Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione

Antonio Vivaldi (engraving by François Morellon de La Cave, from Michel-Charles Le Cène's edition of Vivaldi's Op. 8, 1725)

Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione (The Contest Between Harmony and Invention) is a set of twelve concertos written by Antonio Vivaldi between 1723 and 1725 and published in 1725 as Op. 8. All are for violin solo, strings, and basso continuo. The first four concertos are usually known as The Four Seasons (Le quattro stagioni).

They were published in the Amsterdam workshop of Michel-Charles Le Cène and dedicated to Wenceslas, Count of Morzin[1], an advisor to Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (not to be confused with Karl Joseph, Count Morzin, benefactor of Joseph Haydn).

List of concertosEdit

  • Concerto No. 1 in E major, "La primavera" (Spring), RV 269
  • Concerto No. 2 in G minor, "L'estate" (Summer), RV 315
  • Concerto No. 3 in F major, "L'autunno" (Autumn), RV 293
  • Concerto No. 4 in F minor, "L'inverno" (Winter), RV 297
  • Concerto No. 5 in E major, "La tempesta di mare" (The Storm at Sea or The Sea Storm), RV 253
  • Concerto No. 6 in C major, "Il piacere" (Pleasure), RV 180
  • Concerto No. 7 in D minor, "Per Pisendel" (For Pisendel), RV 242
  • Concerto No. 8 in G minor, RV 332
  • Concerto No. 9 in D minor, RV 236 (scored for violin) / RV 454 (scored for oboe)
  • Concerto No. 10 in B major, "La caccia" (The Hunt), RV 362
  • Concerto No. 11 in D major, RV 210
  • Concerto No. 12 in C major, RV 178 (scored for violin) / RV 449 (scored for oboe)

External linksEdit


  1. ^ Eleanor Selfridge-Field's edition of ″The Four Seasons″ score for Dover Publications, 1995