Imam-ud-Din Shahbaz

Imam-ud-Din Shahbaz (or ID Shahbaz) was a Punjabi evangelist and a poet (in present-day Pakistan).[1][2] His notable work is the first metrical translation of the Psalms in Punjabi known as Punjabi Zabur.[3] He chose Shahbaz, meaning the King of the Falcons, as his takhallus.


Imam-ud-Din Shahbaz
Padri Imam-ud-Din Shahbaz.gif

1845 (1845)
Died1921 (1922)
Bhalwal, Punjab, British India
(present-day Pakistan)
NationalityBritish Indian
Years active1866–1921
ChurchUnited Presbyterian Church, Sialkot, First United Presbyterian Church
WritingsPsalms in Punjabi language

Early lifeEdit

Shahbaz was born in 1845 in Zafarwal in a Muslim family and converted to Christianity at the age of 10.[4] He was appointed as a teacher at Church Missionary Society in Amritsar in 1866 where he was baptised by Robert Clark.[5] He worked as a teacher in various missionary schools for nine years.


  1. ^ Cox, Jeffrey (2002). Imperial Fault Lines: Christianity and Colonial Power in India, 1818-1940. Stanford University Press. ISBN 9780804743181.
  2. ^ Miraj, Muhammad Hassan (2012-11-12). "The Poet and Kartar". DAWN.COM. Archived from the original on 2018-02-22. Retrieved 2018-01-11.
  3. ^ "A Precious Gift: The Punjabi Psalms and the Legacy of Imam-Ud-Din Shahbaz". International Bulletin of Missionary Research. 2014-01-01. Archived from the original on 2018-02-23.
  4. ^ Anderson, Emma Dean; Campbell, Mary Jane (1942). In the Shadow of the Himalayas: A Historical Narrative of the Missions of the United Presbyterian Church of North America as Conducted in the Punjab, India, 1855-1940. United Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions.
  5. ^ Bakhsh, Madeeha. "Padri Imam-ud-Din Shahbaz:The Man Behind Punjabi Zaboor". Archived from the original on 2018-12-24. Retrieved 2018-01-09.