Interstate 195 (Rhode Island–Massachusetts)
Interstate 195 (I-195) is an Interstate Highway running a combined 44.23 miles (71.18 km) in the U.S. states of Rhode Island and Massachusetts. It travels from a junction with I-95 in Providence, Rhode Island, east to a junction with I-495 and Route 25 in Wareham, Massachusetts. It runs east–west and passes through the cities of Fall River, Massachusetts, and New Bedford, Massachusetts. I-195 is occasionally referred to as the East Providence Expressway, but the name is not commonly used outside the Providence area.
|East Providence Expressway|
I-195 highlighted in red
|Auxiliary route of I‑95|
|Maintained by RIDOT and MassDOT|
|Length||44.23 mi (71.18 km)|
|West end||I‑95 / US 6 in Providence, RI|
|East end||I‑495 / Route 25 in Wareham, MA|
|States||Rhode Island, Massachusetts|
MA: Bristol, Plymouth
|Rhode Island Routes|
I-195 provides a major direct highway route from New York to Cape Cod via I-95 through Providence as well as for travelers coming from Connecticut, western Massachusetts and other Rhode Island points. Its major junction with I-95 in Downtown Providence provides a direct connection, since improved with the section in downtown Providence being replaced and moved to the south to lie just south of the Fox Point Hurricane Barrier.
I-195 begins at I-95 at a semi-directional T interchange, which along with a new bridge over the Providence River, was part of the large Iway construction project. At this point US Route 6 (US 6) is also signed along I-195. The complex Iway interchange includes several ramps for local streets (labeled exit 1A and 1B) and an interchange with I-95, which is unnumbered. US 44 and US 1A join at the next interchange with Gano Street and Main Street, labeled exits 1C, 1D, and 1E. The road crosses the Washington Bridge over the Seekonk River into East Providence. US 44 leaves the freeway at Exit 1F in East Providence. Exit 1G is a partial interchange with Route 103 while Exit 2 provides access to several local streets in East Providence. Exit 3A-B provides access to Route 114, which is also where US 6 and US 1A leave the freeway. I-195 then leaves Rhode Island, having gone 4.30 miles (6.92 km).
I-195 enters Seekonk, Massachusetts and interchanges with Route 114A at exit 1. There are two interchanges in Swansea, exit 2 for Massachusetts Route 136 and exit 3 for US 6. Access to the town of Somerset and the village of Ocean Grove in Swansea is via Exit 3 (Route 103). I-95 crosses the Braga Bridge over the Taunton River, entering Fall Fiver. The bridge passes over Battleship Cove and the USS Massachusetts, after which exit 5 provides access to Route 79 and Route 138. Exits 6-7 provide access to downtown Fall River streets, while a brief concurrency with Route 24 exists between exit 8A (24 South) and 8B (24 North). Passing the Watuppa Ponds, I-195 enters Westport, where exit 9 is a partial interchange with Sanford Road, and exit 10 marks the northern terminus of Route 88. Exits 11 and 12 provide access to local roads in Dartmouth, while shortly after entering the port city of New Bedford there's a full cloverleaf interchange with the Route 140 freeway (exits 13A-B). Exits 14-18 are partial interchanges with several local New Bedford city streets. A bridge over the Acushnet River takes I-195 to the town of Fairhaven, where there is the northern terminus of Route 240 freeway at exit 18. Exit 19 is for North Street in Mattapoisett, exit 20 is Route 105 in Marion, and exit 21 is Route 28 in Wareham. I-195 ends at trumpet interchange with I-495 (exit 22B) and Route 25 (exit 22A) in Wareham, having 39.93 miles (64.26 km) in Massachusetts.
Predating I-195 were two sections of road—Fox Point Boulevard and the Washington Bridge. The Washington Bridge, crossing the Seekonk River between Providence and East Providence, was opened on September 25, 1930, replacing an 1885 swing bridge with a higher bascule bridge. A new eastbound bridge opened in November 1968.
Fox Point Boulevard, later George M. Cohan Boulevard, was a surface boulevard connecting the Washington Bridge west to the Point Street Bridge and downtown Providence. It was built with no cross traffic by using U-turn ramps in the median to reverse direction. This was the last part in Providence to be built as a freeway, opened in December 1968.
The first freeway section came off the west end of Cohan Boulevard and over the Providence River, ending at the one-way pair of Pine Street and Friendship Street, which opened in November 1958. The ramp to Pine Street has been closed, but the entrance from Friendship Street still exists. The I-95 interchange at this end opened in fall 1964; the Pine Street ramp was kept for a while.
The next section to be constructed was the part in East Providence. It opened to the last exit before the state line on December 15, 1959, and was extended into Massachusetts by August 1960.
Interstate 195 cut through the center of Watchemoket Square, which about thirty years earlier been the heart of downtown East Providence, but was on the decline in the 1950s. Half of the square was demolished to make way for the highway.
Before the Interstate Highway System numbering was decided upon, I-195 was planned as a relocation of US 6; in fact, all but the last section was signed as US 6 when built (the first section only eastbound though). In 1957, the number Interstate 95E was assigned, as all intercity routes were numbered before the three-digit Interstate numbering was chosen, and the Providence-New Bedford route was too long to be considered intracity. The I-195 designation was assigned in 1959 with the final numbering. At some time after 1976, the definition of I-195 was extended east to I-495 (which was itself extended).
I-195 still carries US 6, now in both directions, from I-95 to the last interchange before Massachusetts. It also carries US 1A and US 44 over the Washington Bridge and its approaches, though the former has almost no signs.
I-195's stretch through Providence was reconstructed because of sharp curves and the way the road cuts through part of the city. The relocation made the segment safer for traffic, reunified the Jewellery District with Downcity Providence, and freed up more space. In the process, some 35 buildings, housing over 80 businesses and six residences were demolished. The new stretch of highway is called the Iway by the Rhode Island Department of Transportation and includes a signature bridge over the Providence River as well as a landscaped pedestrian walkway over the highway. It connects India Point Park to the Fox Point neighborhood. The IWay was opened in 2009 and estimated to have cost $446 million. The demolition of the old road was completed in 2012.[needs update]
All interchanges in Massachusetts were to be renumbered to mileage-based numbers under a project scheduled to start in 2016, however that project now has been indefinitely postponed by MassDOT. All interchanges in Rhode Island will be renumbered to mileage-based numbers by 2020 under a plan announced by RIDOT in September 2017.
|State||County||Location||mi||km||Old exit||New exit||Destinations||Notes|
|Rhode Island||Providence||Providence||0.00||0.00||–||–||I‑95 north / US 6 west – Boston, MA||Western terminus of concurrency with US 6; exit 36A on I-95|
|0.40||0.64||1A||1A||Point Street||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|0.80||1.29||I‑95 south – New York City||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; exit 36C on I-95|
|1B||1B||Eddy Street||To Rhode Island Hospital; westbound exit only|
|Providence River Bridge (Iway)|
|Providence||1.10||1.77||2||1C||Gano Street / India Street||Eastbound exit only|
|1.30||2.09||2||1D||US 44 west / US 1A south (South Main Street)||Western terminus of concurrency with US 1A / US 44; westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|1.50||2.41||3||1E||Gano Street – India Point||Westbound exit and entrance|
|East Providence||1.80||2.90||4||1F||US 44 east (Taunton Avenue) – Riverside||Eastern terminus of concurrency with US 44; eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|1.90||3.06||5||1G||Route 103 east (Warren Avenue)||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; west end of Route 103|
|6||2||Warren Avenue / Broadway / Pawtucket Avenue – East Providence||Westbound access to US 44 and Route 103|
|3.30||5.31||7||3A||Route 114 south – East Providence, Barrington||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance via flyover ramps|
|3.50||5.63||8||3B||US 6 east / US 1A north to Route 114 north (Pawtucket Avenue) – Seekonk, MA||Eastern terminus of concurrency with US 6 / US 1A; eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|Rhode Island–Massachusetts state line|
|Massachusetts||Bristol||Seekonk||0.581||0.935||1||Route 114A – Seekonk, Barrington, RI|
|Swansea||4.621||7.437||2||Route 136 south – Warren, RI, Newport, RI||Northern terminus of Route 136|
|7.470||12.022||3||US 6 to Route 118 – Swansea|
|Somerset||9.849||15.850||4||Route 103 / Lee's River Avenue – Somerset, Ocean Grove||Signed as Exits 4A (west) and 4B (east) westbound|
|Taunton River||Charles M. Braga Jr. Memorial Bridge|
|Fall River||11.984||19.286||5||Route 79 / Route 138 – Taunton, North Tiverton, RI|
|12.439||20.019||6||Pleasant Street (westbound) / Hartwell Street (eastbound) – Downtown Fall River||Shared ramp with Exit 7|
|12.711||20.456||7||Route 81 south (Plymouth Avenue)||Northern terminus of Route 81; shared ramp with Exit 6|
|13.769||22.159||8A||Route 24 south – Tiverton, RI, Newport, RI||Western end of concurrency with Route 24|
|14.609||23.511||8B||Route 24 north – Taunton, Boston||Eastern end of concurrency with Route 24|
|Westport||15.354||24.710||9||Sanford Road – North Westport||Eastbound exit only|
|16.343||26.302||10||Route 88 south to US 6 – Horseneck Beach||Northern terminus of Route 88|
|Dartmouth||19.433||31.274||11||Reed Road – Hixville, Dartmouth||Signed as Exits 11A (south) and 11B (north) westbound|
|21.979||35.372||12||Faunce Corner Road / Faunce Corner Mall Road – North Dartmouth||Signed as Exits 12A (south) and 12B (north) westbound|
|New Bedford||23.773||38.259||13||Route 140 to US 6 – New Bedford, Dartmouth, Taunton||Signed as exits 13A (south) and 13B (north); exits 2A-B on Route 140|
|24.627||39.633||14||Penniman Street||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|25.087||40.374||15||Route 18 south – Downtown New Bedford||Southbound exit to Route 18 south; northbound entrance from Route 18 north|
|25.367||40.824||16||Washburn Street||Eastbound exit and entrance|
|25.632||41.251||17||Coggeshall Street||Westbound exit and entrance|
|Fairhaven||27.251||43.856||18||Route 240 south – Fairhaven||Northern terminus of Route 240|
|Plymouth||Mattapoisett||30.916||49.754||19||North Street – Mattapoisett, North Rochester||Access via North Street; signed as exits 19A (south) and 19B (north)|
|Marion||35.133||56.541||20||Route 105 – Marion, Rochester|
|Wareham||39.233||63.139||21||Route 28 – Wareham, South Middleboro|
|39.911||64.231||22A||Route 25 east – Cape Cod||Western terminus of Route 25; Exit 1 on Route 25|
|39.93||64.26||22B||I‑495 north – Marlborough||Southern terminus of I-495; Exit 1 on I-495|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Google (January 19, 2016). "East Providence Expressway" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
- MassDOT Planning Division. "Massachusetts Route Log Application". Massachusetts Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 21, 2014.
-  Archived November 5, 2004, at the Wayback Machine
- O'Connor, Kevin P. (27 November 2008). "A place that may regain its glory". Fall River, Massachusetts: The Herald News. Gatehosue Media. Retrieved 29 June 2019.
- Sabar, Ariel (October 3, 1999). "Highway Blues". The Providence Journal. Archived from the original on August 22, 2002. Retrieved May 12, 2008.
- Staff (2006). "Moving and setting the Iway I-195 Providence River Bridge". Rhode Island Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 26, 2006.
- "195 Relocation Background". Providence College. Retrieved May 26, 2007.
- Commonwealth of Massachusetts (2015). "COMMBUYS - Bid Solicitation FAP# HSIP-002S(874) Exit Signage Conversion to Milepost-Based Numbering System along Various Interstates, Routes and the Lowell Connector". Retrieved January 6, 2016.
- Robert H. Malme (2016). "Massachusetts Interstate Current and Future Exit Lists". Retrieved January 18, 2017.
- WPRI Eyewitness News (2016). "RI Set to Renumber All Its Highway Exit Signs". Retrieved March 30, 2016.
- RIDOT (2017). "Rhode Island Highway Exit Renumbering Program". Retrieved October 11, 2017.
- Massachusetts Department of Transportation. "Exit Numbers and Names: Route I-195 (Seekonk to Wareham)". Retrieved August 21, 2014.