In My Life
"In My Life" is a song by the English rock band the Beatles from their 1965 album Rubber Soul. It was written mainly by John Lennon and credited to Lennon–McCartney. Paul McCartney and Lennon later disagreed over the extent of their respective contribution to that song, specifically the melody. George Martin contributed the piano solo bridge, which was sped up to sound like a harpsichord.
|"In My Life"|
Cover of the Northern Songs sheet music
|Song by the Beatles|
|from the album Rubber Soul|
|Released||3 December 1965|
|Recorded||18 & 22 October 1965|
|Studio||EMI Studios, London|
"In My Life"
The song inspired more pop music producers to use harpsichords in their arrangements. Rolling Stone magazine ranked "In My Life" number 23 on its list of "The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time", as well as fifth on their list of the Beatles' "100 Greatest Songs". The song placed second on CBC's 50 Tracks. Mojo magazine named it the best song of all time in 2000. According to Acclaimed Music, it is the 160th most celebrated song in popular music history. It's one of the most well known Beatles songs about nostalgia.
In a 1980 interview, Lennon referred to this song as his "first real major piece of work" because it was the first time he penned personal lyrics about his own life. According to Lennon, the song's origins can be traced to when the English journalist Kenneth Allsop made a remark that Lennon should write songs about his childhood. Afterwards, Lennon wrote a song in the form of a long poem reminiscing on his childhood years. The original version of the lyrics was based on a bus route he used to take in Liverpool, naming various sites seen along the way, including Penny Lane and Strawberry Field. Those original lyrics are on display at The British Library.
Lennon later thought the original lyrics were "ridiculous", calling it "the most boring sort of 'What I Did On My Holidays Bus Trip' song". He reworked the words and replaced the specific memories with a generalized meditation on his past. "Very few lines" of the original version remained in the finished song. According to Lennon's friend and biographer Peter Shotton, the lines "Some [friends] are dead and some are living/In my life I've loved them all" referred to Stuart Sutcliffe (who died in 1962) and to Shotton.
Regarding composition of the melody, Lennon's and McCartney's recollections differ. Referring to McCartney, Lennon said "his contribution melodically was the harmony and the middle-eight itself." McCartney claimed he set Lennon's lyrics to music from beginning to end, taking inspiration for the melody from songs by Smokey Robinson & the Miracles. "I liked 'In My Life'. Those were words that John wrote, and I wrote the tune to it. That was a great one." In a 2018 study that used bag-of-words modelling, the melody was analyzed by Mark Glickman, Ryan Song and Jason Brown, and from this study, mathematician Keith Devlin reported a .018% probability of McCartney writing the song. Glickman, Song and Brown themselves stated that: "Our model produces a probability of 18.9% that McCartney wrote the verse, and a 43.5% probability that McCartney wrote the bridge, with a large amount of uncertainty about the latter." They continued: "The bridge having a probability that McCartney wrote the song closer to 0.5 may be indicative of their collaborative nature, as suggested by Lennon, of this part of the song." However, they also noted that the melody "may in fact have been written by McCartney who stated he composed the song in the style of Smokey Robinson and the Miracles (Turner, 1999), but actually wrote in the style of Lennon, whether consciously or subconsciously."
The song was recorded on 18 October 1965, and was complete except for the instrumental bridge. At that time, Lennon had not decided what instrument to use, but he subsequently asked George Martin to play a piano solo, suggesting "something Baroque-sounding". Martin wrote a Bach-influenced piece that he found he could not play at the song's tempo. On 22 October, the solo was recorded with the tape running at half speed, so when played back at normal pace the piano was twice as fast and an octave higher, solving the performance challenge and also giving the solo a unique timbre, reminiscent of a harpsichord.
- John Lennon – double-tracked vocal, rhythm guitar
- Paul McCartney – harmony vocal, bass
- George Harrison – harmony vocal, lead guitar
- Ringo Starr – drums, tambourine, bells[A]
- George Martin – piano
- Personnel notes
- MacDonald was unsure if Starr played bells.
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Silver||200,000|
*sales figures based on certification alone
- Judy Collins recorded the song as the title track of her 1966 LP.
- John Denver recorded it on his 1966 self-produced demo album, John Denver Sings.
- José Feliciano recorded a cover version of the song in 1968 for Feliciano!.
- Oliver on his 1969 album Good Morning Starshine.
- Siw Malmkvist recorded in Swedish, "I mitt liv" (1970) on her album Underbara Siw (Wonderful Siw), which was awarded a Swedish Grammis the same year.
- Cilla Black recorded the song as the title track of her 1974 LP.
- Twiggy performed a cover of the song on Season 1 Episode 19 (1977) of The Muppet Show.
- The Who drummer Keith Moon covered the song for his only solo album, Two Sides of the Moon.
- George Harrison did a soul-arranged version during his Dark Horse North American tour. Billy Preston did a Hammond organ solo.
- Rod Stewart recorded a version for his 1986 album Every Beat of My Heart.
- Bette Midler recorded one of the more noteworthy cover versions in 1991. Released as a single in early 1992 from the soundtrack of her movie For the Boys, It peaked at #20 on the Billboard Adult Contemporary chart in the U.S. This version later appeared on her 1993 hits album Experience the Divine: Greatest Hits. It was also used as background music for a tribute to NASCAR on ABC at the end of the 2000 Brickyard 400 which was the final broadcast of NASCAR on ABC until 2007.
- Kids Incorporated covered the song in 1993 in the Season 9 episode "Taking A Stand".
- George Martin produced a version on his 1998 album In My Life, narrated by Sean Connery.
- Chantal Kreviazuk's cover was used as the theme song for the series Providence.
- In 2000, The Lettermen covered the song on their Greatest Movie Hits album.
- Johnny Cash covered the song in 2002 for his album American IV.
- Scottish singer Todd Gordon recorded a version with an arrangement by Richard Niles for the 2007 album, Ballads from the Midnight Hotel.
- Charice covered the song in 2009 for her album My Inspiration.
- New Zealand/Australian band Dragon covered the song on their album, It's All Too Beautiful (2011).
- In 2012, John Lennon's first wife, Cynthia, recorded the song to mark her 72nd birthday and for The Beatles Complete on Ukulele, an ongoing project to cover every Beatles song on (or at least including) a ukelele.
- The Seekers recorded the song for their 2012 Golden Jubilee LP.
- Ozzy Osbourne covered the song on his Prince of Darkness box set.
- Darren Criss, Samuel Larsen, Jenna Ushkowitz, Damian McGinty, Vanessa Lengies, Kevin McHale, and Chord Overstreet covered the song in the Glee season three finale "Goodbye".
- James Hetfield covered the song at an Acoustic-4-A-Cure performance in 2014.
- Diana Krall covered it on her 2015 album Wallflower.
- In 2016, Frances sang the song in Beat Bugs, as Katter the Butterfly.
- In 2010, James Taylor sang at the song at the 82nd Academy Awards during the In Memoriam retrospective.
- Rita Lee recorded a version in Portuguese for the telenovela Espelho da Vida.
- Hertsgaard, Mark (1996). A Day in the Life: The Music and Artistry of the Beatles. New York: Delacorte Press. p. 156. ISBN 0-385-31517-1.
- Doyle Greene (10 March 2014). The Rock Cover Song: Culture, History, Politics. McFarland. pp. 161–. ISBN 978-1-4766-1507-3.
- Myers, Marc (30 October 2013). "Bach & Roll: How the Unsexy Harpsichord Got Hip". The Wall Street Journal.
- "The Rolling Stone 100 Greatest Beatles Songs". Rolling Stone. August 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
- "5. In My Life". 100 Greatest Beatles Songs. Rolling Stone. Retrieved 21 May 2013.
- "Mojo lists". Rocklistmusic. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
- "In My Life ranked 160th most celebrated song". Acclaimed Music. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
- The Beatles: Paperback Writer: 40 Years of Classic Writing.
- Sheehan, Ivan (3 December 2015). "Finding John Lennon's "first real major piece of work"". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 9 January 2016.
- Everett, Walter (2001). The Beatles as Musicians: The Quarrymen Through Rubber Soul. Oxford: Oxford Press. p. 319. ISBN 0-19-514105-9.
- Spitz, Bob (2005). The Beatles: The Biography. New York: Little, Brown and Company. pp. 587–91. ISBN 1-84513-160-6.
- Sheff, David (2000). All We Are Saying. New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. 152, 178. ISBN 0-312-25464-4.
- The section to which Lennon referred is unclear, as the song does have a bridge but does not contain a recognisable middle-eight aside from a brief instrumental break (the melody for which is attributed to producer George Martin).
- Miles, Barry (1997). Paul McCartney: Many Years from Now. New York: Macmillan. p. 277. ISBN 0-7493-8658-4.
- Compton, Todd (2017). Who Wrote the Beatle Songs? A History of Lennon-McCartney. San Jose: Pahreah Press. p. 130-132. ISBN 978-0-9988997-0-1.
- Gambaccini, Paul, ed. (1976). Paul McCartney in His Own Words. New York: Flash. p. 19. ISBN 0-8256-3910-7.
- Simon, Scott; Wharton, Ned (11 August 2018). "A Songwriting Mystery Solved: Math Proves John Lennon Wrote 'In My Life'". NPR.org. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
- "(A) Data in the Life: Authorship Attribution in Lennon-McCartney Songs by Mark Glickman, Jason Brown, and Ryan Song". 22 June 2019.
- Lewisohn, Mark (1988). The Beatles Recording Sessions. New York: Harmony Books. pp. 64–5. ISBN 0-517-57066-1.
- MacDonald, Ian (2005). Revolution in the Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties (Second Revised ed.). London: Pimlico (Rand). p. 169. ISBN 1-84413-828-3.
- "British single certifications – The Beatles – In My Life". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 19 July 2019. Select singles in the Format field. Select Silver in the Certification field. Type In My Life in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
- "For the Boys - Bette Midler : Awards". AllMusic. 12 November 1991. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
- Kids Incorporated Fans (23 May 2012). "Kids Incorporated - In My Life" – via YouTube.
- Padgett, Ray (27 January 2012). "Cynthia Lennon (John's Wife) Covers the Beatles' "In My Life"". Cover Me. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
- "John Lennon's Ex-Wife Cynthia Lovingly Remembers Him With Tender "In My Life" Cover". Society of Rock. Retrieved 24 August 2019.