Ibn Abi Shaybah

Ibn Abi Shaybah or Imam Abu Bakr Ibn Abi Shaybah or Abu Bakr 'Abdullaah bin Muhammad Ibn Abee Shaybah Ibraaheem bin 'Uthmaan Al-'Abasee Al-Koofee (Arabic: امام ابو بكر ابن ابي شىيبه‎‎; 159H – 235H) was an early Muslim scholar of hadith. He authored a musannaf work commonly known as Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah that is one of the earliest extant works in that genre.[3]

Imam Abu Bakr Ibn Abi Shaybah
امام ابو بكر ابن ابي شىيبه
Personal
Born159 AH A.H.
Died235 A.H.
ReligionIslam
DenominationSunni[1]
Main interest(s)Hadith studies
Notable work(s)Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah
OccupationMuhaddith, Hadith compiler, Islamic scholar
Muslim leader
According to this riwayah in Ta’rīkh Baghdād, Ibn Abi Shaybah said 'I see that he was a Jew' about Abu Hanifa

Alongside Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Ali ibn al-Madini and Yahya ibn Ma'in, Ibn Abi Shaybah has been considered by many Muslim specialists in hadith to be one of the four most significant authors in the field.[4]

BiographyEdit

He was born in Kufah, Iraq in 159H. He was the author of large voluminous works such as Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, Al-Musnad and others. He heard from a large group of the scholars from the reliable and trustworthy Imaams, such as Sufyaan bin 'Uyainah, 'Abdullaah bin Al-Mubaarak and 'Abdur-Rahmaan bin Mahdee. Imaam Ahmad Bin Hanbal and his son, 'Abdullaah, reported on his authority and he is from the shuyookh (teachers) of the famous Imaams: Al-Bukhaari, Muslim, Abu Dawood and Ibn Maajah. Abu 'Ubayd Al-Qaasim bin Salaam said: "The leading scholars of Hadeeth are four: The most knowledgeable of them of the Halaal and the Haraam (Lawful and Unlawful) is Ahmad bin Hanbal. The best at listing hadeeth and placing them in the right context is Ali ibn al-Madini. The best at writing a book is Ibn Abee Shaybah. And the most knowledgeable of which hadeeth are authentic and which are weak is Yahyaa bin Ma'een." He added that: "(Knowledge of) the Hadeeth ultimately goes back to four (people): to Abu Bakr Ibn Abee Shaybah, Ahmad bin Hanbal, Yahya ibn Ma'in and 'Alee Ibn Al-Madeenee. So Abu Bakr (Ibn Abee Shaybah) is the best among them at presenting it (i.e. the hadith). Ahmad is the one with the most Fiqh (understanding) of it among them. Yahyaa is best among them at gathering and collecting it. And 'Alee is the most knowledgeable amongst them of it." Al-'Ijlee said: "He is reliable (thiqqah) and a Haafidh." Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee said: "He was precise in his narration (mutqin), memorized many ahaadeeth (haafidh), and produced many works (mukthir). He wrote the books Al-Musnad, Al-Ahkaam, and At-Tafseer." Al-Haafidh Ad-Dhahabee described him as: "The Grand and unique Haafidh, and the one who is reliable (in narration)." He died at the age of 76 (235H). [5]

WritingsEdit

Below is a summary of the discussion of Imam Ibn Abi Shyba available works in Maktabatus Shamila and published in Beirut, Lebnon.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dhahabi, Imam. Siyar 'Alam al-Nubala [ed. Shu'ayb al-Arnaut]. 17. p. 558.
  2. ^ A. Kevin Reinhart, Ritual Action and Practical Action: The Incomprehensibility of Muslim Devotional Action. Taken from Islamic Law in Theory: Studies on Jurisprudence in Honor of Bernard Weiss, pg. 68. Eds. Kevin Reinhart and Robert Gleave. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2014. ISBN 9789004265196
  3. ^ A. Kevin Reinhart, Ritual Action and Practical Action: The Incomprehensibility of Muslim Devotional Action. Taken from Islamic Law in Theory: Studies on Jurisprudence in Honor of Bernard Weiss, pg. 68. Eds. Kevin Reinhart and Robert Gleave. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2014. ISBN 9789004265196
  4. ^ Ibn al-Jawzi, The Life of Ibn Hanbal, pg. 45. Trns. Michael Cooperson. New York: New York University Press, 2016. ISBN 9781479805303
  5. ^ "Imam Abu Bakr Ibn Abee Shaybah (235H)". Retrieved 2019-04-25.
  6. ^ "Imam Abu Bakr Ibn Abee Shaybah". Retrieved 2019-04-25.