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International Tchaikovsky Competition

Vladimir Putin at the gala concert of winners of the XV International Competition

The International Tchaikovsky Competition is a classical music competition held every four years in Moscow, Russia, for pianists, violinists, and cellists between 16 and 32 years of age and singers between 19 and 32 years of age. The competition is named after Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky and is an active member of the World Federation of International Music Competitions.[1]

The International Tchaikovsky Competition was the first international music competition held in the Soviet Union. For the XIV competition in 2011, Valery Gergiev was appointed the competition's chairman, and Richard Rodzinski, former president of the Van Cliburn Foundation, was appointed general director. A new voting system was instituted, created by mathematician John MacBain, and used by the International Violin Competition of Indianapolis, the Van Cliburn International Piano Competition, and the Cleveland International Piano Competition. All rules and regulations also underwent a complete revision. Emphasis was placed on the composition of the jury, which consisted primarily of well-known and respected performing artists. Finally, for all competitions from 2011 forward, a first prize will always be awarded.[2]

The XIV International Tchaikovsky Competition was held in Moscow and St. Petersburg, Russia, from June 14 to July 1, 2011, under the auspices of the Russian federal government and its Ministry of Culture. The competition disciplines were piano, violin, cello, and voice (male singers and female singers). The XV competition took place in June 2015. [3] The XVI competition took place June 17-29, 2019, in Moscow and St. Petersburg; woodwind and brass competition disciplines were added.[4]

PrizesEdit

Cash prizes are awarded to the top-five competitors in each discipline of piano, violin, cello, and to each of the top four competitors in the men's and women's solo vocal categories. First prize (always to be awarded) is 20,000 Euro; second, 15,000 Euro; third, 10,000 Euro; fourth, 5,000 Euro; and fifth, 3,000 Euro. An additional prize, a Grand Prix of 100,000 Euro, may be awarded to one of the gold medalists deemed outstanding by the juries. Additional awards are given for best performance of the chamber concertos and the commissioned new work.[5]

For the 2019 competition, the prizes[6] are as follows:

Prize Amount
Grand Prix US$ 100,000 in addition to the 1st Prize amount
1st Prize US$ 30,000 and the Gold Medal
2nd Prize US$ 20,000 and the Silver Medal
3rd Prize US$ 10,000 and the Bronze Medal
4th Prize US$ 5,000 and a Diploma
5th Prize US$ 3,000 and a Diploma
6th Prize US$ 2,000 and a Diploma
Best performance of a concerto with a chamber orchestra in Round II (in the piano, violin, and cello sections) US$ 2,000 and a Diploma

HistoryEdit

Held every four years, the first competition, in 1958, included two disciplines – piano and violin. Beginning with the second competition, in 1962, a cello category was added, and the vocal division was introduced during the third competition in 1966. In 1990, a fifth discipline was announced for the IX International Tchaikovsky Competition — a contest for violin makers which traditionally comes before the main competition. In 2019, two new categories were added to the competition, woodwinds and brass.[7]

Tianxu An incidentEdit

On 25 June 2019, at the final round of the piano category, Chinese competitor Tianxu An was supposed to play Tchaikovsky's Piano Concerto No. 1 followed by Rachmaninoff's Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini. However, the scores on the orchestra's and conductor's stands were placed in reversed order and the Rachmaninoff piece was announced first, different from what the pianist requested. Since An didn't understand Russian, he was unaware of the situation. With the piano entry in the Rachmaninoff almost immediate, the performance "began with a failure". Following the incident, jury chair Denis Matsuev invited him to perform the program again, but An declined. The competition made an official apology and the orchestra administration suspended the responsible staff after the event. An was eventually awarded a "special prize" for his confidence and courage.[8][9][10][11]

Prize winnersEdit

Winners of the prizes and medals awarded in the given year and category.[12]

PianoEdit

Year 1st Prize/Gold 2nd Prize/Silver 3rd Prize/Bronze 4th Prize
1958   Van Cliburn   Lev Vlassenko
  Liu Shikun
  Naum Shtarkman
1962   Vladimir Ashkenazy
  John Ogdon
  Susan Starr
  Yin Chengzong
  Eliso Virsaladze   Marina Goglidze-Mdivani
1966   Grigory Sokolov   Misha Dichter   Victor Eresko [fr]
1970   Vladimir Krainev
  John Lill
  Horacio Gutiérrez   Arthur Moreira Lima
  Viktoria Postnikova
1974   Andrei Gavrilov   Myung-whun Chung
  Stanislav Igolinsky
  Youri Egorov   András Schiff
1978   Mikhail Pletnev   Pascal Devoyon
  André Laplante
  Nikolai Demidenko
  Evgeny Ryvkin
1982 Not awarded   Peter Donohoe
  Vladimir Ovchinnikov
  Michie Koyama[13][14][15]
1986   Barry Douglas   Natalia Trull [ru]   Irina Plotnikova
1990   Boris Berezovsky   Vladimir Mischouk   Kevin Kenner
  Johan Schmidt[a]
  Anton Mordasov
1994 Not awarded   Nikolai Lugansky   Vadim Rudenko
  HaeSun Paik
  Alexander Ghindin
  Zhong Xu
1998   Denis Matsuev   Vadim Rudenko   Freddy Kempf   Sergei Tarasov
2002   Ayako Uehara   Alexei Nabiulin   Jin Ju
  Andrey Ponochevny
Not awarded
2007 Not awarded   Miroslav Kultyshev   Alexander Lubyantsev   Dong-Hyek Lim
  Sergei Sobolev
2011   Daniil Trifonov   Yeol Eum Son   Seong-Jin Cho   Alexander Romanovsky
2015   Dmitry Masleev    Lucas Geniušas
  George Li
  Sergei Redkin
  Daniel Kharitonov
  Lucas Debargue
2019   Alexandre Kantorow   Mao Fujita
  Dmitry Shishkin
  Konstantin Emelyanov
  Kenneth Broberg
  Alexey Melnikov
  An Tianxu

ViolinEdit

Year 1st Prize/Gold 2nd Prize/Silver 3rd Prize/Bronze
1958   Valery Klimov   Victor Pikaizen [fr]   Ştefan Ruha [ro]
1962   Boris Gutnikov   Shmuel Ashkenasi
  Irina Bochkova [ru]
  Nina Beilina
  Yoko Kubo
1966   Viktor Tretiakov   Masuko Ushioda
  Oleg Kagan
  Yoko Sato
  Oleh Krysa
1970   Gidon Kremer   Vladimir Spivakov
  Mayumi Fujikawa
  Liana Isakadze
1974 Not awarded   Eugene Fodor
  Ruben Aharonyan
  Rusudan Gvasaliya
  Marie-Annick Nicolas
  Vanya Milanova
1978   Ilya Grubert
  Elmar Oliveira
  Mihaela Martin
  Dylana Jenson
  Irina Medvedeva
  Alexandr Vinnitsky
1982   Viktoria Mullova
  Sergei Stadler
  Tomoko Kato   Stephanie Chase
  Andres Cardenes
1986   Ilya Kaler
  Raphaël Oleg
  Xue Wei [ru]
  Maxim Fedotov
  Jane Peters
1990   Akiko Suwanai   Evgeny Bushkov [ru]   Alyssa Park
1994 Not awarded   Anastasia Chebotareva
  Jennifer Koh
  Graf Murzha [ru]
  Marco Rizzi
1998   Nikolai Sachenko [ru]   Latica Honda-Rosenberg   Ichun Pan
2002 Not awarded    Tamaki Kawakubo
  Xi Chen
  Tatiana Samouil [de]
2007   Mayuko Kamio   Nikita Boriso-Glebsky   Yuki Manuela Janke
2011[16] Not awarded   Sergey Dogadin
  Itamar Zorman
  Jehye Lee [ru]
2015 Not awarded   Yu-Chien Tseng   Alexandra Conunova
  Haik Kazazyan
  Pavel Milyukov
2019   Sergey Dogadin   Marc Bouchkov   Donghyun Kim

CelloEdit

Year 1st Prize/Gold 2nd Prize/Silver 3rd Prize/Bronze
1962   Natalia Shakhovskaya   Leslie Parnas
  Valentin Feygin [ru]
  Natalia Gutman
  Mikhail Khomitser [ru]
1966   Karine Georgian [ru]   Stephen Kates
  Arto Noras
  Kenichiro Yasuda
  Eleonora Testelets [ru]
1970   David Geringas   Victoria Yagling [nl]   Ko Iwasaki
1974   Boris Pergamenschikov   Ivan Monighetti   Hirofumi Kanno
  Seta Baltayan
1978   Nathaniel Rosen   Mari Fudzivara
  Daniel Veis
  Alexander Kniazev
  Alexander Rudin
1982   Antonio Meneses   Alexander Rudin   Georg Faust
1986   Mario Brunello
  Kirill Rodin
  Suren Bagratuni
  Martti Rousi
  Sara Sant'Ambrogio
  John Sharp
1990   Gustav Rivinius [de]   Françoise Groben
  Alexander Kniazev
  Bion Tsang
  Tim Hugh [ru]
1994 Not awarded Not awarded Not awarded
1998   Denis Shapovalov   Li-Wei Qin   Boris Andrianov [ru]
2002 Not awarded   Johannes Moser   Claudius Popp
  Alexander Chaushian
2007   Sergey Antonov   Alexander Buzlov   István Várdai
2011   Narek Hakhnazaryan   Edgar Moreau   Ivan Karizna
2015   Andrei Ioniță   Alexander Ramm   Alexander Buzlov
2019   Zlatomir Fung   Santiago Cañón Valencia [es]   Anastasia Kobekina

Vocal, femaleEdit

Year 1st Prize/Gold 2nd Prize/Silver 3rd Prize/Bronze 4th Prize
1966   Jane Marsh   Veronica Tyler
  Evelina Stoytseva
Not awarded
1970   Elena Obraztsova
  Tamara Sinyavskaya
Not awarded   Evdokia Kolesnik
1974 Not awarded   Lyudmila Sergiyenko [ru]
  Stefka Evstatieva
  Sylvia Sass
  Galina Kalinina
  Tatiana Erastova
1978   Lyudmila Shemchuk   Lyudmila Nam   Ewa Podleś
  Mariana Ciaromila
1982   Lidiya Zabilyasta   Khuraman Gasimova   Dolora Zajick
1986   Natalia Erasova   Barbara Kilduff[b]
  Felicia Filip
  Maria Guleghina
1990   Deborah Voigt   Marina Shaguch   Emilia Oprea
  Maria Khokhlogorskaya
1994   Hibla Gerzmava
  Marina Lapina
  Laura Claycomb
  Tatiana Zakharchu
  Irina Gelahova
1998   Mieko Sato [jp]   Elena Manistina   Maira Mukhamed
2002   Aitalina Afanasieva-Adamova   Wu Bixia [fr]   Anna Samuil [de]
2007   Albina Shagimuratova   Olesya Petrova   Marika Gulordava
2011   Sunyoung Seo Not awarded   Elena Guseva
2015   Yulia Matochkina   Svetlana Moskalenko   Mane Galoyan
2019   Maria Barakova   Aigul Khismatullina   Maria Motoligina   Angelina Akhmedova
  Oksana Mayorova

Vocal, maleEdit

Year 1st Prize/Gold 2nd Prize/Silver 3rd Prize/Bronze 4th Prize
1966   Vladimir Atlantov   Nikolai Okhotnikov   Simon Estes
  Konstantin Lisovsky
1970   Yevgeny Nesterenko
  Nikolai Ogrenich [ru]
  Vladislav Piavko
  Zurab Sotkilava
  Victor Trishin
1974   Ivan Ponomarenko [uk]   Kolos Kováts   Anatoly Ponomarenko
  Vladimir Malchenko
1978 Not awarded   Valentin Pivovarov
  Nikita Storojev
  Yuri Statnik
1982   Paata Burchuladze   Gegham Grigoryan   Vladimir Chernov
1986   Alexander Morozov
  Grigory Gritsyuk
  Barseg Tumanyan   Sergei Martynov
1990   Hans Choi   Boris Statsenko   Oleg Kulko
  Wojciech Drabowicz
1994   Chen-Ye Yuan Not awarded   Mikhail Davydov
  Ho Gwan Su
1998   Besik Gabitashvili   Yevgeny Nikitin   Alexander Kisselev
2002   Mikhail Kazakov [ru]   Andrej Dunaev   Kim Don Seub
2007   Alexander Tsymbalyuk   Dmitry Belosselskiy   Maxim Paster
2011   Jongmin Park   Enkhbatyn Amartüvshin Not awarded
2015   Ariunbaatar Ganbaatar   Chuanyue Wang   Hansung Yoo
2019   Georgios Alexandros Stavrakakis   Gihoon Kim   Migran Agagzanyan   Enkhbold Ankhbayar

WoodwindsEdit

Year 1st Prize/Gold 2nd Prize/Silver 3rd Prize/Bronze 4th Prize 5th Prize 6th Prize 7th Prize 8th Prize
2019   Matvey Demin (Flute)   Joidy Blanco (Flute)   Alessandro Beverari (Clarinet)   Lola Descours (Bassoon)   Nikita Vaganov (Clarinet)   Juri Vallentin (Oboe)   Livia Duleba (Flute)   Sofiya Viland (Flute)

BrassEdit

Year 1st Prize/Gold 2nd Prize/Silver 3rd Prize/Bronze 4th Prize 5th Prize 6th Prize 7th Prize 8th Prize
2019   Zeng Yun (French horn)
  Aleksey Lobikov (Trombone)
  Fedor Shagov (Tuba)   Felix Dervaux (French open)   Henrique dos Santos (Tuba)   Ansel Norris (Trumpet)   Peter Steiner (Trombone)   Hae-Ree Yoo (French horn)   Zhasulan Abdykalykov (Trumpet)

Grand PrixEdit

Year Winner Category
1994[12]   Hibla Gerzmava Vocal, female
2011[17]   Daniil Trifonov Piano
2015[18]   Ariunbaatar Ganbaatar Vocal, male
2019[19]   Alexandre Kantorow Piano
  1. ^ Belgian pianist been labelled as German in the source.
  2. ^ American soprano been labelled as Japanese in the source.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Web Page Under Construction". www.fmcim.org. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  2. ^ Musolife Archived 2011-07-14 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Brown, Ismene (July 6, 2015). "Tchaikovsky piano competition sees self-taught Frenchman take Russia by storm". The Telegraph. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
  4. ^ "The XVI International Tchaikovsky Competition". Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2010-12-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link).
  6. ^ "#TCH15 - Awards". tch15.medici.tv. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  7. ^ "Конкурс имени Чайковского - все новости и публикации". Archived from the original on June 15, 2011. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  8. ^ An Tianxu has decided not to give a repeat performance of his programme. Tchaikovsky Competition (Report). 26 June 2019.
  9. ^ Miles, Josephine (27 June 2019). "Tchaikovsky finalist's chances scuppered after programme mix-up". Rhinegold Publishing.
  10. ^ "Orchestra plays one concerto while soloist is expecting another". The Strad. 28 June 2019.
  11. ^ "Unbelievable hiccup during the prestigious International Tchaikovsky Competition". France Musique. 3 July 2019.
  12. ^ a b "XV "International Tchaikovsky Competition: The Laureates"/"Past prizewinners of the International Tchaikovsky Competition since 1958: full list"". Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  13. ^ Schmemann, Serge (July 9, 1982), "Tchaikovsky Piano Jury Gives No Gold Medal", New York Times, retrieved May 11, 2019
  14. ^ "Конкурс имени Чайковского: лауреаты и члены жюри за все годы". April 4, 2019. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  15. ^ Kozinn, Allan (March 1, 1996). "James Barbagallo, U.S. Pianist, 43, Who Won Prizes". Retrieved July 19, 2019 – via NYTimes.com.
  16. ^ Чао, Чайковский! в Российской газете
  17. ^ "#TCH15 - Daniil Trifonov, Grand Prix Winner 2011: "Very Happy to Be Back"". tch15.medici.tv. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  18. ^ "Grand Prix of the XV International Tchaikovsky Competition has been announced!". tchaikovskycompetition.com. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  19. ^ "Alexandre Kantorow became the Grand Prix winner at the XVI International Tchaikovsky Competition". tch16.com. Retrieved 2019-06-30.

External linksEdit

  Media related to International Tchaikovsky Competition at Wikimedia Commons