Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria

Infante Alfonso of Spain, Prince of the Two Sicilies, Duke of Calabria (30 November 1901 – 3 February 1964) was one of two claimants to the title of the head of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies from 1960 until his death in 1964. Alfonso was the son of Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1870–1949) and his wife, Mercedes, Princess of Asturias (1880–1904). He was born and died in Madrid, Spain.

Infante Alfonso
Duke of Calabria, Count of Caserta
The Duke of Calabria and Carlos de Borbón-Dos Sicilias.jpg
A young Alfonso (left) with his father, Prince Carlos (right), wearing Spanish Hussar uniforms in 1913
Head of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Tenure7 January 1960 – 3 February 1964
PredecessorPrince Ferdinand Pius
SuccessorInfante Carlos
Born(1901-11-30)30 November 1901
Madrid, Spain
Died3 February 1964(1964-02-03) (aged 62)
Madrid, Spain
Burial
Panteon Infantes, Monastery of San Lorenzo de el Escorial
Spouse
(m. 1936)
Issue
Names
Italian: Alfonso Maria Leo Christinus Alfonso di Liguori Antonio Francesco Saverio
HouseBourbon-Two Sicilies
FatherPrince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
MotherMaría de las Mercedes, Princess of Asturias
ReligionRoman Catholic

Alfonso's mother was Mercedes, Princess of Asturias, but she died in childbirth in 1904. King Alfonso XIII of Spain was unmarried at the time so as the Princess of the Asturias's eldest son, Alfonso became heir-presumptive to the Spanish crown, though, unlike his mother, he never held the title of Prince of Asturias.[1] He was heir-presumptive until the birth of his cousin, Alfonso in 1907, to Alfonso XIII and Queen Victoria Eugenie.

Marriage and issueEdit

Alfonso married Princess Alicia of Bourbon-Parma (1917-2017), his second cousin, daughter of Elias, Duke of Parma and Piacenza and his wife Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, on 16 April 1936 in Vienna, Austria. Alfonso and Alicia had three children:

  • Princess Teresa María of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess of Salerno (born 6 February 1937),[2] married to Íñigo Moreno y Arteaga, 8th Marquess of Laula (born 18 April 1934),[3] with seven children:
    • Rodrigo Moreno y Borbón-Dos Sicilias (born 1 February 1962)[4]
    • Alicia Moreno y Borbón-Dos Sicilias (born 6 June 1964),[5] married to José Luis Hernández Eraso (born 1949),[6][7] with two children:
      • Iñigo Hernández y Moreno (born 2000)[8]
      • Alejandra Hernández y Moreno (born 2000)[9]
    • Alfonso Moreno y Borbón-Dos Sicilias (19 October 1965 - 18 May 2018),[10] married to Marta Calvo y Molezún (born ca. 1970),[11] with two children
    • Beatriz Moreno y Borbón-Dos Sicilias (born 10 May 1967),[12] married to Lucas Urquijo Fernández de Araoz,[13] with two children
    • Fernando Moreno y Borbón-Dos Sicilias (8 July 1969 - 12 May 2011)[14]
    • Clara Moreno y Borbón-Dos Sicilias (born 14 June 1971)[15]
    • Delia Moreno y Borbón-Dos Sicilias (born 30 August 1972),[16] married to Álvaro de Ledesma y Sanchiz (born 20 October 1962)[17]
  • Infante Carlos, Duke of Calabria (16 January 1938 - 5 October 2015),[18] married to Princess Anne of Orléans (born 4 December 1938),[19] with five children:
    • Cristina de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Orleáns (born 16 March 1966),[20] married to Pedro López-Quesada y Fernández-Urrutia (born 26 July 1963),[21] with two children
    • María Paloma de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Orleáns (born 5 April 1967),[22] married to Archduke Simeon of Austria (born 26 June 1959),[23] with five children
    • Pedro de Borbón-Dos Sicilias, Duke of Calabria (born 16 October 1968),[24] married to Sofía Landaluce y Melgarejo (born 23 November 1973),[25] with seven children:
      • Jaime de Borbón-Dos Sicilias, Duke of Noto (born 26 June 1993)[26]
      • Juan de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Landaluce (born 18 April 2003)[27]
      • Pablo de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Landaluce (born 26 June 2004)[28]
      • Pedro de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Landaluce (born 3 January 2007)[29]
      • Sofía de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Landaluce (born 12 November 2008)[30]
      • Blanca de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Landaluce (born 7 April 2011)[31]
      • María de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Landaluce (born 21 April 2015)[32]
    • Inés de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Orleáns (born 20 April 1971),[33] married to Michele Carrelli Palombi (born 13 November 1965),[34] with two children
    • Victoria de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Orleáns (born 24 May 1976),[35] married to Markos Nomikos (born 29 October 1965),[36] with four children
 
Alfonso (second from left) posing with his cousins and grandmother Queen Maria Christina, ca. 1911
  • Princess Inés María of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess of Syracuse (born 18 February 1940),[37] married to Luis de Morales y Aguado (born 8 October 1933 - 10 November 2000),[38] with five children:
    • Isabel de Morales y Borbón-Dos Sicilias (born 10 April 1966),[39] married to Joaquín Galán y Otamendi,[40] with two children:
      • Carlota Galán y Borbón-Dos-Sicilias (born March 1998)[41]
      • Inés Galán y Borbón-Dos-Sicilias (born 3 January 2000)[42]
    • Eugenia de Morales y Borbón-Dos Sicilias (born 14 December 1967),[43] married to Iñigo Valdenebro y García de Polavieja,[44] with three children
    • Sonia de Morales y Borbón-Dos Sicilias (born 9 December 1969),[45] married to Alejandro García-Atance y Leurquin (born 1974),[46] with two children
    • Manuel de Morales y Borbón-Dos Sicilias (born 16 December 1971),[47] married to Emma Ruiz de Azcárate y García de Lomas,[48] with two children
    • Mencía de Morales y Borbón-Dos Sicilias (born 25 November 1975)[49]

HonoursEdit

 
Photographed by Christian Franzen, 1907

On the day after his birth (1 December 1901), his grandmother Queen Maria Christina conferred on him the Order of the Golden Fleece, the Collar of the Order of Charles III, and the Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.[50]

HeraldryEdit

AncestryEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Por Real Decreto del 17 de octubre de 1904, gozó de todos los honores que le correspondían como heredero de la Corona, pero nunca ostentó el título de Príncipe de Asturias
  2. ^ [1] Princess Teresa de Borbón-Dos Sicilias, Duchess of Salerno
  3. ^ [2] Iñigo Moreno y Arteaga
  4. ^ [3] Rodrigo Moreno y Borbón
  5. ^ [4] Alicia Moreno y Borbón
  6. ^ [5] José Luis Hernández
  7. ^ [6] ABC: Boda de Alicia Moreno y Borbón-Dos-Sicilias con José Luis Hernández Eraso
  8. ^ [7] Iñigo Hernández y Moreno
  9. ^ [8] Alejandra Hernández y Moreno
  10. ^ [9] Alfonso Moreno y Borbón
  11. ^ [10] Marta Calvo y Molezún
  12. ^ [11] Beatriz Moreno y Borbón
  13. ^ [12] Lucas Urquijo Fernández de Araoz
  14. ^ [13] Fernando Moreno y Borbón
  15. ^ [14] Clara Moreno y Borbón
  16. ^ [15] Delia Moreno y Borbón
  17. ^ [16] Álvaro de Ledesma y Sanchiz
  18. ^ [17] Infante Carlos, Duke of Calabria
  19. ^ [18] Princess Anne of Orleáns
  20. ^ [19] Cristina de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Orleáns
  21. ^ [20] Pedro López-Quesada y Fernández-Urrutia
  22. ^ [21] María de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Orleáns
  23. ^ [22] Simeon von Habsburg-Lothringen
  24. ^ [23] Pedro de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Orleáns, Duke of Calabria
  25. ^ [24] Sofía Landaluce y Melgarejo
  26. ^ [25] Jaime de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Landaluce
  27. ^ [26] Juan de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Landaluce
  28. ^ [27] Pablo de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Landaluce
  29. ^ [28] Pedro de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Landaluce
  30. ^ [29] Sofía de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Landaluce
  31. ^ [30] Blanca de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Landaluce
  32. ^ [31] María de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Landaluce
  33. ^ [32] Inés de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Orleáns
  34. ^ [33] Michele Carrelli Palombi
  35. ^ [34] Victoria de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Orleáns
  36. ^ [35] Markos Nomikos
  37. ^ [36] Princess Inés de Borbón-Dos Sicilias, Duchess of Siracusa
  38. ^ [37] Luis de Morales y Aguado
  39. ^ [38] Isabel de Morales y Borbón
  40. ^ [39] Joaquín Galán y Otamendi
  41. ^ [40] Carlota Galán de Morales
  42. ^ [41] Inés Galán de Morales
  43. ^ [42] Eugenia de Morales y Borbón
  44. ^ [43] Iñigo Valdenebro y García de Polavieja
  45. ^ [44] Sonia de Morales y Borbón
  46. ^ [45] Alejandro García-Atance y Leurquin
  47. ^ [46] Manuel de Morales y Borbón
  48. ^ [47] Emma Ruiz de Azcárate y García de Lomas
  49. ^ [48] Mencía de Morales y Borbón
  50. ^ "Latest intelligence - Spain". The Times (36627). London. 2 December 1901. p. 5.
Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria
Cadet branch of the House of Bourbon
Born: 30 November 1901 Died: 3 February 1964
Italian nobility
Preceded by
Ferdinand Pius
Duke of Calabria
1960–1964
Succeeded by
Carlos
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Ferdinand Pius
— TITULAR —
King of the Two Sicilies
1960–1964
Reason for succession failure:
Italian Unification under the House of Savoy
Succeeded by
Carlos