Inter-Korean summits

Inter-Korean summits are meetings between the leaders of North and South Korea. To date, there have been five such meetings so far (2000, 2007, April 2018, May 2018, and September 2018), three of them being in Pyongyang, with another two in Panmunjom. The importance of these summits lies in the lack of formal communication between North and South Korea, which makes discussing political and economic issues difficult. The summits' agendas have included topics such as the ending of the 1950-53 war (currently there is an armistice in force), the massive deployment of troops at the DMZ (approximately two million in total),[1] the development of nuclear weapons by North Korea, and human rights issues.[2][3][4]

Inter-Korean summits
South Korean name
Hangul남북정상회담
Hanja南北頂上會談
North Korean name
Chosŏn'gŭl북남수뇌상봉
Hancha北南首腦相逢
Kim Jong-un and Moon Jae-in shaking hands
Review of the South Korean military traditional honor guard
Talks inside the Peace House

2000 summitEdit

In 2000, the representatives of the two governments met for the first time since the division of the Korean peninsula. Kim Dae-jung, the President of South Korea, who arrived at Pyongyang Sunan International Airport, met Kim Jong-il, Supreme Leader of North Korea, directly under the trap of the airport, and the rallies and divisions of the People's Army Corps were held.[2]

2007 summitEdit

In June 2007, a summit declaration was adopted, which included the realization of the June 15 Joint Declaration, the promotion of a three-party or four-party summit meeting to resolve the nuclear issue on the Korean peninsula, and active promotion of inter-Korean economic cooperation projects.[3][4]

April 2018 summitEdit

A summit was held on 27 April 2018 in South Korea's portion of the Joint Security Area. It was the third summit between South and North Korea, agreed by South Korea's President, Moon Jae-in, and North Korea's Supreme Leader, Kim Jong-un.[5]

May 2018 summitEdit

On 26 May 2018, Kim and Moon met again in the Joint Security Area.[7] The meeting took two hours, and unlike other summits it had not been publicly announced beforehand.[8]

September 2018 summitEdit

On 13 August, Blue House announced that South Korea's President will be attending the third inter-Korean summit with leader Kim Jong-un at Pyongyang on 18–20 September. The agenda would be finding the strategy of the breakthrough in its hampered talks with U.S and solution for the denuclearization on the Korean peninsula.[9][10][11]

See alsoEdit

Press releasesEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ "Kim's War Machine". Time. 24 February 2003. Archived from the original on 18 February 2003. Retrieved 4 November 2007.
  2. ^ a b Jon Van Dyke (29 July 2010). "The Maritime boundary between North & South Korea in the Yellow (West) Sea". 38 North. U.S.-Korea Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies. Archived from the original on 10 May 2022. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
  3. ^ a b "Korean leaders in historic talks". 2 October 2007. Archived from the original on 16 October 2007. Retrieved 2 October 2007.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link), BBC, Tuesday, 2 October 2007, 10:14 GMT
  4. ^ a b In pictures: Historic crossing Archived 2008-03-07 at the Wayback Machine, BBC, 2 October 2007, 10:15 GMT
  5. ^ "Kim, Moon meet at start of historic inter-Korean summit - Channel NewsAsia". www.channelnewsasia.com. Archived from the original on 27 April 2018.
  6. ^ "North, South Korea Fix April Date for 1st Summit in Years - Other Media news". Archived from the original on 4 April 2018. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  7. ^ "North, South Korea meet for surprise second summit". syracuse.com. 26 May 2018. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  8. ^ "North and South Korean leaders hold surprise meeting". CNN. 26 May 2018. Archived from the original on 28 April 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  9. ^ "Koreas to hold Pyongyang summit in September". 13 August 2018. Archived from the original on 14 August 2018. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  10. ^ "Kim's new look as Pyongyang summit confirmed". News.com.au — Australia's Leading News Site. 13 August 2018. Archived from the original on 4 May 2019. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  11. ^ "South Korean leader to meet Kim Jong Un on his turf". CBS News. 13 August 2018. Archived from the original on 14 May 2019. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  12. ^ Johnson, Jesse (22 September 2018). "Kim Jong Un planning to visit Seoul in December: report". The Japan Times Online. Archived from the original on 26 September 2018. Retrieved 25 September 2018.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit