch, West Frisian, Danish and German.

Leaders and notable membersEdit

The leader of the community is elected by the members. The leaders to date are:

  1. George MacLeod 1938-1967
  2. Ian Reid 1967-1974
  3. Graeme Brown 1974-1981
  4. Ron Ferguson 1982-1988
  5. John Harvey 1988-1995
  6. Norman Shanks 1995-2002
  7. Kathy Galloway 2002-2009
  8. Peter MacDonald 2009-2017
  9. Michael Marten 2017
  10. Christian MacLean, Kathy Galloway 2018-2020

Bruce Kenrick, the founder of housing organisation Shelter, was a member.[18]

Rev Maxwell Craig, first general secretary of Action of Churches Together in Scotland (ACTS), was a member.[19]

Miles ChristiEdit

Miles Christi was a name given to the members of the Iona Community by its founder George MacLeod. The origin of this image of being a Soldier for Christ may have its roots in Martin of Tours who as a former Roman soldier applied similar discipline to Christian life and was a great inspiration to the early Church in Scotland. St Martin's Cross, a high Celtic Cross carved in stone, stands to this day outside the entrance to the Church of Iona Abbey. The image also reflects a tradition of someone remaining on watch. The early Christian Community on Iona founded by St Columba sent members out to evangelise mainland Scotland and beyond, with some members remaining behind. George MacLeod had been a decorated soldier in the First World War. He founded the Iona Community just before the outbreak of the Second World War.

Publishing activitiesEdit

The community's publishing group, Wild Goose Publications, produces books on social justice, political and peace issues, holistic spirituality, healing, and innovative approaches to worship, including music (books, tapes, CDs), short drama scripts and material for personal reflection and group discussion. Many of these are the work of John L. Bell and the Wild Goose Resource Group.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b c "About the Iona Community". The Iona Community. Archived from the original on 5 May 2010. Retrieved 11 March 2010.
  3. ^ Ferguson, Ron (2001). George MacLeod: Founder of the Iona Community. HarperCollins. ISBN 1-901557-53-7.
  4. ^ "Biography of Reverend George MacLeod, Lord MacLeod of Fuinary". University of Glasgow. 1 February 2008. Retrieved 11 March 2011.
  5. ^ Craig, Maxwell (May 2009). "REPORT OF THE IONA COMMUNITY BOARD May 2009" (PDF). Church of Scotland. Retrieved 11 March 2010.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Iona Abbey Worship Book, 2007, pg. 164)|date=November 2009
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 March 2010. Retrieved 2 April 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ a b
  9. ^
  10. ^ Hawn, C.Michael, Gather Into One: Praying and singing globally, Eerdmans Publishing Co., Grand Rapids/ Cambridge, 2002; p.189-223, ISBN 0-8028-0983-9
  11. ^ Forrester, Duncan B., & Gay (editors), Doug, Worship and Liturgy in Context: Studies and case studies of contemporary Christian practice, SCM Press, Norwich, 2009, ISBN 978-0-334-04168-9
  12. ^ Forrester, Duncan B. & Murray, Douglas M. (editors), Studies In The History Of Worship In Scotland, T. & T. Clark, Edinburgh, 1984, 1996; p187-188
  13. ^ Rudebark, Victoria, Den Genomskinliga Platsen, Verbum Forlag, Stockholm, 2002, ISBN 91-526-2867-1
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^[permanent dead link]
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^ White, Michael (19 January 2007). "The Rev Bruce Kenrick". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 March 2010.
  19. ^ Shanks, Norman (26 October 2009). "The Rev Maxwell Craig". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 April 2014.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit