Sargodha

Sargodha (Punjabi and Urdu: سرگودھا‎) is a city and capital of Sargodha Division, located in Punjab province, Pakistan. It is Pakistan's 12th largest city by population[12] and one of the fastest growing cities of the country.[13] Sargodha is also known as the City of Eagles.[2]

Sargodha

سرگودھا
Mainentry Sargodha public school.jpg
UoS.jpg
Central Library of University of Sargodha.jpg
Shaheen Enclave Sargodha.jpg
Clockwise from top:
Mushaf Ali Mir Chowk (Intersection), Central Library, Shaheen Enclave, University of Sargodha
Flag of Sargodha
Flag
Nickname(s): 
City of Eagles,[2] California of Pakistan[3]
Sargodha is located in Punjab, Pakistan
Sargodha
Sargodha
Sargodha is located in Pakistan
Sargodha
Sargodha
Sargodha is located in South Asia
Sargodha
Sargodha
Sargodha is located in Asia
Sargodha
Sargodha
Sargodha is located in Earth
Sargodha
Sargodha
Coordinates: 32°5′1″N 72°40′16″E / 32.08361°N 72.67111°E / 32.08361; 72.67111Coordinates: 32°5′1″N 72°40′16″E / 32.08361°N 72.67111°E / 32.08361; 72.67111
Country Pakistan
ProvincePunjab, Pakistan Punjab
DivisionSargodha[1]
DistrictSargodha
Founded1903[4]
Government
 • TypeMetropolitan Corporation[5]
Area
 • City155 km2 (60 sq mi)
 • Metro
5,854 km2 (2,260 sq mi)
Elevation190 m (620 ft)
Population
 • City659,862
 • Rank12th, Pakistan
 • Density4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
 • Demonym
Sargodhian
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Postal code
40100[9]
Dialling code048[10]
Number of union councils60[11]
Number of towns59
Websitewww.sargodha.gop.pk; cbs.gov.pk; www.tmasargodha.com

It is one of the few planned cities of Pakistan (others include Faisalabad, Islamabad & Gwadar).[14]

History

Sargodha was established by the British as a canal-colony in 1903, and was initially spelt Sargoda.[15] Sargodha was badly affected by an outbreak of the bubonic plague in 1903, and experienced a milder outbreak in 1904.[16] Although it was a small town in the beginning, the British Royal Air Force built an airport here due to its strategic location.[17] The term “Sargodha” has its origin in the words “Sar” meaning “pond” and “Godha” meaning “Sadhu”, which means “Pond of Godha”. This city was founded by Lady Trooper by the supervision of Sir Charles Montgomery Rivaz KCSI (1845 – 7 October 1926), a colonial administrator in British India and Lieutenant-Governor of the Punjab from 1902–1907.[14][18][circular reference]

Geography

Location

Location of Sargodha with respect to five major cities of Pakistan is as follow:

Sargodha is situated in Pakistani province of Punjab. It is located 187 kilometres (116 mi) northwest of Lahore, in Sargodha District.[20] It lies about 48 kilometres (30 mi) from the M-2 motorway, which connects Lahore and Islamabad. It is connected to the M-2 by several interchanges at different locations. Sargodha is roughly 91 km (57 mi) from Faisalabad, due southeast.[22] Directly east connected by the M-2 motorway are Lahore and the route to Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Due east is the city of Jhang; toward the west are the city of Mianwali and the Chashma Barrage.

Topography

Sargodha mainly comprises flat, fertile plains, although here are a few small hills on the Sargodha-Faisalabad Road. The River Jhelum flows on the western and northern sides, and the River Chenab lies on the eastern side of the city.[24] The city is located 190 metres above sea level.[25]

Climate

The city has a climate of extreme heat in the summers and moderate cold in the winters. The maximum temperature reaches 50 °C (122 °F) in the summer while the minimum temperature recorded is as low as freezing point in the winter.

Climate data for Sargodha (1960–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20
(68)
22
(72)
26
(79)
32
(90)
38
(100)
39
(102)
38
(100)
37
(99)
36
(97)
32
(90)
26
(79)
22
(72)
30.6
(87.1)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
11
(52)
15.5
(59.9)
19
(66)
25
(77)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
20
(68)
14
(57)
9
(48)
18.8
(65.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.7)
36
(1.4)
24
(0.9)
13
(0.5)
17
(0.7)
48
(1.9)
82
(3.2)
87
(3.4)
43
(1.7)
9
(0.4)
11
(0.4)
12
(0.5)
400
(15.7)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5 4 5 4 3 3 7 7 4 1 1 1 45
Source: Weather2,[26]

Demographics

The total population of the city was 458,440[27] according to the 1998 census. The majority of the people in the city speak Punjabi.[17] According to the 2017 Census of Pakistan, the population of city was recorded as 872,557 with a rise of 43.94% from 1998. The population of the metropolitan area (City District) reached 3,903,588, in which around 1 million forms the urban population.[28] The population of Sargodha Division was recorded as 8,181,499 by the 2017 Census of Pakistan.

Economy

The majority of Sargodha's economy is based on agriculture. Sargodha is considered the best citrus-producing area of Pakistan and therefore is also known as the California of Pakistan. Sargodha is largest Kinnow-producing district of the world. It produces oranges that are considered high-quality, and supplies them to the different parts of the country. These oranges are also exported to other countries.[29] Sargodha produces a large amount of wheat, cotton, rice and vegetables that are transported to other parts of country and exported to other countries.

There are also Textile mills, Rice processing plants and Nestle and Shezan juice factories.

The Sargodha Chamber of Commerce and Industry monitors industrial activity in the city and reports their findings to the Federation of Pakistan Chamber of Commerce and Industry and provincial government.[30] A dry port is also under construction in Sargodha.[31]

There are also several shopping malls and trade centres with both international and national outlets. Some of them include:[32]

 
Mall of Sargodha under construction
 
Burj Ismail Mall
  • Mall of Sargodha
  • Burj Ismail Mall
  • Chenone Tower
  • Rehman Trade Centre
  • Burj Huraira Mall
  • Trust Plaza
  • Galaxy Mobile Tower
  • Toheed Mall
  • Apna Cash & Carry
  • Dreamland Shopping Mall
  • Shaheen Shopping Mall
  • Modern Shopping Mall
  • Punjab Mega Mall

The fifteen bazaars (markets) of Sargodha remain major trading zones in the city. Each of the fifteen bazaars has a particular name and is known for selling certain goods.[33][6]

  • The Model Bazaar contains food court, joyland[definition needed] and shops of grocery and garments.
  • The Urdu Bazaar contains shops of stationery and books.
  • The Kachehry Bazaar contains bakeries, street food restaurants and shops of shoes, garments and general stores.
  • The Amin Bazaar contains shops of fabrics, boutiques, garments and electric appliances.
  • The Muslim Bazaar contains sanitary items and motorcycle repair shops.
  • The Anarkali Bazaar contains shops of household items.
  • The Sarafa Bazaar contains gold and jewellery shops.
  • The Rail Bazaar contains fabric shops.
  • The Liaquat Bazaar provides shops for new bicycles and sports cycles.
  • The Faisal Bazar provides shops for spices, oil, meat and poultry.
  • The Karkhana Bazaar provides shops for crockery and cutlery products.
  • The Bans Bazaar supplies dairy and milk products.
  • The Kabaarhi Bazaar contains shops of brokers.
  • The Fruit Mandi is a fruit market.
  • The Sabzi Mandi is a vegetable, meat, fish and grocery market.

Administration

Sargodha is the capital of Sargodha Tehsil. As of October 2012, the division system in Punjab Province has been restored and Sargodha became the divisional headquarters of districts Sargodha, Khushab, Mianwali and Bhakkar. Sargodha became the administrative capital of the Sargodha Division, handling over a population of about 8.1 Million.[28] The Municipal Committee of Sargodha city was upgraded into Municipal Corporation in 1981 when the population of city was increased over half a million.[34] In December 2019, Sargodha Municipal Corporation was upgraded into Metropolitan Corporation under Punjab Local Government Act 2019.[5]

Safe City Project

Sargodha was announced as one of six cities in Punjab whose security would be improved by the Punjab Safe Cities Authority. 5.5 billion Rupees have been allocated for the project,[35] which will be modeled along the lines of the Lahore Safe City project in which 8,000 CCTV cameras were installed throughout the city at a cost of 12 billion rupees to record and send images to Integrated Command and Control Centres.[36]

Health

Hospitals

Hospital[37] Type Location
Combined Military Hospital Army Sargodha Garrison
DHQ Teaching Hospital Public Mianwali Road
PAF Hospital Air force PAF Base Mushaf
Fauji Foundation Hospital Army Satellite Town A-Block
Halal-e-Ahmar Hospital Public Satellite Town B-Block
University Medical and Research Centre Public University of Sargodha

Education

 
Main Gate to University of Sargodha
 
PAF Public School

According to the census of 1998, the literacy rate of Sargodha was 67.8%, while in 2017 the literacy rate was recorded as 80.5%.[38] The city is considered the educational hub of Sargodha Division, handling a population of about 8.1 million.[28] Sargodha Division has its own Education Board for Secondary School Certificate (SSC) and Higher Secondary School Certificate (HSSC) Examinations. There are about four universities and numerous colleges of Medical Sciences, Law, IT, Commerce, Engineering and Intermediate Courses.

Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education

The Board of Intermediate & Secondary Education, Sargodha[39] handles the whole Sargodha Division. It was established in 1968 under the West Pakistan Board of Intermediate & Secondary Education (Multan and Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education, Sargodha) Ordinance No. VII of 1968, with the jurisdiction of Sargodha and Rawalpindi Civil Divisions.

Educational institutes

Institute Type Location Established Website
University of Sargodha Public University Road 2002 [40]
University College of Agriculture Public Sargodha Bypass near Jhal Chakian 2002
University of Lahore, Sargodha Campus Private Lahore Road 2002 [41]
University of Central Punjab, Sargodha Campus Private Lahore Road 2002 [42]
Sargodha Medical College Public Faisalabad Road 2006 [43]
Army Public College Army Mianwali Road 1975
PAF College Air force PAF Base Mushaf 1953 [44]
Cornelius Law College Private Fatima Jinnah Road 2015 [45]
Quaid-e-Azam Law College Private Lahore Road 1998 [46]
Punjab College of Science Private Khayaban-e-Sadiq (Main Campus) 1985 [47]
The Superior College Private Satellite Town A-Block 2000 [48]
Dar-e-Arqam College Private Satellite Town A-Block 2002 [49]
Sargodha Institute of Technology University Road 1927
American Lycetuff School Private Queens Road 1996
Root Millennium School Private Queens Road 1988 [50]
Beaconhouse School System Private University Road 1975 [51]
The City School Private Queens Road 1978 [52]
Lahore Grammar School Private Mushaf Ali Mir Road 1979
Army Public School Army Mianwali Road 1975
Fauji Foundation School Army Civil Lines 1954 [53]
Allied School Private Main Garden Town Road 1985 [54]
KIPS Academy Private Satellite Town A-Block 1992 [55]

Transportation

Road

Roads and flyovers

The 4 km (2.5 mi) long University Road runs from 47 Pull to Khayyam Chowk. Other main roads include 6 km (3.7 mi) long Fatima Jinnah Road & City Road, Canal Road, Katchery Road, Stadium Road, Club Road, Jail Road, Queens Road, Mushaf Ali Mir Road, Railway Road, Lahore Road, Faisalabad Road, Eid Gah Road, Mianwali Road, Sillanwali Road, Bhalwal Road, and Shaheenabad Road.

There are 3 flyovers located in the city area to regulate the flow of traffic:

  • Khayyam Chowk's flyover has a length of 1 km (0.62 mi) that leads to Mianwali Road.
  • Fatima Jinnah Road's flyover also has a length of 1 km (0.62 mi).
  • A 0.4 km (0.25 mi) long flyover is located on Kachehry Road.

Motorways and highways

 
Motorway M2 exit to Sargodha

Sargodha lies about 45 km (28 mi) from the M-2 Motorway, which connects Lahore and Islamabad. The N-60 National Highway runs from Sargodha to Lahore through Pindi Bhattian and Sheikhupura. It is also connected to Faisalabad by a highway.

Buses

General Bus Stand is located on Fatima Jinnah Road that provides bus service from Sargodha to almost every part of the country. Daewoo Bus Service drives regular routes from Sargodha to the rest of the country.[56] Others include Niazi Express, Faisal Movers, Bilal Travels, Islamabad Express and Skyways etc.

Taxi and Rickshaws

The online cab services Uber and Careem are available in the city.[57] Many auto rickshaws are also available throughout the city, which are often used by those who cannot afford the cab services.

Rail

Sargodha is also connected by the rest of the country through the rail.[58] Sargodha Junction railway station is located on Shorkot-Lala Musa branch railway line.

Air Base

Pakistan's largest airbase, PAF Base Mushaf (formerly PAF Base Sargodha), is situated in Sargodha and hosts the headquarters of the Pakistan Air Force's Central Air Command. The airbase is also home to the Combat Commanders School (CCS), formerly the Fighter Leader's School.[59]

Recreation

Points of interest

Kirana Hills

The Kirana Hills are a small and extensive rocky mountain range located in Sargodha.[60][61][62][63] They are a commonly-visited tourist attraction in Sargodha City. Locally known as the Black Mountains[64] due to their brownish landscape, their highest peak is about 980 feet (300 m).[65]

Jinnah Hall

Jinnah Hall is a historical landmark in Sargodha.[66] Jinnah Hall was built in 1949. It was named for Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan. Jinnah Hall was originally built as a town hall and library in Company Bagh, Sargodha; now it is currently used as an exhibition hall, event space, and library.

Sports

Sargodha is home to the Sargodha Cricket Stadium.[67] Sargodha's cricket team was a first-class cricket team that represented Sargodha Division. They competed in Pakistan's first-class tournaments in 1961–62 and 2002–03.

Mela Mandi Ground is a multi-use historic stadium in Sargodha. It is mostly used for cricket and football.[68] The Mela Mandi Ground was constructed to provide a vast ground for outdoor sports and activities. During March, every year (the country's spring season), several competitions are held here. Almost all Pakistani people watch these annual games.[69]

Sargodha is also home to Sargodha Astroturf Hockey Stadium, located near Mela Mandi Ground. It is home to the Sargodha District Hockey Team, and provides a reliable platform for the city's youth.[70] Galaxy Sports Complex is a renowned Sports Academy of the city.[71]

Food and drink

Traditional food and drink

The cuisine of Sargodha is similar to that of other regions of South Asia, with some of it originating from the royal kitchens of 16th-century Mughal emperors.[72] Most of those dishes have their roots in British, Indian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern cuisine.[73] Pakistani cooking uses large quantities of spices, herbs, and seasoning. Garlic, ginger, turmeric, red chili, and garam masala are used in most dishes, and home cooking regularly includes curry. Roti, a thin flatbread made from wheat, is a staple food, usually served with curry, meat, vegetables, and lentils. Rice is also common; it is served plain, fried with spices, and in sweet dishes.[74][75][76] Jhal Chakian ki Mashhoor Daal, Zam Zam and Mehman Sarai are one of the most famous restaurants in Sargodha.

Lassi is a traditional drink in Punjab, including Sargodha. Mahar Chachu Lassi House is one of the famous place serving Lassi in Sargodha. Black tea with milk and sugar is also popular throughout the city and is consumed daily by most of the population.[77][78]

Fast food

Fast food is also very popular across the city.[79] Along with local fast food restaurants, there are also several international fast food outlets in the city, including KFC, McDonald's and Pizza Hut.[80][81][82]

Awards

In 1966, the Government of Pakistan awarded a special flag, the Hilal-e-Istaqlal to Sargodha (also to Lahore and Sialkot) for showing severe resistance to the enemy during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 as these cities were targets of the Indian advance.[83] Every year on Defence Day (6 September), this flag is hoisted in these cities in recognition of the will, courage and perseverance of their people.[84]

Notable people

See also

References

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