Dagenham and Rainham (UK Parliament constituency)

Dagenham and Rainham is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 creation by Jon Cruddas of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Dagenham and Rainham
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Dagenham and Rainham in Greater London
CountyGreater London
Electorate70,187 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created2010
Member of ParliamentJon Cruddas (Labour)
Number of membersOne
Created fromDagenham, Hornchurch, Barking

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election Member [2] Party
2010 Jon Cruddas Labour

BoundariesEdit

Electoral wards Local authority
(North to south) Whalebone, Chadwell Heath[n 3], Heath, Eastbrook, Village, River London Borough of Barking and Dagenham
Elm Park, Rainham and Wennington, South Hornchurch London Borough of Havering

Constituency profileEdit

The constituency may retain significant pockets of poverty indicated by a high ranking in the Index of Multiple Deprivation compiled in the year 2000 however average incomes were in four large wards close to the national average.[3] The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham saw the most rapid decrease in people of White British ethnicity in the 10 years to the 2011 census, of 31.4 percentage points. However the same dataset shows that 58.3% of people are white in the seat, which is similar to the Greater London average. An established area of settlement for British people of Asian ethnicity with 15.9% of this background, the neighbouring London Borough of Newham has a much higher proportion of residents with Asian heritage, 43.5%.[4]

HistoryEdit

Before 1945 the Dagenham area was part of the Romford constituency. The MP for the latter seat since 1935, Labour's John Parker, continued to represent Dagenham until 1983. Parker was the last serving MP to have been elected before the Second World War, and with 48 years in Parliament, was the longest-serving Labour MP in history, a record he held until December 2017. The seat was first contested in the 2010 general election which resulted from the Boundary Commission's report that recommended merging the majority of the former constituencies of Dagenham and Hornchurch and added to existing electoral wards a small part of River ward was also transferred from Barking.

In 2010 Labour's Jon Cruddas took the seat gaining a marginal 5.9% win, facing a strong nominal (ward-by-ward) Lab–Con swing measured against the previous forerunner seats and candidates. BNP candidate Michael Barnbrook came third with 11.2% of the vote, his party's second-best showing in the election. In 2015, Cruddas, incumbent won an 11.6% majority; the runner-up party changed to being UKIP closely followed by the Conservative candidate.

In 2019, Cruddas' majority was cut to just 293 votes, the lowest Labour majority in Dagenham ever, which has been represented by Labour MPs since 1945.

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 2010sEdit

General election 2019: Dagenham and Rainham[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jon Cruddas 19,468 44.5  5.6
Conservative Damian White 19,175 43.8  3.9
Brexit Party Tom Bewick 2,887 6.6  
Liberal Democrats Sam Fisk 1,182 2.7  1.7
Green Azzees Minott 602 1.4  0.2
Independent Ron Emin 212 0.5  
Independent Terry London 209 0.5  0.3
Majority 293 0.7  9.5
Turnout 43,735 61.7  3.2
Registered electors 71,045
Labour hold Swing -4.8
General election 2017: Dagenham and Rainham[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jon Cruddas 22,958 50.1  8.7
Conservative Julie Marson 18,306 39.9  15.6
UKIP Peter Harris 3,246 7.1  22.8
Green Denis Breading 544 1.2  0.7
Liberal Democrats Jonathan Fryer 465 1.0  0.7
BNP Paul Sturdy 239 0.5  0.1
Concordia Terence London 85 0.2  0.1
Majority 4,652 10.1  1.4
Turnout 45,843 64.9  2.6
Registered electors 70,616
Labour hold Swing -3.4
General election 2015: Dagenham and Rainham[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jon Cruddas 17,830 41.4  1.1
UKIP Peter Harris 12,850 29.8  26.3
Conservative Julie Marson 10,492 24.4  10.0
Green Kate Simpson[9] 806 1.9  1.2
Liberal Democrats Denise Capstick[10][11] 717 1.7  6.9
BNP Tess Culnane 151 0.4  10.8
Independent Terry London 133 0.3  0.3
English Democrat Kim Gandy 71 0.2  0.2
Majority 4,980 11.6  5.7
Turnout 43,050 62.3  0.9
Registered electors 69,128
Labour hold Swing -12.6
General election 2010: Dagenham & Rainham[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jon Cruddas* 17,813 40.3 N/A
Conservative Simon Jones 15,183 34.3 N/A
BNP Michael Barnbrook 4,952 11.2 N/A
Liberal Democrats Joseph Bourke 3,806 8.6 N/A
UKIP Craig Litwin 1,569 3.5 N/A
Independent Gordon Kennedy[13] 308 0.7 N/A
Christian Paula Watson[14] 305 0.7 N/A
Green Debbie Rosaman 296 0.7 N/A
Majority 2,630 5.9 N/A
Turnout 44,232 63.4 N/A
Registered electors 69,764
Labour win (new seat)
* Served as MP for Dagenham in the 2005–2010 Parliament

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ cf. Chadwell in neighbouring London Borough of Redbridge
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 1)
  3. ^ "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". www.ons.gov.uk.
  4. ^ "Forest Heath (East of England) was the only local authority to see an increase in White British between 2001 and 2011 (by 0.8 percentage points). The proportion of White British decreased in the remaining local authorities in England and Wales, with the largest decrease in Barking and Dagenham at 31.4 percentage points." 2011 Census statistics
  5. ^ https://www.lbbd.gov.uk/sites/default/files/attachments/Statement%20of%20Persons%20Nominated%20-%20Dagenham%20and%20Rainham_0.pdf
  6. ^ http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-7979/CBP-7979.pdf
  7. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  8. ^ [1][dead link]
  9. ^ "2015 general elections". Archived from the original on 2015-01-08. Retrieved 2015-02-25.
  10. ^ http://www.libdems.org.uk/list_of_selected_candidates
  11. ^ http://www.libdems.org.uk/denise_capstick
  12. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  13. ^ Gordon Kennedy. "Just Vote Them Out". Archived from the original on 2010-05-12. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
  14. ^ "Dagenham and Rainham". Christian Party. Archived from the original on 20 April 2010. Retrieved 8 April 2010.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 51°32′N 0°10′E / 51.53°N 0.17°E / 51.53; 0.17