Ii (Finnish pronunciation: [iː]; Swedish: Ijo) is a municipality of Finland. It is situated by the Bothnian Bay, at the mouth of river Iijoki, and it is part of the Northern Ostrobothnia region. The municipality has a population of 9,912 (31 December 2021)[2] and covers an area of 2,872.44 km2 (1,109.06 sq mi) of which 1,256.69 km2 (485.21 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 6.38/km2 (16.5/sq mi).

Ii
Ijo
Municipality
Iin kunta
Ijo kommun
Roadsign marking the entrance to Ii (in uppercase)
Roadsign marking the entrance to Ii (in uppercase)
Coat of arms of Ii
Location of Ii in Finland
Location of Ii in Finland
Coordinates: 65°19′N 025°22′E / 65.317°N 25.367°E / 65.317; 25.367Coordinates: 65°19′N 025°22′E / 65.317°N 25.367°E / 65.317; 25.367
Country Finland
RegionNorth Ostrobothnia
Sub-regionOulu Arc
Charter1445
Government
 • Municipal managerAri Alatossava
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total2,872.44 km2 (1,109.06 sq mi)
 • Land1,552.54 km2 (599.44 sq mi)
 • Water1,256.69 km2 (485.21 sq mi)
 • Rank42nd largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total9,912
 • Rank100th largest in Finland
 • Density6.38/km2 (16.5/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish99.5% (official)
 • Swedish0.1%
 • Others0.4%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1422.5%
 • 15 to 6456.2%
 • 65 or older21.3%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]21.5%
Websitewww.ii.fi

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

Ii merged with Kuivaniemi on 1 January 2007. The new municipality retained the name Ii, but adopted the coat of arms of Kuivaniemi. Ii is notable for having the shortest place name in Finland, and also one of the shortest ones in the world. The etymology is not definitively established; options are either Germanic origin or Sami origin. In the latter, it would mean "a place to stay overnight in"; cf. Northern Sami idja "night".[6]

Beginning in 2008, Ii is home to the ART Ii Biennale of Northern Environmental and Sculpture Art, an international art fair.

The city has ambition to become the first zero waste town in the world, and its municipal manager claims that it does not use fossil fuels for energy.[7]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M12*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ Hyyryläinen, Toivo: Kahden kirjaimen pitäjä, Iin perinnekirja. Saarijärven Offset, 2006.
  7. ^ "New generation of climate heroes". BBC News. Retrieved 22 June 2019.

External linksEdit

  •   Ii travel guide from Wikivoyage
  •   Media related to Ii at Wikimedia Commons
  • Municipality of Ii – Official website, finnish, english