Interpretation of the Passion of our Lord Jesus Christ

The Interpretation of the Passion of our Lord Jesus Christ (Croatian: Tlmačenie od muki Gospoda našego Isuhrsta) is a 15th-century work of narrative prose written in Glagolitic alphabet by the Glacolitic priest (at the time deacon) Simon Greblo.

Interpretation of the Passion of our Lord Jesus Christ
Grebla stranica.png
First page from the Interpretation
Created1493
LocationNational and University Library, Zagreb
Author(s)Simon Greblo
PurposeGlagolitic missal

HistoryEdit

This liturgical book was written in Roč by the resident calligrapher and glagolitic scribe Simon Greblo in 1493. It is a work of narrative prose, and it deals with the "pain of Jesus and Mary on Good Friday."[1][2] The document was written in Roč, which at the time was one of the centers of Croatian culture. It is the first of the only three known works by Greblo that have survived to this day; the others being the Quadriga by spiritual law (Kvadriga duhovnim zakonom), 1493; and the Quadragesimale (Kvarezimal), 1498. Greblo completed this work when he was still a deacon (žakan oko lit[3][4]). He completed the manuscript on March 5, 1493. In the same year, Greblo became a priest[2]

DescriptionEdit

This book is one of the best preserved Glagolitic manuscripts and is of great significance to the history of Croatian literature. Greblo's Interpretation of the Passion of our Lord Jesus Christ was bound in one volume in 1516. It was inherited by Jerolim Greblo and sold in 1547 to the priest Matej Mejak. It was thought that Simon Greblo had died shortly before Jerolim Greblo's inheritance. However, it has been established that he probably died shortly after the last entry in the Account Book of the Brotherhood of St. Bartholomew in 1529. The book traveled through Istria and Krk, and in 1962 it was permanently deposited in the vault of the National and University Library in Zagreb.[5]

The language of Greblo's texts is Chakavian, with a consistently carried out Liburnian Ekavization and rare Paleo-Slavicisms. Greblo's calligraphy in this manuscript, modest and refined, is considered one of the most beautiful in Croatian Glagolitic history.[5] However, apart from the text's "high artistic value, both in the literary sense and in the visual sense, given the fact that Greblo was a top calligrapher of cursive Glagolitic, the originality of its linguistic expression is regularly emphasized."[6][2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Szombathelyi Berzsenyi Dániel Tanárképző Főiskola. Szláv Filológiai Intézet (2010). Studia Slavica Savariensia, Issues 1-2. Szombathely, Hungary: Berzsenyi Dániel Tanárképző Főiskola, Szláv Filológiai Intézet. p. 289–292.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b c "Greblo, Šimun". Croatian Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 30 January 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  3. ^ Josip Bratulić. "Greblo, Šimun (Greblić, Simon, Šimun)". Istrian Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 30 January 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  4. ^ "žàkan". jezikoslovac.com. Archived from the original on 6 February 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  5. ^ a b Antonija Zbogija Kiš. "Šimun Greblo - 450 years later". Matica hrvatska. Archived from the original on 30 January 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  6. ^ Sanja Zubčić. "Linguistic Features of Grebl's Interpretation of the Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ (Contribution to Diachronic Dialectology)". Faculty of Philosophy, Rijeka. Archived from the original on 6 February 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2021.

SourcesEdit

  • J. Gršković, Istrian Old Croatian Passion of the Cross from the XV. century, Horizon 69, 1928, 97;
  • V. Štefanić, Glagolitic Manuscripts of the Island of Krk, Zagreb 1960;
  • S. Graciotti, L'originale italiano delle glagolitiche Kvadrige duhovne di Veglia e di Vienna, Ricerche slavistiche, Roma 1963, 11;
  • J. Bratulić, O hrvatskom književniku Šimunu Greblu, Istarski mozaik, 1969, 7 (same in Istarske književne teme, Pula 1987);
  • A. Zbogija Kiš, Šimun Greblo and His Interpretation of the Passion of Christ (1493), with the edition of the text, Pazin 2001;
  • D. Vlahov, Tko je bilo ročki plovan, pop glagoljaš preminuo 1551. godine ?, Nova Istra, 2003, 3–4.