Ibn Sab'īn (Arabic: محمدبن عبدالحق بن سبعين ʿAbd al-Ḥaqq b. Sabʿīn al-Mursī) was an Arab[1][2] Sufi philosopher, the last[citation needed] philosopher of the Andalus in the west land of Islamic world. He was born in 1217 in Spain and lived in Ceuta. He was known for his replies to questions sent to him by Frederick II, ruler of Sicily. He died in 1271 in Mecca. He was also known for his knowledge of the "hidden sciences" and was well versed in knowledge of Islam and of other religions.[3]

ʿAbd al-Ḥaqq b. Sabʿīn al-Mursī
محمدبن عبدالحق بن سبعين‎
Ibn Sab'in.png
Born1216/1217 CE
DiedMarch 21, 1271 CE
(9 Shawwal 669 AH)
Notable workSicilian Questions
SchoolFounder of the Sab'iniyya
Main interests
Sufism and philosophy

His school is a combination of philosophical and Gnostic thoughts.

He was recognized by Michele Amari[4] as the author, among others, of the responses to the famous Sicilian Questions of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor.[5]


  1. ^ Leaman, Oliver (2013-03-07). History of Islamic Philosophy. Routledge. ISBN 9781136780448.
  2. ^ Leaman, Oliver (2015-07-16). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Islamic Philosophy. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 9781472569455.
  3. ^ S. H. Nasr (2006), Islamic Philosophy from Its Origin to the Present: Philosophy in the Land of Prophecy, State University of New York Press, pp. 156-157.
  4. ^ Michele Amari, Questions philosophiques adressées aux savants musulmans par l'Empereur Frédéric IIe, in Journal asiatique, Ve serie, 1, Paris, 1853, pp. 240-274.http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k931611/f240.pagination.r=Michele+Amari.langEN.
  5. ^ Luisa Arvide, Las Cuestiones Sicilianas de Ibn Sabin, GEU, Granada 2009 (in Arabic and Spanish).