Ibn Darraj al-Qastalli

Abu Umar Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Asi ibn Ahmad ibn Sulayman ibn Isa ibn Darraj al-Qastalli[1] (Arabic: أبوعمر أحمد بن محمد بن العاصي بن أحمد بن سليمان بن عيسى بن الدرّاج القسطلي, 958–1030) was an Andalusi poet of Berber origin. He was an author of courtly poetry for the Córdoban military leader Almanzor and after 1018, for the rulers of the Taifa of Zaragoza.[2][3] He is mentioned by the Muslim philosopher Al-Tha'alibi in his work Kitāb Yatīmat saying "He was for the country Andalus that which al-Mutanabbi was for Syria, a poet of the highest order, and equally elegant in what he said and wrote."[1]

Ibn Darraj al-Qastalli
ابن دراج، احمد بن محمد
Born(958-03-00)March , 958
near Tavira, Portugal or Jaen, Spain
Died1030 (aged 71–72)
Other namesAḥmad Ibn-Muḥammad Ibn-Darrāǧ al-Qasṭallī

Ibn Darraj was born in March 958 into a noble family of Sanhaja Berber origin.[4] There is some confusion with respect to his place of birth. Al-Qasṭallī means native of Qasṭallī, a city in Spain at the time. The medieval cartographer Muhammad al-Idrisi places Kastalla on the coast, fourteen miles east of Tavira. The Spanish historian José Antonio Conde thought that the city was now called Castellar in the Spanish province of Jaen.[1]

He became court poet of Almanzor in 992, where his was admitted due to his improvisational abilities. His poetry was dedicated to extol the military campaigns of Almanzor against the Christian Kingdoms. Apart from its literary value, his poetry also appears to match the historical record and provides insight into the exploits of Almanzor.

After the death of Almanzor, he continued in the service of Almanzor's son Abd al-Malik al-Muzaffar, who he accompanied in his campaign against Leon and Catalonia. However, in 1008, a civil war broke out and he was forced to emigrate, first to Cueta in 1008 with the Hammudids, then to the Taifa of Zaragoza, where he started work as vizier-secretary and court poet for Al-Mundir I in 1018.[5][6]

Again as court poet, he extolled the military exploits of Mundir I. He also sang at the wedding organized by Mundir in 1021 between Count Berenguer Ramon I of Barcelona and Sancha Sánchez, daughter of Sancho Garcia of Castile.[7]

After Mundir I was succeeded by his son Yahya ibn al-Mundhir in 1022, Ibn Darraj continued his service as a poet in the court until his departure to Valencia and then to Dénia in 1028, where he died in 1030.


  1. ^ a b c Ibn-Ḫallikān, Aḥmad Ibn-Muḥammad (1843). Ibn Khallikan's Biographical Dictionary, 1. Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. pp. 120–123.
  2. ^ Garulo, Teresa. (1998). La literatura árabe de Al-Andalus durante el siglo XI. Madrid: Hiperión. ISBN 84-7517-501-5. OCLC 39961775.
  3. ^ Vernet, Juan. (2002). Literatura árabe (1. ed.). Barcelona: El Acantilado. ISBN 84-95359-81-2. OCLC 49943997.
  4. ^ Makkī, M.ʿA. (1986) [1971]. "Ibn Darrād̲j̲ al-Ḳasṭallī". In Lewis, B.; Ménage, V. L.; Pellat, C.; Schacht, J. (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Islam. Vol. III (2nd ed.). Leiden, Netherlands: E. J. BRILL. p. 743. ISBN 9004081186.
  5. ^ Andú, Fernando (2007). El esplendor de la poesía en la taifa de Zaragoza : 409 Hégira/1018 D.C.-503 Hégira/1110 D.C. (1. ed.). Zaragoza: Mira Editores. ISBN 978-84-8465-253-3. OCLC 192012202.
  6. ^ La Aljafería. Zaragoza: Cortes de Aragón. 1998. pp. 35–36. ISBN 84-86794-97-8. OCLC 41185878.
  7. ^ Martínez Díez, Gonzalo. (2007). Sancho III el Mayor : Rey de Pamplona, Rex Ibericus. Madrid: Marcial Pons Ediciones de Historia. ISBN 978-84-15817-42-0. OCLC 847412670.