Industrial Court of New South Wales
The Industrial Court of New South Wales was a court within the Australian court hierarchy that exercised the judicial functions of the Industrial Relations Commission of New South Wales within the Australian state of New South Wales. The Commission has exclusive jurisdiction in respect of industrial disputes in that state.
|Industrial Court of New South Wales|
|Established||2 September 1996|
|Dissolved||7 December 2016|
|Jurisdiction||New South Wales, Australia|
|Location||Chief Secretary’s Building, Macquarie Street, Sydney CBD|
|Authorized by||Parliament of New South Wales via the Industrial Relations Act 1996 (NSW) and the Industrial Relations Further Amendment (Jurisdiction of Industrial Relations Commission) Act 2009 (NSW)|
|Appeals from||Chief Industrial Magistrate's Court|
|Currently||Justice Michael Walton|
The Industrial Relations Commission of New South Wales consisted of both judicial and non-judicial members, and its members could exercise the arbitration powers of the commission. However, only the Commission sitting "in Court Session" could exercise the judicial functions of the commission. When the commission sat as the "Commission in Court Session", it was referred to and was known as the "Industrial Court of New South Wales". Only a judicial member could hear matters where such relief was sought from the Court.
Jurisdiction of the CourtEdit
The Court had jurisdiction over matters about unfair contracts, prosecutions of offences under the Industrial Relations Act, proceedings for breaches of industrial instruments, appeals against decisions of inferior courts in industrial matters (such as from the Chief Industrial Magistrates Court of New South Wales), and prosecution of occupational health and safety offences under the Occupational Health and Safety Act 2000 (NSW). The Court also has jurisdiction over prosecutions for safety related dismissals (see section 23 of the Occupational Health and Safety Act 2000 (NSW) and may grant remedies for safety related dismissals, such as reinstatement and continuity of employment.
The Commission when sitting as the Court was and sat as a superior court of record and is of equivalent status to the Supreme Court of New South Wales and the Land and Environment Court of New South Wales although it does not hold the supervisory jurisdiction held by the Supreme Court of New South Wales. The Court was formerly called the "Industrial Commission of New South Wales in Court Session". The name of the court was changed by the Industrial Relations Amendment Act 2005 (NSW) to the "Industrial Court of New South Wales".
Jurisdictional limits of the Court and the CommissionEdit
Persons seeking relief in the Court for unfair contract needed to bring the claim within 2 years and earn under $200,000 per annum (an extension to the time limit of 3 months was available in certain circumstances).
A prosecution for a breach of the Occupational Health and Safety Act 2000 (NSW) or other occupational health and safety legislation needed to be brought within two years of the breach or two years after the conclusion of a Coronial Inquest by the NSW Coroner.
The Howard Government's WorkChoices reforms to the Workplace Relations Act 1996 (Cth), which took effect on 27 March 2007, excluded the operation of the Commission and Court's jurisdictions over matters involving Constitutional Corporations and persons employed by such corporations. The Court's jurisdiction over occupational health and safety matters was preserved and remained valid. The WorkChoices legislation was repealed by the Gillard Government following the enactment of the Fair Work Act 2009.
Abolition of the CourtEdit
In December 2016 the Industrial Court was abolished and its jurisdiction transferred to the Supreme Court of NSW. The sole remaining judicial member, the President Michael Walton, was appointed to the Supreme Court.
- Industrial Relations Act 1996 (NSW) s 3
- "Purpose and Functions". Industrial Relations Commission. Government of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 9 February 2015.
- "Our History". Industrial Relations Commission. Government of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 9 February 2015.
- "PM 'knew Work Choices would hurt workers' – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 21 July 2007. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
- "Govt downplays Work Choices revelations – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 21 July 2007. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
- Hannon, Kate. 2008. "Bell tolls for Howard's Work Choices " In The Canberra Times. Canberra.
- Industrial Relations Amendment (Industrial Court) Act 2016 (NSW)
- Halsbury’s Laws of Australia
- Industrial Relations Act 1991 (NSW)
- Second Reading speech by the Milton Orkopoulos, Minister for Aboriginal Affairs, and Minister Assisting the Premier on Citizenship, in the Legislative Assembly of the New South Wales Government on 17 November 2005.