"If I Had a Hammer (The Hammer Song)" is a protest song written by Pete Seeger and Lee Hays. It was written in 1949 in support of the Progressive movement, and was first recorded by the Weavers, a folk music quartet composed of Seeger, Hays, Ronnie Gilbert, and Fred Hellerman. It was a #10 hit for Peter, Paul and Mary in 1962 and then went to #3 a year later when recorded by Trini Lopez in 1963.

"The Hammer Song"
Original 1950 release by The Weavers on Hootenanny Records, 101-A.
Single by The Weavers
B-side"Banks of Marble"
Songwriter(s)Pete Seeger
Lee Hays
"If I Had a Hammer"
Single by Peter, Paul and Mary
Single by Peter, Paul and Mary
from the album Peter, Paul and Mary
B-side"Gone the Rainbow"
LabelWarner Bros.
Songwriter(s)Pete Seeger
Lee Hays
Producer(s)Albert Grossman
Milt Okun
Peter, Paul and Mary singles chronology
"Lemon Tree"
"If I Had a Hammer"
"Puff, the Magic Dragon"
"If I Had a Hammer"
Single by Trini Lopez
Single by Trini Lopez
from the album Trini Lopez at PJ's
B-side"Unchain My Heart"
GenreFolk rock
Songwriter(s)Pete Seeger
Lee Hays
Producer(s)Don Costa
Trini Lopez singles chronology
"If I Had a Hammer"
"Kansas City"
"Datemi un martello"
Single by Rita Pavone
B-side"Che m'importa del mondo"
ReleasedDecember 1963[1]
GenrePop, chanson, surf rock
LabelRCA Italiana
Songwriter(s)Pete Seeger
Lee Hays
Sergio Bardotti
Producer(s)Luis Bacalov
Rita Pavone singles chronology
"Datemi un martello"
"Son finite le vacanze"

The Weavers released the song under the title "The Hammer Song" as a 78 rpm single in March 1950 on Hootenanny Records, 101-A, backed with "Banks of Marble".

Early versions edit

The song was first performed publicly by Pete Seeger and Lee Hays on June 3, 1949, at St. Nicholas Arena in New York City at a testimonial dinner for the leaders of the Communist Party of the United States, who were then on trial in federal court, charged with violating the Smith Act by advocating the overthrow of the U.S. government.[2] It was not particularly successful in commercial terms when it was first released. It was part of the three songs Seeger played as the warm-up act for Paul Robeson's September 4 concert near Peekskill, New York, which subsequently erupted into a notorious riot.[3]

Hit versions edit

It fared notably better commercially when it was recorded by Peter, Paul and Mary 12 years later. Their version of the song, released in July 1962 from the group's debut album became a top 10 hit, and won the Grammy Awards for Best Folk Recording and Best Performance by a Vocal Group. Trini Lopez's 1963 single went to number three on the same Billboard chart. It was included on his album Trini Lopez at PJ's (Reprise R/RS 6093).[4] Rita Pavone's Italian-language adaptation "Datemi un martello", with lyrics by Sergio Bardotti, was a major hit in Italy and also charted in South America.[5]

Other versions edit

Legacy edit

The song "If I Had a Hammer" was a freedom song of the civil rights movement. It had a tremendous impact on the American youth in the 1960s who protested against the American culture. It helped to spark the hippie movement.[citation needed]

Charts edit

Peter, Paul and Mary
Chart (1962) Peak
US Billboard Hot 100[18] 10
US Cashbox Top 100[19] 13
Trini Lopez
Chart (1963) Peak
Sweden (Kvällstoppen)[20] 1
Sweden (Tio i Topp)[21] 1
UK Singles (OCC)[22] 4
US Billboard Hot 100[23] 3
US Billboard Hot R&B Singles[24] 12
Rita Pavone
Chart (1964) Peak
Argentina (CAPIF)[25] 3
Brazil (IBOPE)[26] 1
Italy (Musica e dischi)[27] 1
Uruguay[28] 5

References edit

  1. ^ "Rita Pavone - Datemi un martello".
  2. ^ "Town Talk," The Daily Worker, June 1, 1949
  3. ^ Frillmann, Karen. "Today in History: Peekskill Riots". WYNC (New York), 4 September 2009. Accessed 25 January 2015.
  4. ^ Gilliland, John (1969). "Show 21 - Forty Miles of Bad Road: Some of the best from rock 'n' roll's dark ages. [Part 2]" (audio). Pop Chronicles. University of North Texas Libraries. Track 2.
  5. ^ Salvatori, Dario (2001). "Datemi un martello". Dizionario delle canzoni italiane. Elle U. p. 119. ISBN 8888169016.
  6. ^ a b c d Phull, Hardeep (2008). Story behind the Protest Song: A Reference Guide to the 50 Songs That Changed the 20th Century. ABC-CLIO. p. 20. ISBN 9781567206852.
  7. ^ Laing, Dave (December 21, 2011). "Ross MacManus Obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  8. ^ Paul Simpson, ed. (2003). The Rough Guide to Cult Pop. Rough Guides. p. 80. ISBN 9781843532293.
  9. ^ Schnakenberg, Robert (2014). The Encyclopedia Shatnerica: An A to Z Guide to the Man and His Universe. Quirk Books. p. 223. ISBN 9781594747762.
  10. ^ Sandahl, Carrie (2000). "Bob Flanagan: Taking It Like a Man". Journal of Dramatic Theory and Criticism: 97–105.
  11. ^ "Pongo en Tus Manos Abiertas - Victor Jara | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 2020-03-23.
  12. ^ Mularski, Jedrek (2014). Music, Politics, and Nationalism In Latin America: Chile During the Cold War Era. Cambria Press. p. 94. ISBN 9781621967378.
  13. ^ "Johnny Cash". Billboard.
  14. ^ Banister, C. Eric (2014). Johnny Cash FAQ: All That's Left to Know About the Man in Black. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 208. ISBN 9781617136092.
  15. ^ "Wanda Jackson". Billboard.
  16. ^ "Various Artists – Appleseed's 21st Anniversary: Roots and Branches". AllMusic. Retrieved July 14, 2021.
  17. ^ "Appleseed will release unreleased Springsteen recording". Point Blank. August 28, 2018. Retrieved July 14, 2021.
  18. ^ "Peter Paul Mary Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
  19. ^ "Cashbox Top 100: October 16, 1962". cashboxmagazine.com. Retrieved 2021-04-05.
  20. ^ Hallberg, Eric (1993). Eric Hallberg presenterar Kvällstoppen i P 3: Sveriges radios topplista över veckans 20 mest sålda skivor 10. 7. 1962 - 19. 8. 1975. Drift Musik. p. 243. ISBN 9163021404.
  21. ^ Hallberg, Eric; Henningsson, Ulf (1998). Eric Hallberg, Ulf Henningsson presenterar Tio i topp med de utslagna på försök: 1961 - 74. Premium Publishing. p. 313. ISBN 919727125X.
  22. ^ "Trini Lopez: Artist Chart History". Official Charts Company.
  23. ^ "Trini Lopez Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
  24. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-2004. Record Research. p. 360.
  25. ^ "Billboard (8/29/64)" (PDF).
  26. ^ "Billboard (9/5/64)" (PDF).
  27. ^ "Hit Parade Italia".
  28. ^ "Billboard (7/18/64)" (PDF).

External links edit