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Ilford South (UK Parliament constituency)

Ilford South is a constituency[n 1] created in 1945 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1992 by Mike Gapes. Gapes was formerly a member of the Labour and Co-operative Party, before resigning his membership on 19 February 2019 to sit as a member of Change UK.[n 2]

Ilford South
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Ilford South in Greater London.
CountyGreater London
Electorate86,401 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlementsIlford
Current constituency
Created1945
Member of ParliamentMike Gapes (Change UK)
Number of membersOne
Created fromIlford
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencyLondon

Contents

Constituency profileEdit

The area comprising the seat since 1997 is denser than Ilford North and has similar population density to neighbouring seats to the south and west closer to central London. The most common housing kind by a large margin is terraced housing in the boundaries as drawn. The town of Ilford and most outlying areas are well connected by either London Underground stations or tube stations to central London and an arterial road route cuts through the area, partially segregated from adjoining buildings. Before 1900 Ilford was a market town with few commuters a situation which has changed significantly during the following century — much housing was built to rehouse people from the formerly smaller East End of London which covers a wide area to the immediate west; this urbanisation of the area was completed as part of a 20-year housing expansion in the area following the damage caused in the London Blitz.

Political history

This constituency was created in 1945. The current MP since 1992, Mike Gapes, now a member of Change UK, was the fourth Labour Party MP, each of whose tenures was interspersed or preceded by one of a Conservative MP serving the area. Despite its record of MPs elected, under Gapes's tenure Ilford South became a very safe seat for the Labour Party; in every election since 1997 it has been won by a majority of over 20% by Labour, and in 2017 they secured over 75% of the vote in the constituency. Gapes was one of seven Labour MPs who resigned from the party in February 2019 to form Change UK due to the leadership's approach to Brexit, foreign policy and antisemitism within the party.[2]

The 2015 result made the seat the 38th safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[3] The narrowest result since 1997 (inclusive) was in 2005 at a majority of 21.6%; the 2017 majority is the greatest ever achieved in the seat, at 54.9%.

BoundariesEdit

 
Ilford South in Essex, showing boundaries used from 1945 to 1950.

1945–1950: The Municipal Borough of Ilford wards of Clementswood, Cranbrook, Goodmayes, Loxford, and Park.

1950–1974: The Municipal Borough of Ilford wards of Clementswood, Cranbrook, Goodmayes, Loxford, Mayfield, and Park.

1974–1983: The London Borough of Redbridge wards of Clementswood, Cranbrook, Goodmayes, Ilford, Mayfield, and Park.

1983–1997: As above substituting Ilford and Park with reshaped wards Loxford, Newbury, and Valentines.

1997–present: As above plus Chadwell and Seven Kings wards.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 2010sEdit

General election 2017: Ilford South[5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Mike Gapes 43,724 75.8 +11.8
Conservative Christopher Chapman 12,077 20.9 -5.0
Liberal Democrat Farid Ahmed 772 1.3 -0.6
Green Rosemary Warrington 542 0.9 -2.0
UKIP Tariq Saeed 477 0.8 -4.4
Friends Party Kane Khan 65 0.1 N/A
Majority 31,647 54.9 +16.8
Turnout 57,657 69.9 +13.5
Registered electors 82,487
Labour Co-op hold Swing +8.4
General election 2015: Ilford South[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Mike Gapes[8] 33,232 64.0 +14.6
Conservative Christopher Chapman 13,455 25.9 −1.5
UKIP Amjad Khan[9] 2,705 5.2 +3.0
Green Rosemary Warrington[10] 1,506 2.9 +0.3
Liberal Democrat Ashburn Holder 1,014 2.0 −15.0
Majority 19,777 38.1 +16.0
Turnout 51,912 56.4 −1.6
Registered electors 91,987
Labour Co-op hold Swing +8.1
General election 2010: Ilford South[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Mike Gapes 25,311 49.4 +0.6
Conservative Toby Boutle 14,014 27.4 +0.1
Liberal Democrat Anood Al-Samerai 8,679 17.0 −3.6
Green Wilson Chowdhry 1,319 2.6 N/A
UKIP Terry Murray 1,132 2.2 +0.6
Save King George Hospital John Jestico 746 1.5 N/A
Majority 11,297 22.1 −0.5
Turnout 51,201 58.0 +4.4
Registered electors 86,220
Labour Co-op hold Swing +0.2

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General election 2005: Ilford South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Mike Gapes 20,856 48.9 −10.7
Conservative Stephen Metcalfe 11,628 27.2 +1.5
Liberal Democrat Matthew E. Lake 8,761 20.5 +9.2
British Public Party Kashif Rana 763 1.8 +1.8
UKIP Colin H. Taylor 685 1.6 −1.8
Majority 9,228 21.6 -12.3
Turnout 42,693 53.6 −0.7
Registered electors 79,646
Labour Co-op hold Swing −6.1
General election 2001: Ilford South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Mike Gapes 24,619 59.6 +1.1
Conservative Suresh Kumar 10,622 25.7 −4.4
Liberal Democrat Ralph Scott 4,647 11.3 +5.0
UKIP Harun Khan 1,407 3.4 N/A
Majority 13,997 33.9 +5.5
Turnout 41,295 54.3 −15.9
Registered electors 76,025
Labour Co-op hold Swing +2.7

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General election 1997: Ilford South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Mike Gapes 29,273 58.5 +13.5
Conservative Neil Thorne 15,073 30.1 −14.3
Liberal Democrat Aina Khan 3,152 6.3 −3.3
Referendum David Hodges 1,073 2.1 N/A
Socialist Labour Bruce G. Ramsey 868 1.7 N/A
BNP Aron Owens 580 1.2 N/A
Majority 14,200 28.4 +27.4
Turnout 50,019 70.2 -6.5
Registered electors 71,202
Labour Co-op hold Swing +16.6
General election 1992: Ilford South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Mike Gapes 19,418 45.4 +7.9
Conservative Neil Thorne 19,016 44.4 −4.0
Liberal Democrat George G. Hogarth 4,126 9.6 −4.5
Natural Law Nandkishore Bramachari 269 0.6 N/A
Majority 402 1.0 N/A
Turnout 42,829 76.7 +4.9
Registered electors 55,741
Labour Co-op gain from Conservative Swing +6.0

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General election 1987: Ilford South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neil Thorne 20,351 48.4 +2.9
Labour Kenneth Jones 15,779 37.5 +3.1
Liberal Ralph Scott 5,928 14.1 −5.4
Majority 4,572 10.9 -0.2
Turnout 42,058 71.8 +1.2
Registered electors 58,572
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1983: Ilford South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neil Thorne 18,672 45.5 -1.3
Labour J.H. Hogben 14,106 34.4 -8.3
Liberal Ralph Scott 7,999 19.5 +10.6
BNP R.A. Martin 235 0.6 -0.9
Majority 4,566 11.1 +7.0
Turnout 41,012 70.6 -5.3
Registered electors 58,208
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General election 1979: Ilford South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neil Thorne 19,290 46.8 +6.55
Labour Arnold Shaw 17,602 42.7 -2.01
Liberal Ralph Scott 3,664 8.9 -5.72
National Front T.C. Fitzgerald 636 1.5 N/A
Majority 1,688 4.1 N/A
Turnout 39,230 75.9 +6.17
Registered electors 54,295
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General election October 1974: Ilford South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arnold Shaw 17,538 44.71 +4.64
Conservative Neil Thorne 15,789 40.25 +2.84
Liberal E. Yates 5,734 14.62 -7.90
More Prosperous Britain Tom Keen 169 0.43 N/A
Majority 1,749 4.46 +1.80
Turnout 39,230 69.73 -7.20
Registered electors 56,257
Labour hold Swing
General election February 1974: Ilford South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arnold Shaw 17,201 40.07 -2.96
Conservative Albert Cooper 16,058 37.41 -8.84
Liberal Gareth Wilson 9,666 22.52 +14.11
Majority 1,143 2.66 N/A
Turnout 42,925 76.93 +8.8
Registered electors 55,799
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General election 1970: Ilford South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Albert Cooper 18,369 46.25 +4.48
Labour Arnold Shaw 17,087 43.03 -4.56
Liberal Gerald Leslie Wilson 3,341 8.41 -2.22
National Front Malcolm Eric Leslie Skeggs 727 1.83 N/A
Independent Michael Joseph Marks 190 0.48 N/A
Majority 1,282 3.23 N/A
Turnout 39,714 68.13 -8.80
Registered electors 58,292
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1960sEdit

General election 1966: Ilford South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arnold Shaw 20,613 47.59 +9.52
Conservative Albert Cooper 18,093 41.77 -0.36
Liberal Irene Watson 4,606 10.63 -8.99
Majority 2,520 5.82 N/A
Turnout 43,312 76.93 +1.92
Registered electors 56,302
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General election 1964: Ilford South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Albert Cooper 18,352 42.13 -8.37
Labour Arnold Shaw 16,659 38.25 +3.20
Liberal Peter McGregor 8,547 19.62 +5.17
Majority 1,693 3.89 -11.57
Turnout 43,558 75.01 -2.90
Registered electors 58,066
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General election 1959: Ilford South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Albert Cooper 23,876 50.50 -6.23
Labour Gordon Borrie 16,569 35.05 -8.22
Liberal Raymond V Netherclift 6,832 14.45 N/A
Majority 7,307 15.46 +1.99
Turnout 47,277 77.91 +2.59
Registered electors 60,678
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1955: Ilford South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Albert Cooper 27,292 56.73 +1.98
Labour James Ranger 20,814 43.27 -1.98
Majority 6,478 13.47 +3.96
Turnout 48,106 75.32 -7.34
Registered electors 63,866
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1951: Ilford South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Albert Cooper 30,177 54.75 +5.24
Labour James Ranger 24,938 45.25 +3.72
Majority 5,239 9.51 +1.53
Turnout 54,115 82.66 -2.71
Registered electors 66,678
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1950: Ilford South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Albert Cooper 28,087 49.51 +13.21
Labour James Ranger 23,558 41.53 -6.47
Liberal Ronald Acott Hall 4,170 7.35 -8.35
Communist Dave Kelly[13] 913 1.61 N/A
Majority 4,529 7.98 N/A
Turnout 56,728 85.37 +14.27
Registered electors 66,720
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1940sEdit

General election 1945: Ilford South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Ranger 19,339 48.0 N/A
Conservative Edward Boulton 14,633 36.3 N/A
Liberal Eric Arthur Holloway 6,322 15.7 N/A
Majority 4,706 11.7 N/A
Turnout 40,294 71.1 N/A
Registered electors 56,669
Labour win (new seat)

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. ^ Johnston, John (18 February 2019). "Read the FULL resignation statements as Labour MPs quit to form 'The Independent Group'". PoliticsHome. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  3. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "I"
  5. ^ "Ilford South parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
  6. ^ http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-7979/CBP-7979.pdf
  7. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  8. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/ilford-south-2015.html
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-04-15. Retrieved 2015-04-25.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ https://my.greenparty.org.uk/candidates/106014
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2010-05-02.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ General Election Results from the Electoral Commission
  13. ^ Stevenson, Graham. "Dave Kelly". Retrieved 23 April 2017.

External linksEdit