Land and Environment Court of New South Wales
The Land and Environment Court of New South Wales is a court within the Australian court hierarchy established pursuant to the Land and Environment Court Act 1979 (NSW) to hear environmental, development, building and planning disputes. The Court’s jurisdiction, confined to the state of New South Wales, Australia, includes merits review, judicial review, civil enforcement, criminal prosecution, criminal appeals and civil claims about planning, environmental, land, mining and other legislation.
|Land and Environment Court of New South Wales|
|Established||14 April 1980|
|Jurisdiction||New South Wales, Australia|
|Authorized by||Parliament of New South Wales via the Land and Environment Court Act 1979 (NSW)|
|Decisions are appealed to|
|Decisions are heard for appeals from||Local Court of New South Wales (with respect to an environmental offence under the Crimes (Appeal and Review) Act 2001 (NSW))|
|Since||14 November 2005|
The Court was established on 1 April 1980 as the world's first environmental court that was also a superior court of record.
Structure and jurisdictionEdit
The Court is a superior court of record. It consists of a Chief Judge, severals Judges, and Commissioners. The New South Wales Court of Criminal Appeal and the New South Wales Court of Appeal, both divisions of the Supreme Court of New South Wales, may hear appeals from the Court, depending on the nature of case. Appellants on constitutional issues may seek special leave for the matter to be heard before the High Court of Australia in certain circumstances.
Judges have the same rank, title, status and precedence as the Judges of the Supreme Court of New South Wales. Judges preside over all Aboriginal land claims matters, most land tenure and compensation matters, and can hear matters in all other Classes of the Court’s jurisdiction.
The Judges, in order of seniority, are as follows:
|Name||Title||Term began||Term ended||Time in office||Notes|
|Justice Brian Preston||Chief Judge||14 November 2005||present||12 years, 313 days|||
|Justice Terry Sheahan AO||Judges||9 April 1997||present||21 years, 167 days|
|Justice Nicola Pain||18 March 2002||present||16 years, 189 days|
|Justice Rachel Pepper||1 May 2009||present||9 years, 145 days|
|Justice Tim Moore||4 January 2016||present||2 years, 262 days|
|Justice John Robson||5 July 2016||present||2 years, 80 days|
Past Judicial officers and decision makersEdit
Past Chief JudgesEdit
|Name||Title||Term ended||Time in office||Notes|
|Justice Jim McClelland||14 April 1980||2 June 1985||5 years, 49 days|||
|Justice Jerrold Cripps||3 June 1985||1 April 1992||6 years, 303 days|
|Justice Mahla Pearlman AO||6 April 1992||3 July 2003||11 years, 88 days|
|Justice Peter McClellan||25 August 2003||1 September 2005||2 years, 7 days|
- List of New South Wales courts and tribunals
- Warden Court, a predecessor to the Land and Environment Court of New South Wales
- NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (TSC Act)
- "Land & Environment Court". Justice NSW. Retrieved 11 August 2016.