Yahya ibn Ma'in

Yaḥyā ibn Maʻīn (Arabic: يحيى بن معين), was a great classical Islamic scholar in the field of hadith[10] of Persian origin.[5][11] He was a close friend of Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal.

Yaḥyā ibn Maʻīn
يحيى بن معين
Title
  • Malik al-Huffazh (the king of the memorizers of hadith)
  • Shaykh al-Muhadditsin (the teacher of the hadith experts)
Personal
Born774[1]
Died847 (aged 72–73)[5][6]
ReligionIslam
EraIslamic golden age
RegionAbbasid Caliphate
JurisprudenceHanafi[3][4]
CreedAthari[7]
Main interest(s)
Known for
Muslim leader

BiographyEdit

Professional lifeEdit

He was born in 158 (A.D.) in the caliphate of Abu Jaafar, originally from the Nabataeans of Iraq from Anbar and brought up in Baghdad. He is the oldest of the great group, which are Ali bin Al-Madini, Ahmed bin Hanbal, Ishaq bin Rahwayh, Abu Bakr bin Abi Shaybah, and Abu Khaithama; they used to behave with him, and they recognized for him. It was an imam kept senior imams of his time, and was a close friend of a number of senior Imams such as Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal. Imam Council was required by Ahmad and his neighbor, and schooled in his hands until nhl of his knowledge, as it was Zahida and Ora honest confidence versed in the science of menMany were asking him to be one of his disciples. He was a close friend of Ahmad ibn Hanbal and is often quoted regarding Ilm ar-Rijal.[12] Alongside Ibn Hanbal, Ali ibn al-Madini and Ibn Abi Shaybah, Ibn Ma'in has been considered by many Muslim specialists in hadith to be one of the four most significant authors in the field.[13]

Academic CareerEdit

Yahya sought knowledge by means of various journeys which he made so rigorously that after the passing of his father, he spent all of his 1,050,000 inherited dirhams on seeking ḥadīth to the extent that nothing remained - not even enough purchase a pair of shoes.[14] His journey of seeking knowledge of hadith and Islamic rulings caused him to travel to Basrah, Bagdād, Harān, Dimasq, al-Rasāfah, al-Ray, Sanʿā’, Kufā, Egypt and Mecca[15] His works were not limited to mere approbations and disapprobation of narrators albeit being a master of his science, or narrating of aḥādīth;[16] rather, he progressed forward as an author writing many books, although many are no longer extant,[17] despite his formally writing as an author from the age of twenty.[18] Of the books available today are; Ma’rifatul al-Rijāl,[19] Yaḥyā bin Maʿīn wa Kitābuhu ‘l-Tārīkh and a small treatise titled ‘Min Kalām Abī Zakariyyā Yaḥyā bin Maʿīn fi ‘l-Rijāl’.

His teachers included Abdullah Ibn al-Mubārak, Ismāʿīl ibn ʿIyāsh, ‘Abād ibn ‘Abād, Sufyān ibn ʿUyainah, Gundur, Abū Muʿāwiyyah, Ḥātim ibn Ismāʿīl, Ḥafṣ ibn Giyāth, Jarīr ibn ʿAbdul-Ḥamīd, ‘Abd ur-Ruzzāq Sanani, Wakī’ and many others from Irāq, Ḥijāz, Jazīrah, Shām and Miṣr.[20]

His famous students included Aḥmad bin Ḥanbal, Muḥammad bin Sʿad, Abū Khaithamah, al-Bukhārī, Muslim, Abū Dāwūd, ʿAbbās al-Dawrī, Abū Ḥātim and many more.[21]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "مناهج أئمة الجرح والتعديل". Ibnamin.com. Retrieved 2010-04-10.
  2. ^ Tahdhib al-Tahdhib
  3. ^ Soroni, Mohd Khafidz. "Sumbangan Ulama Mazhab Hanafi dalam Pembukuan ‘Ulum Al-Hadith." HADIS 8.16 (2018): 40-62. "Imam Yahya bin Ma‘in (w. 233H)Beliau merupakan imam al-Jarh wa al-Ta‘dilkerana kepakarannya tentang perawi-perawi hadis(al-Zirikli 1998: 8/172). Al-Hafiz al-Dhahabi menyebutnya sebagai bermazhab Hanafi (al-Dhahabi 1985: 11/ 88). Beliau telah menyusun berkaitan kedudukan perawi-perawi hadis, kitab al-Tarikh wa al-‘Ilal, kitabMa‘rifah al-Rijal dan kitabal-Kuna wa al-Asma’."
  4. ^ Abasoomar, Muhammad; Abasoomar, Haroon. "The Great Hanafi Muhaddithun". Hadith Answers.
  5. ^ a b "Muslim American Society". Masnet.org. 2003-10-09. Retrieved 2010-04-10.
  6. ^ "USC-MSA Compendium of Muslim Texts". Usc.edu. Retrieved 2010-04-10.
  7. ^ Melchert, Christopher (1997). The Formation of the Sunni Schools of Law, 9th-10th Centuries C.E. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill Publishers. pp. 7, 165. ISBN 90-04-10952-8. Yahya ibn Ma'in, Abii Khaythamah, and many other prominent traditionalists likewise affirmed.." "the Baghdadi traditionalist Yahya ibn Ma'in is quoted as calling him trustworthy,..
  8. ^ "IslamWeb". IslamWeb. Retrieved 2010-04-10.
  9. ^ Al-Bastawī, ʻAbd al-ʻAlīm ʻAbd al-ʻAẓīm (1990). Al-Imām al-Jūzajānī wa-manhajuhu fi al-jarḥ wa-al-taʻdīl. Maktabat Dār al-Ṭaḥāwī. p. 9.
  10. ^ "Mengenal Yahya Bin Ma'in, Ahli Hadis yang Wafat Ditemani Ribuan Kitab". Arrahmah.com (in Indonesian). 2021-08-20. Retrieved 2021-09-21.
  11. ^ Frye, ed. by R.N. (1975). The Cambridge history of Iran (Repr. ed.). London: Cambridge U.P. p. 471. ISBN 978-0-521-20093-6.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  12. ^ "Rijal: narrators of the Muwatta of Imam Muhammad". Bogvaerker.dk. 2005-01-08. Retrieved 2010-04-10.
  13. ^ Ibn al-Jawzi, The Life of Ibn Hanbal, pg. 45. Trns. Michael Cooperson. New York: New York University Press, 2016. ISBN 9781479805303
  14. ^ Maʿrifatul ‘l-Rijāl, Vol 1, pg. 5. Tārīkh Bagdād, Vol 16, pg. 265
  15. ^ Maʿrifatul al-Rijāl, Vol 1, pg. 7 – 8.
  16. ^ Maʿrifatul ‘l-Rijāl, Vol 1, pg. 16
  17. ^ Maʿrifatul ‘l-Rijāl, Vol 1, pg. 6
  18. ^ Siyar Aʿlām al-Nubalā’, Vol 11, pg. 77
  19. ^ Ma’rifatul ‘l-Rijāl, Vol 1, pg. 16
  20. ^ Siyar Aʿlām al-Nubalā’, Vol 11, pg. 72. Al-Kamāl fī Asmā' al-Rijāl, Vol. 31, pg. 544 – 546
  21. ^ Tārīkh Bagdād, Vol 16, pg. 263. Siyar Aʿlām al-Nubalā’, Vol 11, pg. 72. Tahzīb Al-Kamāl fī Asmā' al-Rijāl, Vol. 31, pg. 546

External linksEdit