Ilya Glazunov (Russian: Илья Глазунов; 10 June 1930 – 9 July 2017) was a Russian artist from Saint Petersburg. He was the founder of the Russian Academy of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture in Moscow (Russian: Российская академия живописи, ваяния и зодчества) where he also served as a rector up until his death. He held the title of People's Artist of Russia.
Glazunov in 2010
Ilya Sergeyevich Glazunov
Илья Сергеевич Глазунов
10 June 1930
|Died||9 July 2017 (aged 87)|
|Awards||Full cavalier of the Order "For Merit to the Fatherland"|
Ilya Glazunov's paintings have mostly historic or religious themes. Famous works include Russia the Eternal, The 20th Century Mystery, The Ruining of the Temple on Easter Night, and illustrations to the works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky.
Ilya Glazunov was born in Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg) to Sergey Fyodorovich Glazunov and Olga Konstantinovna Glazunova (née Flug). Both of his parents originally belonged to Russian nobility. His father was a historian. As a child, Glazunov attended a children's school of arts, and later a secondary art school in the historical district of Petrogradskaya Storona.
During the Great Patriotic War he survived the Siege of Leningrad. His father, mother and other relatives died in it. In 1942 the then-eleven-year-old was transported from besieged Leningrad along the Road of Life. He stayed in the village of Greblo in the Novgorod region. In 1944 he returned to Leningrad and studied in the Leningrad Secondary Art School. From 1951 to 1957 he studied art at the I. Repin Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture under the direction of Professor Boris Ioganson.
In 1956, he married Nina Vinogradova-Benois. He painted the image of Nina in many of his works. Nina Aleksandrovna was a descendant of the Benois family, a familiar name in art history. Her uncle was the artistic director of the La Scala Opera for 30 years. On 24 May 1986, Nina Vinogradova-Benois committed suicide, just a few days before the opening of the exhibition of her husband in Manege. Their children, Ivan and Vera, have both become artists.
Glazunov's success at the International Competition of Young Artists in Prague prompted the opening of his first single exhibition in Moscow in 1957. Soon after in the 1960s, he traveled to Italy for the first time to paint the portraits of many famous actors and actress, including Gina Lollobrigida and Anita Ekberg. He also painted portraits of many political leaders, including Indira Gandhi, Leonid Brezhnev, Urho Kekkonen, Yury Luzhkov and Andrei Gromyko. In 1978, Glazunov started teaching in the Moscow University of Art. In 1987 he founded the Russian Academy of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.
Ilya Glazunov was known for his active political position, dictated by his patriotic, monarchistic and anti-democratic views. During the 1970s he stood against the general plan for restoration of Moscow that threatened to ruin part of the historic centre of Moscow. Together with Vyacheslav Ovchinnikov he gathered signatures of prominent scientific and cultural figures under a letter of protest that was sent to the Politburo. The project was made public, then heavily criticized and, as a result, was cancelled. This also led to the creation of the civil committee that monitored other reconstruction plans. Glazunov was one of the main advocates behind the restoration of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour and one of the co-founders of the All-Russian Society for Protection of Historical and Cultural Monuments (VOOPIiK).
- The Great Experiment. Glazunov's epic canvas on Russia in the 20th century.
- "Legend of the Grand Inquisitor" Triptych
Illustrations for F. Dostoyevsky's novel The Brothers Karamazov:
- Grand Inquisitor. Left portion of the Triptych.
- Golgotha. Central portion of the Triptych.
- Dostoyevsky. Night. Right portion of the Triptych.
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland;
- 1st class (10 June 2010) - for outstanding contribution to the development of national art, many years of creative and educational activities
- 2nd class (11 October 2005) - for outstanding achievements in the field of domestic art and education
- 3rd class (9 June 2000) - for outstanding contribution to the development of national art
- 4th class (29 May 1995) - for services to the state, achievements in work and significant contribution to strengthening friendship and cooperation between nations
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1985)
- People's Artist of the USSR (1980)
- Honoured Artist of the RSFSR (1973)
- State Prize of the Russian Federation (1997) - for the restoration of the Moscow Kremlin
- "For Service to Moscow" insignia - for his great services in the arts and arts education
- Order of St. Andrei Rublev, 1st class (Russian Orthodox Church, 4 December 2010) - for outstanding contribution to the development of Russian art in the 80th anniversary of his birth
- Honorary member of the Historical and Patriotic Association "Russian Banner" (1989)
- Perpetual rector of the Russian Academy of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture
- Member of the Academy of Management in Education and Culture (1997)
- "The most outstanding artist of the 20th century" in a poll of polls (1999)
- UNESCO Gold Medal - for "outstanding contribution to world culture"
- Member of the Russian Academy of Arts (2000)
- Постановление ЦИК РФ № 98/785-6, 9 февраля 2012
- Biography at the official website
- Ilya Glazunov (2004). Crucified Russia. — Moscow: Olymp, ISBN 5-7390-1317-8
- Илья Глазунов: «ЖИТЬ В РОССИИ» Archived 2012-06-17 at the Wayback Machine
- A Conservative Russian Lion With Real Mass Influence – The Painter Ilya Glazunov article by Russia Insider, September 11, 2016
- Valentin Novikov. Vyacheslav Ovchinnikov: «Let's start at least with small deeds» article at the Writers' Union of Russia official website (in Russian)
- History of the VOOPIiK at the official website (in Russian)
- "Умер художник Илья Глазунов" (in Russian). BBC Russian. 9 July 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
- Today at the Sretensky Monastery people say goodbye to Ilya Glazunov by Russia-K, July 10, 2017 (in Russian)
- Schmadel, Lutz D. (2003). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names (5th ed.). New York: Springer Verlag. p. 304. ISBN 3-540-00238-3.
- "Илья Глазунов, художник: "Лакеи не могут править страной"". Archived from the original on 2011-02-06. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- "Андрей Ванденко представляет. Интервью с Ильей Глазуновым". Archived from the original on 2012-01-11. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 29 мая 1995 года № 533 «О награждении государственными наградами Российской Федерации работников акционерных обществ, предприятий и организаций»