Hydnellum compactum

Hydnellum compactum is a tooth fungus in the family Bankeraceae. It is found in Europe, where it grows in deciduous forest, typically under beech. Fruit bodies of the fungus grow singly or in groups. They are top-shaped, with convex or flattened upper surfaces up to 10 cm (4 in) in diameter. The surface texture is initially felt-like before becoming pitted and rough in age. The stipe, roughly the same color as the cap, is solid and measures 2–4 cm (0.8–1.6 in) long by 1–3 cm (0.4–1.2 in) thick. On the fertile cap underside (the hymenium) are white to purple-brown, curved spines up to 5 mm long. The color is whitish at first but gradually turns dark brown to blackish. Its spores measure 5.5–6 by 3.5–4.5 µm, and feature tubercles that sometimes have a sunken tip.[3] It is considered endangered in Switzerland.[4]

Hydnellum compactum
Hydnellum compactum
Hydnellum compactum
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Thelephorales
Family: Bankeraceae
Genus: Hydnellum
Species:
H. compactum
Binomial name
Hydnellum compactum
(Pers.) P.Karst. (1879)
Synonyms[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nitare, J. (27 April 2015). "Hydnellum compactum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 27 April 2015. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T70408373A70408376.en.
  2. ^ "GSD species Synonymy: Hydnellum compactum (Pers.) P. Karst". Species Fungorum. CAB International. Retrieved 2014-11-21.
  3. ^ Ellis JB, Ellis MB (1990). Fungi without Gills (Hymenomycetes and Gasteromycetes): An Identification Handbook. London, UK: Chapman and Hall. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-412-36970-4.
  4. ^ Senn-Irlet B, Bieri G, Egli S (2007). Lista Rossa Macromiceti. Lista Rossa delle specie minacciate in Svizzera. UV-0718-I (Report) (in Italian). Bern: Ufficio federale dell’ambiente.