Ian Livingstone CBE (born 29 December 1949) is an English fantasy author and entrepreneur. Along with Steve Jackson, he is the co-founder of a series of role-playing gamebooks, Fighting Fantasy, and the author of many books within that series. He is also one of the co-founders of prominent games company Games Workshop.
Ian Livingstone CBE
Ian Livingstone during the Bafta Awards 2006.
|Born||29 December 1949|
Prestbury, Cheshire, England
|Occupation||Fantasy author, entrepreneur|
|Known for||Co-creator for Fighting Fantasy gamebooks|
Co-founder for Games Workshop
President and CEO for Eidos Interactive
Co-author for Next Gen report
Livingstone attended Altrincham Grammar School for Boys, where, according to him, he only earned one A-level in Geography. He has kept his close links with the school and has visited it on numerous occasions, including to donate money for a refurbishment of the ICT suite, and to present awards to GCSE recipients in 1998.
Livingstone co-founded Games Workshop in early 1975 with flatmates John Peake and Steve Jackson.:43 They started publishing a monthly newsletter, Owl and Weasel, and sent copies of the first issue to subscribers of the recently defunct fanzine Albion; Brian Blume received one of these copies, and sent them a copy of the new game Dungeons & Dragons in return. Livingstone and Jackson felt that this game was more imaginative than anything being produced in the UK at the time, and so worked out an arrangement with Blume for an exclusive deal to sell D&D in Europe.:43 They began distributing Dungeons & Dragons and other TSR products later in 1975. In late 1975, Livingstone and Jackson organised their first convention, the first Games Day.:43 Because they were selling products out of their flat, people would come looking for a store that did not exist; because of this they were evicted in the summer of 1976.:43
Under the direction of Livingstone and Jackson, Games Workshop expanded from a bedroom mail order company to a successful gaming manufacturer and retail chain, with the first Games Workshop store opening in Hammersmith in 1977. In June of that year, partially to advertise the opening, Livingstone and Jackson launched the gaming magazine White Dwarf, with Livingstone as the editor. Livingstone picked the title, which had meaning for both fantasy and science fiction readers: a white dwarf could be a stellar phenomenon or a fantasy character.:44 Livingstone stepped down as editor of the magazine after White Dwarf #74 (February 1986).:48
In 1980, Livingstone and Jackson began to develop the concept of the Fighting Fantasy gamebook series, the first volume of which (The Warlock of Firetop Mountain) was published in 1982 by Puffin Books.:46 Livingstone and Jackson sold Games Workshop in 1991 for £10 million.
Livingstone has also invented several board games, including Boom Town, Judge Dredd, Automania, Legend of Zagor, and Dragonmasters.
In 1982, Jackson and Livingstone co-wrote The Warlock of Firetop Mountain, the first book in the Fighting Fantasy series, but following an instruction from publishers Penguin to write more books "as quickly as possible" the pair wrote subsequent books separately. The series had sold over 18 million copies as of 2017, with Livingstone's Deathtrap Dungeon selling over 350,000 copies in its first year alone. Livingstone wrote another twelve Fighting Fantasy gamebooks, including The Forest of Doom, City of Thieves and Caverns of the Snow Witch before marking the 30th anniversary of The Warlock of Firetop Mountain with a new gamebook, Blood of the Zombies, in 2012, and with The Port of Peril in 2017 for the 35th anniversary.
In the mid-1980s Livingstone did design work for video game publisher Domark; he returned to the company in 1993 as a major investor and board member. Livingstone later recounted, "After the success of Games Workshop, I retired, got bored, and invested in Domark to fund their cartridge development. I got in at just the wrong time - it was all going flat." In 1995, Domark was acquired by the video technology company Eidos Interactive, which had been floated on the London Stock Exchange in 1990, and formed the major part of the newly created Eidos Interactive. In 2005 Eidos was taken over by SCi and Livingstone was the only former board member to be retained, taking on the role of product acquisition director. Livingstone secured many of the company's major franchises, including Tomb Raider and Hitman. He contributed to the Tomb Raider project Tomb Raider: Anniversary (an enhanced version of the original Tomb Raider game), which was released in 2007. In 2009, Japanese video-game company Square Enix completed a buyout of Eidos Interactive and Livingstone was promoted to Life President of Eidos, a position he resigned from in 2013.
In 2010 Livingstone was asked to act as the Skills Champion by government minister Ed Vaizey, tasked with producing a report reviewing the UK video games industry. The 'NextGen' report, co-authored with Alex Hope of visual effects firm Double Negative, was released in 2011; Livingstone described it as a "complete bottom up review of the whole education system relating to games."
Livingstone was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 2006 New Year Honours, and Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2013 New Year Honours both for services to the computer gaming industry.
- The Warlock of Firetop Mountain (1982) with Steve Jackson, Puffin Books
- The Forest of Doom (1983)
- City of Thieves (1983)
- Deathtrap Dungeon (1984)
- Island of the Lizard King (1984)
- Caverns of the Snow Witch (1984)
- Freeway Fighter (1985)
- Temple of Terror (1985)
- Trial of Champions (1986)
- Crypt of the Sorceror (1987)
- Armies of Death (1988)
- Return to Firetop Mountain (1992)
- Eye of the Dragon (2005)
- Blood of the Zombies (2012)
- The Port of Peril (2017)
- Assassins of Allansia (2019)
Fighting Fantasy First Adventures: Adventures of GoldhawkEdit
- Darkmoon's Curse (1995)
- The Demon Spider (1995)
- Mudworm Swamp (1995)
- Ghost Road (1995)
- "Officers - Square Enix Limited".
- Green, Jonathan (2014). You Are The Hero. Snow Books. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-909679-38-2.
- Yin-Poole, Weasley (16 January 2014). "What Ian Livingstone Did Next". EuroGamer.net. Gamer Network. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- Admed, Emad (7 August 2017). ""Generation Z naturally collaborate": games legend Ian Livingstone on opening a school". NewStatesman.com. New Statesman. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
- "Video game pioneer Ian Livingstone returns to his roots". MessengerNewspapers.co.uk. Newsquest (North West) Ltd. 18 March 2013. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
- "Old Altrinchamians Centenary Dinner". MessengerNewspapers.co.uk. Newsquest (North West) Ltd. 12 April 2014. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
- Livingstone, Ian (April 1975). "Editorial". Owl and Weasel. Games Workshop (3): 2.
- Shannon Appelcline (2011). Designers & Dragons. Mongoose Publishing. ISBN 978-1-907702-58-7.
- Livingstone, Ian (July 1975). "Editorial". Owl and Weasel. Games Workshop (6): 10.
- McGrath, Melanie (2 June 1998). "A Visit to the Fantasy World of Ian Livingstone". The Independent. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- Livingstone, Ian (2007). "Amun-Re". In Lowder, James (ed.). Hobby Games: The 100 Best. Green Ronin Publishing. pp. 9–12. ISBN 978-1-932442-96-0.
- "Fighting Fantasy: The Port of Peril". Scholastic.co.uk. Scholastic Ltd. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- Green, Jonathan (2014). You Are The Hero. Snow Books. p. 33. ISBN 978-1-909679-38-2.
- Ian Livingstone, Twitter, 14 October 2011
- "Ian Livingstone". Next Generation. No. 28. Imagine Media. April 1997. p. 95.
- Boyes, Emma. "Q&A: Ian Livingstone on 10 years of Lara". Gamespot. Archived from the original on 26 January 2007.
- "Eidos President and CEO Ian Livingstone departs after 20 years". Polygon.com. Vox Media, Inc. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- "From Bedrooms to Billions (2014) Full Cast & Crew". IMDb.com. IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- "Next Gen. - Nesta". www.nesta.org.uk.
- Harris, Phil (11 September 2010). "Ian Livingstone - EI10 Interview". Square-Go. Archived from the original on 5 October 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
- "The Special Award". BAFTA. 23 December 2011. Archived from the original on 31 October 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "2006 New Year Honours List" (PDF). BBC. 30 December 2005. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "No. 60367". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 2012. p. 8.
- Kelion, Leo (29 December 2012). "Tech visionaries make honours list" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Bournemouth University announces Honorary Doctorates". Bournemouth University. 3 November 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "Ian Livingstone OBE receives honorary degree from BU". Bournemouth University. 11 November 2011. Archived from the original on 24 November 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- OpenLibrary.org. "Dicing with Dragons - Open Library". Open Library.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ian Livingstone.|
- Raider of the Costly Art - Interview with Shashank Kumar of OPEN, an Indian monthly magazine, on the gaming industry and more.
- Ian Livingstone's profile at MobyGames
- "Ian Livingstone's speech at the Game Based Learning Conference, London, March 2009". Archived from the original on 18 April 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2009.
- "Ian Livingstone interview on Yog Radio about Games Workshop and Fighting Fantasy, June 2010". Archived from the original on 5 January 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- The Next Gen Report co-authored with David Hope (Nesta, 2011)
- Ian Livingstone interview – Interview with SquareGo about working as Life President for Square-Enix Europe
- Interview with Pocket-lint talking about Facebook gaming, Fighting Fantasy, and his new venture Appertyze
- Ian Livingstone at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- "Ian Livingstone :: Pen & Paper RPG Database". Archived from the original on 10 March 2005. Retrieved 20 January 2020.