Inuinnaqtun (IPA: [inuinːɑqtun]; natively meaning 'like the real human beings/peoples'), is an Inuit language. It is spoken in the central Canadian Arctic. It is related very closely to Inuktitut, and some scholars, such as Richard Condon, believe that Inuinnaqtun is more appropriately classified as a dialect of Inuktitut.[4] The government of Nunavut recognises Inuinnaqtun as an official language in addition to Inuktitut, and together sometimes referred to as Inuktut.[2][5] It is spoken in the Northwest Territories as well and is recognised as an official language of the territory in addition to Inuvialuktun and Inuktitut.[3]

Native toCanada (Nunavut and Northwest Territories)
Native speakers
1,310 (2016 census)[1]
Early forms
Official status
Official language in
Northwest Territories[3]
Regulated byInuit Tapiriit Kanatami[citation needed]
Language codes
ISO 639-1iu
ISO 639-2iku Inuktitut
ISO 639-3ikt Inuinnaqtun, Western Canadian Inuktitut
Inuit dialects. Inuinnaqtun is olive green.
Inuinnaqtun is classified as Definitely Endangered by the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger
CountryInuinnait Nunangat,
Inuit Nunangat
ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᓄᓇᖓᑦ

Inuinnaqtun is used primarily in the communities of Cambridge Bay, Kugluktuk and Gjoa Haven in the Kitikmeot Region of Nunavut. Outside Nunavut, it is spoken in the hamlet of Ulukhaktok,[6] where it is also known as Kangiryuarmiutun, forming a part of Inuvialuktun.[7] It is written using the Roman orthography[8] except in Gjoa Haven, where Inuit syllabics are used (as for Natsilingmiutut).

Inuinnaqtun phrases Edit

Stop sign, "Nutqarrit" in Inuinnaqtun
English Inuinnaqtun pronunciation
Goodbye Ilaanilu /ilaːnilu/
Good morning Ublaami /ublaːmi/
How are you? Qanuritpin /qanuɢitpin/
I am fine Naammaktunga /naːmːaktuŋa/
I am good Nakuyunga /nakujuŋa/
How about you? Ilvittauq /ilvitːauq/
What are you doing? Huliyutin? /hulijutin/
What are you going to do? Huliniaqpin? /huliniaqpin/
I'm not going to do anything Huliniahuanngittunga /huliniahuaŋːitːuŋa/
I love you Piqpagiyagin /piqpaɡijaɡin/
I don't know Nauna /nauna/
Yes/Yeah Ii /iː/
No Imannaq /imanːaq/
Who are you? Kinauvin? /kinauvin/
Where are you from? Namirmiutauyutin? /namiɢmiutaujutin/
Where am I? Namiitunga? /namiːtuŋa/
Who is that person? Kina taamna? /kina taːmna/
Where is the store? Nauk niuvirvik? /nauk niuviɢvik/
How much is this? Una qaffitaalauyuk? /una qafːitaːlaujuk/
Do you have a phone? Talafuutiqaqtutin? /talafuːtiqaqtutin/
Do you have a camera? Piksaliutiqaqtutin? /piksaliutiqaqtutin/
Can you cut this? Una pilakaalaaqtan? /una pilakaːlaːqtan/
Would you like to go for a walk? Pihuuyarumayutin? /pihuːjaɢumajutin/
This is nice Una pinniqtuq /una pinːiqtuq/
I am going to work Havagiarniaqpunga /havaɡiaɢniaqpuŋa/
I am going home now Angilrauniaqpunga /aŋilɢauniaqpuŋa/
I am hungry Kaagliqpunga /kaːɡliqpuŋa/
I need help (help me) Ikayullannga /ikajulːaŋːa/
I like those Aliagiyatka taapkua /aliagijakta /taːpkua/
I will see you tomorrow Aqaguttauq /aqaɡutːauq/
My name is... Atira... /atiɢa/
I have a daughter Paniqaqpunga /paniqaqpuŋa/
I have a son Irniqaqpunga /iɢniqaqpuŋa/
Thanks Quana /quana/
Thank you Quanaqqutin /quanaqːutin/
Thank you very much Quanaqpiaqqutin /quanaqpiaqːutin/
You are welcome Ilaali /Ilaːli/
May I ask you a question? Apirillaglagin? /apiɢilːaɡlaɡin/
One Atauhiq /atauhiq/
Two Malruuk /malɢuːk/
Three Pingahut /piŋahut/
Four Hitaman /hitaman/
Five Talliman /talːiman/
Knife Havik /havik/
Fork Kapuraut /kapuɢaut/
Spoon Aluut /aluːt/
Plate Akkiutaq /akːiutaq/
Cup Qallut /qalːut/
That's all! Taima! /taima/

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ "Census in Brief: The Aboriginal languages of First Nations people, Métis and Inuit". Retrieved 2017-11-12.
  2. ^ a b Official Languages Act, S.Nu. 2008, c. 10, s. 3(1) with Inuit Language Protection Act, S.Nu. 2008, c. 17, s. 1(2).
  3. ^ a b Official Languages Act, RSNWT 1988, c. O-1, s. 4 in its 2003 version; PWNHC: Official Languages of the Northwest Territories
  4. ^ Condon, Richard; Julia Ogina; The Holman Elders (1996). "Foreword". The Northern Copper Inuit. University of Toronto Press/University of Oklahoma Press. p. xix. ISBN 0-8020-0849-6. Retrieved 2011-02-09. ...the majority of Holman residents speak the central Arctic dialect, Inuinnaqtun...
  5. ^ "We Speak Inuktut". Retrieved 2021-02-27.
  6. ^ "Let's Speak Inuinnaqtun - About Us". Retrieved 2021-02-27.
  7. ^ Inuvialuit Cultural Centre: Inuvialuit Digital Library – Language Resources
  8. ^ CBC Original Voices: Inuinnaqtun

Further reading Edit

  • Harnum, Betty; McGrath, Janet; Kadlun, Margo. Inuinnaqtun Lessons Phase 1 : Copper Dialect of the Inuit Language. Cambridge Bay, N.W.T.: Kitikmeot Inuit Association, 1982.
  • Harper, Kenn. Current Status of Writing Systems for Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun and Inuvialuktun. [Yellowknife, N.W.T.]: Northwest Territories, Culture and Communications, 1992.
  • Ohokak, Gwen; Kadlun, Margo; Harnum, Betty. Inuinnaqtun-English Dictionary. Cambridge Bay, Nunavut: Nunavut Arctic College, 1996.

External links Edit