Hurricane Roslyn (2022)

Hurricane Roslyn was a powerful tropical cyclone that was the strongest landfalling Pacific hurricane since Hurricane Patricia in 2015.[1] The nineteenth named storm, tenth hurricane, and fourth major hurricane of the 2022 Pacific hurricane season, Roslyn formed on October 20, from an area of low pressure that developed off the southwestern coast of Mexico. The system moved west-northwestward, paralleling the coast, where it became a hurricane at 03:00 UTC, on October 22, and, within 12 hours rapidly intensified to a Category 4 hurricane, with sustained winds of 130 mph (215 km/h). Roslyn made landfall on October 23, near Santa Cruz in northern Nayarit, at 11:20 UTC with 120 mph (195 km/h) winds. Inland, Roslyn weakened quickly to a tropical storm, and then dissipated over east-central Mexico on October 24.

Hurricane Roslyn
Category 4 major hurricane (SSHWS/NWS)
Roslyn 2022-10-22 1520Z.jpg
Hurricane Roslyn at peak intensity offshore Mexico early on October 22
FormedOctober 20, 2022
DissipatedOctober 24, 2022
Highest winds1-minute sustained: 130 mph (215 km/h)
Lowest pressure950 mbar (hPa); 28.05 inHg
Fatalities4 total
DamageMinimal
Areas affectedWestern Mexico
Part of the 2022 Pacific hurricane season

Roslyn prompted the issuance of hurricane and tropical storm watches and warnings by the Mexican government for Western Mexico. More than 270 people evacuated from Roslyn and many activities were suspended. Around 150,000 people lost power and at least 5,000 houses were damaged. Four people were killed and only minor damage occurred.

Meteorological historyEdit

 
Map plotting the storm's track and intensity, according to the Saffir–Simpson scale
Map key
  Tropical depression (≤38 mph, ≤62 km/h)
  Tropical storm (39–73 mph, 63–118 km/h)
  Category 1 (74–95 mph, 119–153 km/h)
  Category 2 (96–110 mph, 154–177 km/h)
  Category 3 (111–129 mph, 178–208 km/h)
  Category 4 (130–156 mph, 209–251 km/h)
  Category 5 (≥157 mph, ≥252 km/h)
  Unknown
Storm type
  Extratropical cyclone / Remnant low / Tropical disturbance / Monsoon depression

On October 16, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) began monitoring the south of the southern coast of Mexico, where a low-pressure area was expected to form within a few days.[2] Gradual development occurred are forecast to be conducive.[3] A low-pressure area had formed, producing a large area of showers and thunderstorms.[4] Satellite wind data indicated that the circulation was becoming better-defined.[5]

Early on October 20, the system became a tropical depression, receiving the designation Nineteen-E at 03:00 UTC.[6] By 15:00 UTC, the system strengthened into Tropical Storm Roslyn.[7] Satellite imagery showed the formation of a convective band in the eastern semicircle with Roslyn becoming a little better organized.[8] Deep convection increased near the system's center.[9] Roslyn's well-defined central dense overcast, embedded within the center of the storm.[10] The NHC assessed the storm to have strengthened into a Category 1 hurricane on the Saffir–Simpson scale on October 22, and rapidly intensified to a Category 2 hurricane.[11][12]

Just 6 hours later, Roslyn became a Category 3 hurricane, as an eyewall and a well-defined eye had formed.[13] Roslyn reached peak intensity as a Category 4 major hurricane with maximum sustained winds of 130 mph (215 km/h).[14] The cyclone remained a formidable hurricane, with deep convection that was extremely intense and a symmetric central dense overcast.[15] At 09:00 UTC the next day, Roslyn's weakened to Category 3 strength as the cloud pattern became less rounded and the storm's eye became obscured.[16]

Most intense landfalling Pacific hurricanes
Intensity is measured solely by wind speed
Hurricane Season Wind speed Ref.
Patricia 2015 150 mph (240 km/h) [17]
Madeline 1976 145 mph (230 km/h) [18]
Iniki 1992 [19]
Twelve 1957 140 mph (220 km/h) [20]
"Mexico" 1959 [20]
Kenna 2002 [21]
Olivia 1967 125 mph (205 km/h) [20]
Tico 1983 [22]
Lane 2006 [23]
Odile 2014 [24]
Roslyn 2022 120 mph (195 km/h) [25]
Olivia 1975 115 mph (185 km/h) [26]
Liza 1976 [18]
Kiko 1989 [27]
Willa 2018 [28]

Roslyn made landfall near Santa Cruz in northern Nayarit at 11:20 UTC with 120 mph (195 km/h) winds.[29] Increasing southwesterly vertical wind shear and the mountainous terrain of Mexico caused the system to weaken into a tropical storm.[30] Roslyn was further downgraded into a tropical depression at 00:00 UTC on October 24.[31] Later that day, the low-level circulation dissipated over east-central Mexico.[32] Its remaining moisture and upper-level energy were then pulled northward into Texas by an advancing south-central U.S. cold front.[33]

Preparations, impact, and aftermathEdit

 
Satellite loop of Hurricane Roslyn making landfall in Nayarit and then rapidly weakening on October 23

In anticipation of Roslyn, the government of Mexico issued a tropical storm watch for the coast of Manzanillo from Cabo Corrientes.[34] The government also issued hurricane watch from Playa Pérula to San Blas.[35] Officials declared a precautionary alert for the provinces Jalisco, Colima, Nayarit, and Sinaloa.[36] Several hundred people were evacuated from La Huerta.[36] Five emergency shelters were set up in Puerto Vallarta.[37] School and tourism activities were being suspended in coastal cities throughout the weekend.[38] However, this could not stop tourists from flocking into resorts.[39] Eleven municipalities in Nayarit and Durango were placed under a "red" alert.[40] Secretary of Public Security Benito Rodríguez Martínez said 3,000 people were evacuated from their homes in the municipalities of Santiago Ixcuintla and San Blas.[41]

In Nayarit, cars were submerged and major damage occurred to roofs and outdoor coverings.[42] In Tepic, the capital city of Nayarit, trees were blown down and flooded some streets, and a local highway was blocked after a landslide occurred.[43][44] At least 5,000 houses were damaged.[45][46] Four people were killed, including an 80-year-old man who died when a beam from a roof fell on him, and two women from collapsing buildings.[47][48][49] Local Civil Protection Chief Adrián Bobadilla, stated that the damage was not significant, quoting "The biggest effect [of the hurricane] was from the waves, on some of the beachside infrastructure [but] we did not have any significant damage".[50] Roslyn brought high waves and heavy rainfall to Puerto Vallarta.[51] Around 150,000 people across Mexico lost power.[43][52] In Sinaloa, strong winds knocked down electricity wiring, trees, and poles, leaving many without electricity.[53] Flash floods and power outages were reported in Puerto Vallarta.[54] Governor of Jalisco Enrique Alfaro Ramírez stated that damage from the hurricane were minor.[48]

In the aftermath of the storm, the beaches were closed indefinitely.[48] Families were relocated to temporary shelters in San Blas.[55] 33 people were provided assistance.[56] The Federal Electricity Commission (CFE) restored 63% of power in three states.[57] Plan DN-III-E, a disaster relief and rescue plan, was activated in the states of Jalisco, Sinaloa, Colima and Nayarit.[58] At least MX$70 million have been set aside for the reconstruction of areas in Nayarit.[59] The Mexican Red Cross provided aid to families.[60] The government of Escuinapa sent 5,000 tons, including groceries, pantries to victims of hurricane.[61]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Masters, Jeff (October 22, 2022). "Category 4 Hurricane Roslyn heads for landfall on Mexico's Pacific coast". New Haven, Connecticut: Yale Climate Connections. Retrieved October 29, 2022.
  2. ^ Papin, Philippe (October 16, 2022). Five Day Graphical Tropical Weather Outlook (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 16, 2022.
  3. ^ Blake, Eric (October 16, 2022). Five Day Graphical Tropical Weather Outlook (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 16, 2022.
  4. ^ Papin, Philippe (October 17, 2022). Two Day Graphical Tropical Weather Outlook (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 17, 2022.
  5. ^ Beven, Jack (October 19, 2022). Two Day Graphical Tropical Weather Outlook (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 19, 2022.
  6. ^ Reinhart, Brad (October 19, 2022). Tropical Depression Nineteen-E Discussion Number 1 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 19, 2022.
  7. ^ Beven, Jack (October 20, 2022). Tropical Storm Roslyn Discussion Number 3 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
  8. ^ Beven, Jack (October 20, 2022). Tropical Storm Roslyn Discussion Number 4 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
  9. ^ Reinhart, Brad (October 20, 2022). Tropical Storm Roslyn Discussion Number 5 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
  10. ^ Beven, Jack (October 21, 2022). Tropical Storm Roslyn Discussion Number 8 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 21, 2022.
  11. ^ Pasch, Richard (October 21, 2022). Hurricane Roslyn Advisory Number 9 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 21, 2022.
  12. ^ Berg, Robbie (October 22, 2022). Hurricane Roslyn Intermediate Advisory Number 9A (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 22, 2022.
  13. ^ Berg, Robbie (October 22, 2022). Hurricane Roslyn Discussion Number 10 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 22, 2022.
  14. ^ Beven, Jack (October 22, 2022). Hurricane Roslyn Advisory Number 11 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 22, 2022.
  15. ^ Pasch, Richard (October 22, 2022). Hurricane Roslyn Discussion Number 13 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 22, 2022.
  16. ^ Blake, Jack (October 23, 2022). Hurricane Roslyn Discussion Number 14 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 23, 2022.
  17. ^ Kimberlain, Todd B.; Blake, Eric S.; Cangialosi, John P. (February 1, 2016). Hurricane Patricia (pdf) (Report). Tropical Cyclone Report. Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved February 4, 2016.
  18. ^ a b Gunther, Emil B. (April 1977). "Eastern North Pacific Tropical Cyclones of 1976". Monthly Weather Review. Eastern Pacific Hurricane Center. 105 (4): 508–522. Bibcode:1977MWRv..105..508G. doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1977)105<0508:EPTCO>2.0.CO;2. Retrieved October 11, 2011.
  19. ^ Central Pacific Hurricane Center (1993). The 1992 Central Pacific Tropical Cyclone Season (PDF) (Report). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved November 24, 2003.
  20. ^ a b c Blake, Eric S; Gibney, Ethan J; Brown, Daniel P; Mainelli, Michelle; Franklin, James L; Kimberlain, Todd B; Hammer, Gregory R (2009). Tropical Cyclones of the Eastern North Pacific Basin, 1949-2006 (PDF). Archived from the original on July 28, 2013. Retrieved June 14, 2013.
  21. ^ Franklin, James L. (December 26, 2002). Hurricane Kenna (pdf) (Report). Tropical Cyclone Report. Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 11, 2011.
  22. ^ Gunther, Emil B.; Cross, R. L. (July 1984). "Eastern North Pacific Tropical Cyclones of 1983". Monthly Weather Review. Eastern Pacific Hurricane Center. 112 (7): 1419–1440. Bibcode:1984MWRv..112.1419G. doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1984)112<1419:ENPTCO>2.0.CO;2. Retrieved October 11, 2011.
  23. ^ Knabb, Richard D. (November 30, 2006). Hurricane Lane (pdf) (Report). Tropical Cyclone Report. Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 11, 2011.
  24. ^ Cangialosi, John P.; Kimberlain, Todd B. (December 19, 2014). Hurricane Odile (pdf) (Report). Tropical Cyclone Report. Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved March 4, 2015.
  25. ^ Bucci, Lisa; Brown, Daniel (October 23, 2022). Hurricane Roslyn Tropical Cyclone Update (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 23, 2022.
  26. ^ Baum, Robert A. (April 1976). "Eastern North Pacific Tropical Cyclones of 1975". Monthly Weather Review. Weather Service Forecast Center. 104 (4): 475–488. Bibcode:1976MWRv..104..475B. doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1976)104<0475:ENPTCO>2.0.CO;2. Retrieved October 11, 2011.
  27. ^ Mayfield, Britt Max (November 18, 1989). Hurricane Kiko (Report). Preliminary Report. Miami, Florida: National Weather Service. p. 6. Retrieved October 11, 2011.
  28. ^ Brennan, Michael J. (April 2, 2019). Hurricane Willa (pdf) (Report). Tropical Cyclone Report. Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  29. ^ Bucci, Lisa; Brown, Daniel (October 23, 2022). Hurricane Roslyn Tropical Cyclone Update (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 23, 2022.
  30. ^ Brown, Daniel (October 23, 2022). Tropical Storm Roslyn Discussion Number 16 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 23, 2022.
  31. ^ Pasch, Richard (October 23, 2022). Tropical Depression Roslyn Intermediate Advisory Number 16A (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 23, 2022.
  32. ^ Pasch, Richard (October 23, 2022). Remnants of Roslyn Discussion Number 17 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 23, 2022.
  33. ^ Andrews, Evan (October 24, 2022). "Remnants of Hurricane Roslyn bring rounds of rain to North Texas". Dallas, Texas: KDFW. Retrieved October 30, 2022.
  34. ^ Beven, Jack (October 20, 2022). Tropical Storm Roslyn Forecast/Advisory Number 4 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
  35. ^ Reinhart, Brad (October 21, 2022). Tropical Storm Roslyn Forecast/Advisory Number 5 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 21, 2022.
  36. ^ a b "Major Hurricane Roslyn approaches Mexico's Pacific coast". phys.org. October 23, 2022. Archived from the original on October 30, 2022. Retrieved October 23, 2022.
  37. ^ "In photos: Hurricane Roslyn approaches Mexico, citizens prepare for devastating surge". The Indian Express. October 23, 2022. Archived from the original on October 30, 2022. Retrieved October 23, 2022.
  38. ^ Holpuch, Amanda (October 23, 2022). "Hurricane Roslyn to Hit Mexico as a Major Storm". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on October 23, 2022. Retrieved October 23, 2022.
  39. ^ "Major Hurricane Roslyn heads for hit on Mexico's coast". AP NEWS. October 23, 2022. Archived from the original on October 30, 2022. Retrieved October 23, 2022.
  40. ^ Huerta, Cesar (October 23, 2022). "Huracán "Roslyn" toca tierra como categoría 3 en Santiago Ixcuintla, Nayarit" [Hurricane "Roslyn" makes landfall as category 3 in Santiago Ixcuintla, Nayarit]. La Razón (in Spanish). Archived from the original on October 30, 2022. Retrieved October 29, 2022.
  41. ^ Gonzalez, Rodrigo Mendoza (October 23, 2022). "EN VIVO: Tormenta tropical Roslyn continúa en tierra sobre Durango" [LIVE: Tropical Storm Roslyn continues on land over Durango]. El Heraldo de México (in Spanish). Archived from the original on October 30, 2022. Retrieved October 30, 2022.
  42. ^ Garrison, Cassandra (October 23, 2022). "Two dead in Mexico after Storm Roslyn dumps heavy rains, flooding". Reuters. Archived from the original on October 23, 2022. Retrieved October 28, 2022.
  43. ^ a b "Hurricane Roslyn makes landfall in Mexico and weakens into a tropical storm". NPR. The Associated Press. October 24, 2022. Archived from the original on October 24, 2022. Retrieved October 28, 2022.
  44. ^ "Hurricane Roslyn makes landfall in Mexico, avoids resorts". AP NEWS. October 23, 2022. Archived from the original on October 30, 2022. Retrieved October 28, 2022.
  45. ^ "Suman 3 muertos en Nayarit por el paso de "Roslyn"; reportan 5 mil casas dañadas" [There are 3 deaths in Nayarit due to the passage of "Roslyn"; reported 5 thousand houses damaged]. La Razón (in Spanish). Archived from the original on October 30, 2022. Retrieved October 29, 2022.
  46. ^ Editorial (October 24, 2022). "Huracán Roslyn deja cuatro muertos y daños materiales en México" [Hurricane Roslyn leaves four dead and material damage in Mexico]. El Tiempo Latino (in Spanish). Archived from the original on October 31, 2022. Retrieved October 29, 2022.
  47. ^ Gilbert, Mary; Duff, Renee (October 20, 2022). "At least 2 dead after Roslyn strikes Mexico". AccuWeather. Archived from the original on October 30, 2022. Retrieved October 24, 2022.
  48. ^ a b c "Hurricane Roslyn: At least three dead on Mexico's coast". BBC News. October 24, 2022. Archived from the original on October 31, 2022. Retrieved October 24, 2022.
  49. ^ "Al menos 4 muertos tras el impacto del huracán Roslyn en México | TRT Español". www.trt.net.tr (in European Spanish). Retrieved November 13, 2022.
  50. ^ "Hurricane Roslyn weakens to tropical depression in Nayarit". Mexico News Daily. October 24, 2022. Archived from the original on October 30, 2022. Retrieved October 30, 2022.
  51. ^ "Photos: Hurricane Roslyn dumps heavy rain in Mexico". www.aljazeera.com. Archived from the original on October 30, 2022. Retrieved October 29, 2022.
  52. ^ Holpuch, Amanda (October 24, 2022). "Roslyn Moves Inland and Breaks Up After Lashing Mexican Coast". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on October 30, 2022. Retrieved October 28, 2022.
  53. ^ ""Roslyn" deja tres muertos a su paso" ["Roslyn" leaves three dead in her wake]. El Universal (in Spanish). October 24, 2022. Archived from the original on October 30, 2022. Retrieved October 29, 2022.
  54. ^ "Mexico - Hurricane ROSLYN (GDACS, NOAA-NHC, SMN, Government of Nayarit, media) (ECHO Daily Flash of 24 October 2022) - Mexico | ReliefWeb". reliefweb.int. Archived from the original on October 30, 2022. Retrieved October 30, 2022.
  55. ^ "Huracán Roslyn avanza como categoría 3 cerca de México | En VIVO" [Hurricane Roslyn advances as category 3 near Mexico | Live]. Grupo Milenio (in Mexican Spanish). Archived from the original on October 29, 2022. Retrieved October 29, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  56. ^ Quinto, Omar Payán (October 22, 2022). "Inminente impacto del huracán Roslyn, ¿qué hacer?" [Imminent impact of Hurricane Roslyn, what to do?]. Meteored.mx | Meteored (in Mexican Spanish). Archived from the original on October 31, 2022. Retrieved October 29, 2022.
  57. ^ Noroeste/Redacción |. "Se ha restablecido 63% del suministro eléctrico en Sinaloa, Nayarit y Jalisco, informa CFE" [63% of the electrical supply has been restored in Sinaloa, Nayarit and Jalisco, informa CFE]. www.noroeste.com.mx (in Mexican Spanish). Archived from the original on October 29, 2022. Retrieved October 29, 2022.
  58. ^ "Huracán Roslyn: Aplican Plan DN-III-E tras paso del ciclón" [Hurricane Roslyn: Plan DN-III-E applied after passage of the cyclone]. El Informador :: Noticias de Jalisco, México, Deportes & Entretenimiento (in Mexican Spanish). Archived from the original on October 29, 2022. Retrieved October 29, 2022.
  59. ^ Fernandez, Arely (October 25, 2022). "Nayarit inicia reconstrucción de zonas afectadas por Huracán Roslyn" [Nayarit begins reconstruction of areas affected by Hurricane Roslyn]. EL DEBATE (in Mexican Spanish). Archived from the original on October 31, 2022. Retrieved October 31, 2022.
  60. ^ Meridiano.mx, Redacción de (October 30, 2022). "Entrega Cruz Roja apoyo a familias damnificadas" [Red Cross delivery support to affected families]. Meridiano.mx (in Spanish). Archived from the original on October 31, 2022. Retrieved October 31, 2022.
  61. ^ Noroeste/Redacción | (October 30, 2022). "Entregan en Acaponeta, Nayarit, víveres donados por escuinapenses para damnificados por el huracán Roslyn" [They deliver in Acaponeta, Nayarit, food donated by Escuinapense for victims of Hurricane Roslyn]. www.noroeste.com.mx (in Mexican Spanish). Archived from the original on October 31, 2022. Retrieved October 31, 2022.

External linksEdit